芦苞镇大塘镇乐平白坭镇包皮手术怎么样天涯在线

明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年08月22日 16:19:57
0评论
Owl The owl has a weird hooting or screeching call that sounds very ghostly in the silent night. So some people associated it with death. In the Middle Ages some people called the owl "night hag"; it was said to be a witch in the form of a bird. The owl is still associated with witches in the symbolism of Halloween.猫头鹰 在寂静的夜里,猫头鹰古怪的叫声令人毛骨悚然。所以人们将它与死亡联系在一起。中世纪,人们称之为“夜之巫”,据说是女巫变的。直到今天,猫头鹰仍在万圣节前夜众多妖魔鬼怪之列。【题外话】有人说在西方猫头鹰是智慧的象征,此话不假,因为它是智慧女神雅典娜的圣鸟。但在西欧民间,雅典娜属外来文化。猫头鹰不吉利,中西民间看法大致相同。 /200906/73869当少女遭遇意外怀……More teenage girls have been calling this Shanghai's only accidental pregnancy hotline since the summer vacation started."We have seen a 12 percent increase in phone calls, and a 23 percent increase in abortion procedures," Dr Zhang Zhengrong from the 411 Hospital told China Daily."Many girls use their summer vacations to deal with these problems."He added that accidental pregnancies are more likely to happen during the summer."Some people will come to us right before the new semester starts," Zhang said.The 411 Hospital set up its accidental pregnancy hotline for teenagers about two years ago. The hotline has since helped more than 20,000 people, nearly half of them students."We have also found an increase in the number of pregnancies involving people who meet through the Internet," Zhang said. "Young girls seem to find it more relaxing and more open talking with strangers on the Web. Men often ask to meet a girl in person."But after they have sex, and the girl becomes pregnant, the man often disappears. The girl, who once thought she was in love, often finds she barely knew the man."Only about 20 percent of the girls who have come to the hospital were accompanied by their parents, Zhang said. The others were reluctant to let their parents know about their troubles. Many ended up coming with their friends.Casual sex has also resulted in an increase in the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases. About half of the patients who have had abortions had gynecologic infections, Zhang said. "These youngsters showed an obvious lack of sex education."The sex education offered at schools has often been found to be lacking, and few youngsters feel free to discuss sex with their parents.Of the students who have had abortions, 10 percent were from junior middle schools, 20 percent were seniors and 25 percent were college students. Students from professional training schools accounted for a surprising 45 percent.Earlier this month, the Shanghai Population and Family Planning Committee held an education campaign, calling on parents and school administrators to speak with youngsters about sex. 暑期来临,上海市唯一的意外怀求助热线接到的少女咨询电话也随之增多。解放军411医院的张峥嵘医生在接受《中国日报》的采访时说:“我们接到的求助电话数量增长了12%,人流手术的数量也增加了23%。”“很多女孩都是利用暑期来解决这些问题。”他说,意外怀更容易发生在夏天。“有些人会在开学前来医院手术。”大约两年前,解放军411医院开通了少女意外怀求助热线。两年来,该热线共接到2万多人的求助电话,其中近一半是学生。张医生说:“我们还发现,网上交友所导致的意外怀数量增多。可能年轻女孩觉得在网上与陌生人聊天更放松、更自由。而与她们在网上聊天的男人经常会提出单独会面的要求。”“但在他们发生性行为、女孩意外怀后,这个男人通常就消失了。而一度觉得自己已爱上对方的女孩往往会发现其实自己根本不了解这个男人。”张医生说,来医院做人流手术的女孩中,仅有20%的人有家长陪伴。其余的人不愿让父母知道。很多人都是和朋友一起来的。他说,随意的性行为还导致了性传播疾病患病率的增加。在做过人流手术的病人中,有一半的人患上了妇科感染疾病。“这些青少年明显缺乏性教育。”学校性教育缺失的现象较为普遍,大多数青少年都不好意思与家长谈论性话题。在堕胎的学生中,有10%是初中生、20%是高中生、25%是大学生。专业培训学校的学生竟占到了45%。本月早些时候,上海人口与计划生育委员会举办了一个教育宣传活动,呼吁家长和学校管理者们与青少年谈论性问题。 /200803/32262

My family thinks I bought a brand new high resolution monitor--but all I did was wipe off the dust and fingerprints.我家人以为我买了一台崭新的高分辨率显示器——但实际上我所做的只是擦去了外面的灰尘和手指印。 /201106/140607

不少女孩子身边都会有一个随叫随到的男性好朋友,失恋的时候、没钱吃饭的时候、逛街没人帮着拎东西的时候,这位男性好友就会派上用场。可他从来都不会成为这个女孩子的恋爱对象,只是因为他对她太好了。  Nice guy syndromebasically describes a guy who will listen to his female friend's every complaint, rant, problem, and experience in life; will help them out no matter to the cost to them; would die for their friends without even thinking; but can never get a girlfriend. “好人综合症”说的是这样一类男人,他们会倾听女性朋友无止尽的抱怨和唠叨,听她们倾诉自己遇到的问题和人生经历;在她们遇到困难时会不顾一切帮她们走出困境;甚至会不假思索地为她们放弃生命,可她们永远都不会成为他的女朋友。 All their female friends will continue to go out with mindless, stupid men who treat them badly, and hurt them over and over again, never even considering the nice guy, because he is “such a good friend”. 他的这些女性朋友会继续跟一些毫无头脑的愚蠢男人约会,被他们粗鲁对待,并且一次次被伤害。而这些女性朋友从来都不会考虑跟这个好人约会,因为他是个“这么好的朋友”。 /201103/127315

  To learn a foreign language, the culture background of the target language will helps a lot. Take this sentence For example: 学习外语,外语的文化背景十分重要。以下面的句子为例: They had planned on marrying as soon as they graduated from high school but "Uncle Sam" had other ideas. 他们计划高中一毕业就结婚,但“山姆大叔”却另有主意。 Most of us know the "Uncle Sam" means the government of ed States. But suppose we don't know it, we will got misunderstanded. 大多数人都知道“山姆大叔”指美国政府,但是设想我们不了解这个词,我们就会弄不清是什么意思。 "Uncle Sam"是美国人的绰号。它源自1812-1814年间美英战争时期的一个历史传说。相传在纽约州的特洛伊城(Troy)有位年长的肉类加工商,名叫山缪尔#8226;威尔逊(Samuel Wilson)。他勤劳、诚实、能干,很有威信,人们亲切地叫他"山姆大叔(Uncle Sam)"(注:Sam为Samuel的昵称)。这位山姆大叔也是一位爱国者,他与父兄曾参加过美国独立战争。在1812年的美英战争中,他的工厂与政府签了一份为军队生产桶装牛肉的合同,美国政府每当收到他交来的经其亲自检验合格的牛肉,就将肉装入特制的木桶,并在桶上盖上US的记号。由于Uncle Sam的首字母是US,而美国(The ed States)的缩写也是U.S.,于是人们便把这两个名称合二为一了,意即那些经"山姆大叔"之手的牛肉,成了"美国"的财产。于是当地的人们就把"山姆大叔"当成美国的绰号,并逐渐流传开来。  19世纪30年代,美国漫画家根据历史传说,赋予"山姆大叔"形象,于是出现了一个蓄着胡子的高瘦老头形象。他头戴饰星高顶帽,身穿红、白、蓝三色燕尾和条纹裤(美国星条旗的图案)。虽白发苍髯,却精神矍铄,一派威仪。从此,这一形象就成了美国的象征。"山姆大叔"勤劳开朗的性格和爱国热忱,体现了美国人民的天性和精神。因此,1961年,美国国会正式承认"山姆大叔"为美国的民族象征和代表。 美国人的绰号,除了"Uncle Sam"外,还有"Brother Jonathan"和"Yankee"。"Brother Jonathan"代表美国人,源自华盛顿的好友,美国民族英雄、革命志士"Jonathan Trumbull"(1710-1785)。据说,华盛顿经常向他请教问题,而且亲切地唤他作"Brother Jonathan(乔纳森兄弟)"。至于"Yankee",最初是指在美国东北部新英格兰地区定居的殖民者。在美国南北战争(1861-1865)期间,"Yankee"的含义扩大了。南方军人把北方各州的士兵都叫作"Yankee(北方佬)"。在第一次世界大战(1914-1918)期间,"Yankee"简化成"Yank"。一唱起"The Yanks Are Coming(扬克来了)"这歌,欧洲那些处境艰难的协约国人民无不欢欣流泪。从那时起,"Yankee"对于欧洲人来说,就成了美国兵或美国人的代称了。在拉丁美洲,Yankee拼作Yanqui,在民族独立运动风起云涌的五十年代,长期遭受美国剥削和压迫的拉丁美洲人民发出了Yanqui go home!(美国佬滚回老家去!)的吼声,对美国的经济利益和政治影响可说是一个巨大的打击。

  Funny New Year Resolutions Check out these funny and innovative New Year's Resolutions! Enjoy these and make some for yourself...Surely you will enjoy!!Just for today, I will not sit in my living room all day in my nightdress. Instead, I will move my computer into the bedroom. 我决定今天不再穿着睡衣在客厅里宅一天,我要把电脑搬到卧室去。I will no longer waste my time relieving the past, instead I will spend it worrying about the future. 我不会再把时间浪费在反省过去上,我要把它们用来担心未来。I will not bore my boss by with the same excuse for taking leaves. I will think of some more excuses. 我不会再用那些借口跟老板请假了,我要想一些新的理由。I will do less laundry and use more deodorant. 新年里,我要减少洗衣的次数,多用除臭剂。I will avoid taking a bath whenever possible and conserve more water. 我要尽可能避免洗澡,节省水资源。Assure my lawyer that I will never again show up drunk at a custody hearing. 向我的律师保,再也不会喝醉了上拘留所。I will give up chocolates totally. 100%. Completely. Honestly.... 我要戒掉巧克力,完全地,绝对地,彻底地……I will try to figure out why I *really* need nine e-mail addresses. 我要弄清楚为什么我会有9个电子邮箱。I will stop sending e-mails to my wife (husband).我不再给我的老公(老婆)写电子邮件了。I resolve to work with neglected children -- my own. 我要和那个不争气的孩子——我自己,一起加油I will stop sending e-mail, ICQ, Instant Messages and be on the phone at the same time with the same person. I will spend less than one hour a day on the Internet. This, of course, will be hard to estimate since I'm not a clock watcher. I will the manual... just as soon as I can find it.I will think of a password other than "password." I will not tell the same story at every get together. I won't worry so much. I will cut my hair. I will grow my hair. I will stop considering other people's feelings when they so obviously don't consider mine - if that unwashed fellow sits next to me again, I'll tell him he stinks! I will be more imaginative. I will not hang around girls - they think you love them and that sucks.I will not ring the stewardess button on airplanes just to get her phone number. Resolutions You Would be Tempted to Keep... For those who are scared of making resolutions here are some resolutions they would actually be tempted to keep!! Spend more time watching TV / movies. Chat more over phone / Internet. Read less. I want to gain weight. Put on at least 30 pounds. Stop exercising. Waste of time. Procrastinate more. Drink. Drink some more. Start being superstitious. Spend more less time at work. Stop bringing lunch from home: I should eat out more. Take up a new habit: Maybe smoking! /201001/94839。

  Serena usually makes little variation on her traditional theme (long and wavy) but she glammed it up for a couple episodes. Which high-powered, big bang does a bang-up job?S总是时不时地在她标志性的长波浪发型基础上做点小变化,其中有几集的造型格外出挑。上面俩出格造型你喜欢哪个呢? /201006/106658

  The nice men are ugly. 好男人不帅。 /201002/96003A group of professional people posed this question to a group of 4 to 8 year-olds: “What does love mean?” The answers they got were broader and deeper than anyone could have imagined. See what you think. 一组专业人士向一群4-8岁的儿童提出一个问题:“爱是什么?”得到的比其他人所能想到的还广还深。看看这些,你能想到什么。  “When my grandmother got arthritis, she couldn’t bend over and paint her toenails anymore. So my grandfather does it for her all the time, even when his hands got arthritis too. That’s love.” — Rebecca, age 8   “我的祖母患了关节炎无法弯下腰涂指甲油,因此一直都是我的祖父帮她做这件事,即使他的手也患上了关节炎。这就是爱。”——丽贝卡(8岁)  “When someone loves you, the way they say your name is different. “You know that your name is safe in their mouth.” — Billy, age 4   “如果有人爱你,那么你的名字对他来说与众不同。而且你知道他们永远不会把你的秘密说出去。”——比利(4岁)  “Love is when you go out to eat and give somebody most of your French fries without making them give you any of theirs.” — Chris, age 6   “爱是当你出去吃饭时,把你大部分的炸薯条都给他们,而不需要他们把自己盘子里的东西给你。”——克莉丝(6岁)  “Love is when someone hurts you. And you get so mad but you don’t yell at them because you know it would hurt their feelings.” — Samantha, age 6   “爱是虽然他把你气得发疯,你也不会对他喊叫,因为你怕伤害了他的感情。”——萨曼塔(6岁) /201108/148255I.Q. scores have been measured since 1916, when Alfred Binet developed his intelligence scale. He graduated the scale in the following way:IQ Scores130+ Very superior120+ Superior110+ Above average99+ Average80+ Below average70+ BorderlineLess than 70 Extremely low.Items included in IQ tests range from spatial awareness where you have to match patterns, to number sequences, and words. There is a free IQ testing site online.IQ tests used to be standardized but now they are designed by many different organizations in an attempt to measure certain qualities in candidates. For example, Mensa, the High IQ Society, sets its own test which is very difficult in parts. One example of a Mensa question:Take these letters:C E I L M E R S SForm two different 8 letter words from these letters. Each word must use all the letters.Intelligence and personality have been combined to give sten and z-scores. These are often used by companies who want to recruit staff with particular traits and abilities.Some very famous celebrities are know for their extremely high IQ level.Bill Gates: GeniusMadonna 140Al Gore 140Hugh Hefner 152Carol Vorderman 154Bill Gates 160Jill St. John 162Jill St. John who claims the highest score on this list was a major American film actress during the 1960's and 1970's. Jill was admitted to the University of California at the age of 14.Psychologists have estimated the IQ scores that some famous historical figures might have attained. This was done by looking at their work and their ideas and the way they put them together.Leonardo da Vinci: Smarter than Bill GatesGeorge Washington 118Napoleon Bonaparte 145Albert Einstein 160Charles Dickens 180Michelangelo 180Leonardo da Vinci 220Leonardo da Vinci earns that massive score for his art but also for his helicopter concept . His solar power diagrams, calculator plans, and studies of plate techtonics. He had none of the modern day scientific equipment and he was way ahead of his time. 自从1916年阿尔弗雷德·比奈(Alfred Binet)发明了智力量表,人类的智商就开始被测量。他把智商得分如下分类:IQ 得分130+ 非常出众120+ 出众110+ 平均之上99+ 平均80+ 平均之下70+ 分界线低于70的人智商极低测量智商的测试范围很广,从要求你搭配图案的空间意识到数字排序以及文字。这里给大家一个免费的测试智商的网站。过去智商测试都是统一标准化的,而今许多组织设计出各种不同的智商测试来衡量各种品质。比如,门萨这一高智商俱乐部就会设定自主测试,而这种考试的有些部分是非常难的。下面是门萨考题中的一个例子:给出下列字母:C E I L M E R S S用以上字母,构成两个完全不同的8字单词。每个单词必须使用所有单词。一个人的智商和个性已经与他是否能做出复杂的词干题和Z分数联系在一起。一些公司经常用这种方式来招募那些有特质、有能力的员工。一些非常出名的名人以他们极高的智商著称。比尔·盖茨:天才麦当娜 140阿尔·戈尔 140休·海弗纳 152卡罗尔·沃德曼 154比尔·盖茨 160吉尔·圣约翰 162这个在榜单上位列首位的吉尔·圣约翰是19世纪六七十年代的美国电影男主角。他14岁就被加利福尼亚大学录取。心理学家对一些著名的历史人物的智商进行了推测,依据是他们的成就和思想以及他们将思想赋予行动的方式。莱昂纳多·达·芬奇:比比尔盖茨更聪明乔治·华盛顿 118拿破仑·波拿巴 145艾伯特·爱因斯坦 160查尔斯·狄更斯 180米开朗基罗 180莱昂纳多·达·芬奇 220莱昂纳多·达·芬奇得分如此之高不仅因为他在艺术上的成就,还因为他对直升飞机的概念。他设计出太阳能图表,拟定计算器计划,还对板块构造学(plate tectonics 此处应为作者笔误)颇有研究。在没有当代科学设备的情况下,达芬奇的成就早已超越他所在的时代。 /200808/46279

  A Forever Friend 永远的朋友 "A friend walks in when the rest of the world walks out." "别人都走开的时候,朋友仍与你在一起。” Sometimes in life, 有时候在生活中, You find a special friend; 你会找到一个特别的朋友; Someone who changes your life just by being part of it. 他只是你生活中的一部分内容,却能改变你整个的生活。 Someone who makes you laugh until you can't stop; 他会把你逗得开怀大笑; Someone who makes you believe that there really is good in the world. 他会让你相信人间有真情。 Someone who convinces you that there really is an unlocked door just waiting for you to open it. 他会让你确信,真的有一扇不加锁的门,在等待着你去开启。 This is Forever Friendship. 这就是永远的友谊。 when you're down, 当你失意, and the world seems dark and empty, 当世界变得黯淡与空虚, Your forever friend lifts you up in spirits and makes that dark and empty world suddenly seem bright and full. 你真正的朋友会让你振作起来,原本黯淡、空虚的世界顿时变得明亮和充实。Your forever friend gets you through the hard times,the sad times,and the confused times. 你真正的朋友会与你一同度过困难、伤心和烦恼的时刻。 If you turn and walk away, 你转身走开时, Your forever friend follows, 真正的朋友会紧紧相随, If you lose you way, 你迷失方向时, Your forever friend guides you and cheers you on. 真正的朋友会引导你,鼓励你。 Your forever friend holds your hand and tells you that everything is going to be okay. 真正的朋友会握着你的手,告诉你一切都会好起来的。And if you find such a friend, 如果你找到了这样的朋友, You feel happy and complete, 你会快乐,觉得人生完整, Because you need not worry, 因为你无需再忧虑。 You have a forever friend for life, 你拥有了一个真正的朋友, And forever has no end. 永永远远,永无止境。To see what patterns of behavior most Americans consider "normal", I asked an ad agency--whose researchers are experts in uncovering consumer buying habits and motivation--to tell me how Americans wash their hair, go to bed, change a tire. In some instances, the results are entirely predictable; in others, downright surprising. Four times as many men as women hug their spouse first thing when they walk in the door after work. When no one's around, men are also more likely to drink straight from a carton or bottle. And they're more likely to salt food without tasting it first.There are some other glaring male/female differences. Who'd have guessed women are more likely to squeeze the toothpaste tube from the middle--or worse, from the top!Although both men and women swear an average of 16 times a day (much more if we have kids), courtesy lives in America. Most men let women get off the elevator before them. When it comes to opening the car door for the opposite sex--a sign of chivalry--a full 70% of men usually do. And most people acknowledge a sneeze: only 13% remain mute. (Most folks prefer "God bless you.")It's on the road where we really demonstrate good manners. If upset with another driver, 54% of us do nothing. Less-popular responses: shouting dirty words (17%), making angry gestures (16%), and the rest: flashing our lights.When it comes to changing a tire, we're fairly self-reliant. More than a third of female road warriors would tackle it themselves, although 6% of female drivers with a flat confess they'd simply stand there and "look pathetic and hope someone would help." But before chests are puffed out thish manly pride, consider this: twice as many men as women hail a cab for a trip of less than two blocks.We're lazy in other areas too. 90% of us use an alarm clock to wake up in the morning. Most of us rarely change our answering-machine message, and almost a quarter of us slip into our shoes without untying them. And while more than one out of then shop for Christmas year-round, 22% of men and 9% of women putting off until the last day or two.Americans are compulsive about cleanliness. Almost half of us change the toweles daily or after every shower. On the other hand, 21% of us don't make the bed every day--and 5% admit they never do!There's a lot of diversity out there. So, whatever you prefer, remember there's always someone else on this planet just like you. /200902/63338

  ARIES 白羊座The rushing Ram will want a quick and entertaining . Short stories and thrillers suit the turbo-charged Aries. Favorite books could include Edgar Allen Poe's stories, and some of Stephen King's shorter works.白羊座喜欢快速愉快的阅读,适合阅读短篇小说或恐怖小说,最喜欢艾伦-坡的小说和史蒂芬-金的一些篇幅短小的文章。TAURUS 金牛座The patient Bull won't have a problem plodding through educational books or drawn-out suspense thrillers. While some people need to the last page first, you can wait to reach the climactic end of an Agatha Christie book, and you'll appreciate every moment of Russian masters like Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky.耐心的金牛座读枯燥的教育性书籍或漫长的悬念小说一点问题都没有。他们可以等待阿加莎-克里斯蒂的作品中的高潮慢慢到来,对俄罗斯文学大师托尔斯泰和陀斯妥耶夫斯基的作品也有着浓厚的兴趣。GEMINI 双子座Bored easily and always y to learn, the Twins will dive into short stories, educational books, fiction or cartoons. You'll anything from Shakespeare to Updike to Simon Singh and finish off the day by going through C.S. Lewis' complete Chronicles of Narnia.双子座随时准备学习,短篇小说、教育性书籍、小说或卡通读物无不涉猎,但也比较容易厌倦,可能一天之内就读了从莎士比亚、厄普代克到西蒙-辛格的书,而且最后还把C.S. 刘易斯的《纳尼亚传奇》浏览了一遍。 /201109/152557

  Breaststroke 蛙泳   Breaststroke is the slowest of the four official styles in competitive swimming, but it is commonly agreed that it is by far the most difficult to do correctly. The history of breaststroke goes back to the Stone Age. The leg action of the breaststroke may have originated by imitating the swimming action of frogs. 蛙泳是竞技游泳的四种标准泳姿中最慢的一种,但它却是公认最难做得标准的一种。蛙泳的起源可以追溯到石器时代。蛙泳中腿部蹬水的动作很可能是模仿青蛙的泳姿而来。 /201108/147503。

  1. Please don't take sleeping pills or tranquilizers just before you go to bed or your snoring will probably get worse!不要吃安眠药或者镇静剂,这只会让你的打鼾更严重!2. If you are overweight, one of the ways that you can lessen snoring is to lose weight. You will find that if you lose some weight, the snoring will lessen as well. 如果你的体型太胖,那么你还可以通过减肥来治疗你的打鼾。当你发现你减肥有效的时候,那么你的鼾声也会相应的减小。3. It is important to drink milk, eat cheese, or have any other dairy product before you go to bed. Dairy products tend to build up mucus in the system (the back of the throat), which actually makes snoring worse! 睡觉前吃一些牛奶、奶酪之类的乳制品很重要。不过乳制品会让你分泌更多粘液,从而让你的鼾声更甚!4. Sticking to a regular sleep routine will help combat snoring. It is also important to try and sleep on your side (if at all possible). 保持规律的睡眠和侧卧的睡姿都是消灭打鼾的重要因素。5. Sometimes, nasal strips will work. These are meant to open the nasal passages, making it more difficult for snoring to emerge. 止鼾贴片也能帮你消灭打鼾。止鼾贴片是通过帮助你保持鼻道畅通的方式,来帮你止鼾。6. If you smoke, than please stop! Try not to smoke right before you go to bed because it causes irritation within the throat, which will make snoring more obvious. If you can't stop smoking, try not to smoke before you go to bed. 如果你吸烟的话,那么请戒烟吧!睡觉之前抽烟会刺激你的喉咙,会让你更容易打鼾。如果实在没法戒烟的话,那么尽量不要在睡觉前抽烟吧。 /201107/146094

  The evil eye is the power some people are supposed to have to harm people or their possessions by merely looking at them. According to superstition, an evil person who has this power may use it to cause such misfortune as death, illness, or property damage. A person may also have the evil eye without knowing it and cause harm without intention. To avoid the evil eye, many people utter such phrases as “God bless you” or wear blue beads or other protective charms. Several popes were said to be the bearers of the evil eye. Pope Pius Ⅸwas one. Pope Leo XⅢ, his successor, was said to have the evil eye because so many cardinals died during his reign.据一种迷信的说法,有人长有魔眼,只须看人一眼,就能使之患病或丧生。或看一眼别人的财产,就能使之损坏。有人长有魔眼,但自己不知道,所以虽无恶意,但仍能造成伤害。为避免魔眼的伤害,人们会说“上帝保佑”,或戴蓝色的珠子或别的吉祥物。有几个教皇据说长有魔眼,例如庇护九世。继任的利奥十三世据说也是如此,他在任期间死了好几个枢机主教。 /200906/75982

  How Bad Are iPods for Your Hearing?Hearing loss is more common than ever before. About 16% of American adults have an impaired ability to hear speech, and more than 30% of Americans over age 20 — an estimated 55 million people — have lost some high-frequency hearing, according to a new study published Monday in the Archives of Internal Medicine. The finding has got experts — and concerned parents — wondering anew: Does listening to loud music through headphones lead to long-term hearing loss? Brian Fligor, director of diagnostic audiology at Children's Hospital Boston, explains how much damage your headphone habit might cause — and how to mitigate your risk.在现在的社会,听力丧失越来越普遍了。《内科医学文献》周一发表的一份调查研究显示,约16%的美国成年人对日常对话的听力削弱了,近30%的20周岁以上的年轻人,人数大约在55,000,000,已经丧失了对部分高频率声音的听觉。这项发现重新引起了相关人士及专家的担心:长时间通过耳机听大音量的音乐是否会导致人的听力丧失?来自波士顿儿童医院的听力学诊断教授,Brian Fligor解释了耳机听音乐的习惯会给你造成多大的影响,以及如何减轻听力丧失的风险。Q: How much hearing loss does an iPod cause?A: It depends on the person, it depends on how long you're listening, and it depends on the level at which you're setting your iPod.Q:iPod在多大程度上导致了听力丧失?A:那取决于个人,取决于你每次听音乐多长时间,以及你在iPod上设置的音量水平。If you're using the earbuds that come with an iPod and you turn the volume up to about 90% of maximum and you listen a total of two hours a day, five days a week, our best estimates are that the people who have more sensitive ears will develop a rather significant degree of hearing loss — on the order of 40 decibels (dB). That means the quietest sounds audible are 40 dB loud. Now, this is high-pitched hearing loss, so a person can still hear sounds and understand most speech. The impact is going to be most clearly noted when the background-noise level goes up, when you have to focus on what someone is saying. Then it can really start to impair your ability to communicate.如果你戴着耳机听iPod,并且将音量设置在90%或以上,每天大约听2小时,一个礼拜有五天,天天如此,我们最好的估计是,谁拥有更敏感的耳朵,谁的听力丧失的程度就更大-以40分贝为准。这意味着最安静的时候, 你能听到40分贝的声音。这是一种对高声调的声音听力丧失,所以她/他仍可以听清楚并且明白大多数的日常对话。这种听力丧失的影响在背景噪音水平上升时表现的最明显,此时你不得不集中注意力才能听清楚某人的讲话。然后,它开始削弱你的社交能力。This would happen only after about 10 years or so or even more of listening to a personal audio device. One patient I had used his headphones instead of earplugs when he was on his construction job. He thought as long as he could hear his music over the sound of his saws, he was protecting his ears — because he liked the sound of his music but didn't like the sound of the construction noise. He had a good 50 dB to 55 dB of noise-induced hearing loss at 28 years old. We asked a few pointed questions about when he was having difficulty understanding people, and his response was classic. "When I'm sitting at home with the TV off, I can understand just fine," he said, "but when I go out for dinner, I have trouble."这种情况只会发生在用随身听听音乐10年或者10年以后。我曾经遇到过这样一个病人,他是建筑行业的,当他工作的时候总是戴着耳塞听音乐,他认为只要他听的是音乐声,而不是电锯的噪音,就可以保护他的耳朵——因为他喜欢的是音乐而不是建筑施工时的噪音。在28岁的时候,他已经因噪音诱发了50~55分贝的听力丧失。我们问了一些关键性的问题,关于他在与人交流过程中遇到的困难,他给了一个典型的回答,“当我坐在家里,电视机没有打开的情况下,我可以很好的明白人们的交谈。”他说道,“但是当我去赶赴宴会时,我就会有很大的麻烦。”There is huge variation in how people are affected by loud sound, however, and this is an area where a number of researchers are conducting studies. Certainly a huge part of this is underlying genetics. We know how much sound causes how much hearing loss based on studies that were conducted in the late '60s and early '70s, before employers were required to protect workers' hearing in noisy work environments. What was found is that when people are exposed to a certain level of noise every day for a certain duration, they're going to have a certain degree of hearing loss on average. But the amount of hearing loss might differ by as much as 30 dB between people who had the toughest ears and those with the most tender ones — a huge variation. Unfortunately, we don't know who has the tougher ears and who has the tender ones until after they've lost their hearing. So, as a clinician, I have to treat everyone as if they had tender ears.这巨大的变化体现了噪音对人的影响有多大,然而,同时这是一个许多研究者正在努力的方向。当然,这里有很大一部分是属于遗传学的。我们得知的多大程度的声音导致多大程度的听力丧失,是基于六十年代末和七十年代初,雇主尚未被要求在喧嚣的工作环境中保护工人的听力的情况下的研究。我们发现,当人们长期的暴露在某一特定噪音水平环境中,他们平均都会有一定程度的听力丧失。但是,人与人之间听力丧失的程度不同,那些耳朵比较强健的人与耳朵与较柔嫩的人相比,差异可达30分贝。不幸的是,我们直到那些人失去了听力,也还不知道他们谁的耳朵比较强健,谁的比较柔嫩。那么,作为一个临床医师,我必须认真地对待每个人,将他们的耳朵都当做是柔嫩的。 /200902/63068

  • 咨询诊疗佛山那个医院治疗男人生殖器
  • 顺德中医院男科专家
  • 佛山市第二人民医院男科预约百度共享
  • 龙马中文佛山第二医院不孕不育多少钱
  • 妙手口碑伦教医院要预约吗
  • 顺德乐从医院泌尿系统在线咨询
  • 佛山做包皮去哪家医院QQ卫生
  • 挂号卫生佛山新世纪医院泌尿科咨询
  • 顺德区新世纪男科治疗睾丸炎多少钱
  • 顺德新世纪地址在哪光明热点
  • 佛山顺德区医院怎么预约
  • 健康分类佛山男科需要多少费用
  • 佛山市看男科医护典范佛山妇幼保健院男科预约
  • 佛山新世纪医院男科怎么样?
  • 佛山市新世纪医院看男科怎么样
  • 佛山做包皮多少钱
  • 时空助手佛山三甲性功能
  • 南海区前列腺炎多少钱
  • 佛山新世纪泌尿专科割包皮手术价格
  • 佛山市中医院割包皮多少钱
  • 顺德妇幼保健医院男科挂号
  • 飞度新闻佛山市三水区人民医院男科咨询
  • 平安大全佛山男科哪里可靠普及在线
  • 佛山市中医医院割包皮多少钱365晚报佛山治疗膀胱炎需要多少钱
  • 知道媒体佛山三水区治疗早泄哪家医院最好天涯大全
  • 佛山新世纪医院割包皮全过成多少钱
  • 佛山市南海区第七人民医院看男科怎么样
  • 顺德区第二人民医院男科最好的医院
  • 佛山人民医院预约
  • 南庄里水九江丹灶镇治疗阳痿早泄
  • 相关阅读
  • 佛山做包皮手术去哪里
  • ask网佛山哪里可以治疗鸡巴弯曲的医院
  • 高明区治疗尿道炎多少钱
  • 58优惠佛山妇幼保健院是公立医院吗?
  • 佛山哪家医院治手抖管诊疗
  • 佛山市新世纪医院男科医生
  • 百家典范佛山市割包皮多少钱
  • 佛山新世纪医院前例炎
  • 佛山新世纪医院中医生科
  • 京东典范高明中医院有泌尿科吗健分享
  • 责任编辑:豆瓣常识

    相关搜索

      为您推荐