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WEEKLY ADDRESS: President Obama Marks Fourth Anniversary of Hurricane Katrina; Will Visit New Orleans Later This YearWASHINGTON – In this week’s address, President Barack Obama remembered the tragedy of Hurricane Katrina, described what his administration has done to boost the Gulf Coast recovery effort, and said that he will visit New Orleans before the end of the year. As the Gulf Coast recovers, we must learn the lessons of Katrina, so that our nation will be more protected and resilient in the face of disaster – whether it’s from a hurricane, earthquake, wildfire, pandemic, or terrorist attack.听力文本:This weekend marks the fourth anniversary of Hurricane Katrina’s devastation of the Gulf Coast. As we remember all that was lost, we must take stock of the work being done on recovery, while preparing for future disasters. And that is what I want to speak with you about today.None of us can forget how we felt when those winds battered the shore, the floodwaters began to rise, and Americans were stranded on rooftops and in stadiums. Over a thousand people would lose their lives. Over a million people were displaced. Whole neighborhoods of a great American city were left in ruins. Communities across the Gulf Coast were forever changed. And many Americans questioned whether government could fulfill its responsibility to respond in a crisis, or contribute to a recovery that covered parts of four states.Since taking office in January, my Administration has focused on helping citizens finish the work of rebuilding their lives and communities, while taking steps to prevent similar catastrophes going forward. Our approach is simple: government must keep its responsibility to the people, so that Americans have the opportunity to take responsibility for their future. That is the work that we are doing. To date, eleven members of my Cabinet have visited the Gulf Coast, and I’m looking forward to going to New Orleans later this year. To complete a complex recovery that addresses nearly every sector of society, we have prioritized coordination among different federal agencies, and with state and local governments. No more turf wars – all of us need to move forward together, because there is much more work to be done.I have also made it clear that we will not tolerate red tape that stands in the way of progress, or the waste that can drive up the bill. Government must be a partner – not an opponent – in getting things done. That is why we have put in place innovative review and dispute resolution programs to expedite recovery efforts, and have freed up hundreds of millions of dollars of federal assistance that had not been distributed. This is allowing us to move forward with stalled projects across the Gulf Coast – building and improving schools; investing in public health and safety; and repairing broken roads, bridges and homes. And this effort has been dramatically amplified by the Recovery Act, which has put thousands of Gulf Coast residents to work.As we complete this effort, we see countless stories of citizens holding up their end of the bargain. In New Orleans, hundreds of kids just started the school year at Langston Hughes elementary, the first school built from scratch since Katrina. The St. Bernard Project has drawn together volunteers to rebuild hundreds of homes, where people can live with dignity and security. To cite just one hopeful indicator, New Orleans is the fastest growing city in America, as many who had been displaced are now coming home.As we rebuild and recover, we must also learn the lessons of Katrina, so that our nation is more protected and resilient in the face of disaster. That means continuing to rebuild hundreds of miles of levees and floodwalls around New Orleans, and working to strengthen the wetlands and barrier islands that are the Gulf Coast’s first line of defense. In Washington, that means a focus on competence and accountability – and I’m proud that my FEMA Administrator has 25 years of experience in disaster management in Florida, a state that has known its share of hurricanes. And across the country, that means improving coordination among different agencies, modernizing our emergency communications, and helping families plan for a crisis.On this anniversary, we are focused on the threat from hurricanes. But we must also be prepared for a broad range of dangers – from wildfires and earthquakes, to terrorist attacks and pandemic disease. In particular, my Administration is working aggressively with state and local governments – and with partners around the world – to prepare for the risk posed by the H1N1 virus. To learn more about the simple steps that you can take to keep you and your family safe from all of these dangers, please visit www.y.gov.So on this day, we commemorate a tragedy that befell our people. But we also remember that with every tragedy comes the chance of renewal. It is a quintessentially American notion – that adversity can give birth to hope, and that the lessons of the past hold the key to a better future. From the streets of New Orleans to the Mississippi Coast, folks are beginning the next chapter in their American stories. And together, we can ensure that the legacy of a terrible storm is a country that is safer and more prepared for the challenges that may come. Thank you. 08/82848本演讲暂无音频Statement by the President on Legislation to Address Crisis in Financial Markets Over the weekend, members of my Administration and congressional leaders worked on legislation to address the crisis in our Nation's financial markets. They made good headway toward a bill that can pass the House and Senate in a timely manner, and the American people appreciate their efforts.Obviously, there will be differences over some details, and we will have to work through them. That is an understandable part of the policy making process. But it would not be understandable if Members of Congress sought to use this emergency legislation to pass unrelated provisions, or to insist on provisions that would undermine the effectiveness of the plan. I appreciate Members of Congress in both parties resisting the urge to do so, and keeping the rescue bill focused on solving the crisis in our financial markets.Americans are watching to see if Democrats and Republicans, the Congress and the White House, can come together to solve this problem with the urgency it warrants. Indeed, the whole world is watching to see if we can act quickly to shore up our markets and prevent damage to our capital markets, businesses, our housing sector, and retirement accounts.Failure to act would have broad consequences far beyond Wall Street. It would threaten small business owners and homeowners on Main Street.Everyone recognizes that it's not easy to write a bill of this magnitude in a timely manner, and all those who have worked so hard over the weekend and continue this morning deserve the thanks and appreciation of every American. Working together, I am confident we can enact the legislation necessary to prevent lasting damage to our economy and meet the unique challenge facing us today.200809/49937It is in this spirit and with this thought that we have grown more and more aware,基于这种精神和这种思想,我们日益明确地感到,more and more certain that the part we wished to play was the part of those who mean to vindicate and fortify peace.以前我们所希望充当的,乃是那些有意于维护与巩固和平的人们所扮演的角色。We have been obliged to arm ourselves to make good our claim to a certain minimum of right and of freedom of action.我们迫不得已,只有武装自己,以求实现我们对某种最低限度的权利和行动自由所提出的要求。We stand firm in armed neutrality since it seems that in no other way we can demonstrate what it is we insist upon and cannot forget.看来,我们似乎没有其他什么途径能够表明,我们所坚持和难以忘怀的东西乃为何物,We may even be drawn on, by circumstances, not by our own purpose or desire,既然如此,我们就只有坚定不移地保持武装中立,我们甚至有可能为形势所迫,to a more active assertion of our rights as we see them and a more immediate association with the great struggle itself.不得不更加积极地维护我们自己所理解的权利,更加直接地卷入这场重大的斗争。But nothing will alter our thought or our purpose. They are too clear to be obscured.这当然决非我们的本意和愿望。但是,任何东西都不能改变我们的想法和目标。我们的想法和目标甚为清楚,不会遭到遮蔽;They are too deeply rooted in the principles of our national life to be altered.它们深深地植根于我们国民生活的各项原则之中,因而不会被改变。We desire neither conquest nor advantage. We wish nothing that can be had only at the cost of another people.我们既无意进行征,也不想从中渔利。对于任何只有牺牲他国人民的利益才能获得的东西,我们都毫无兴趣。We always professed unselfish purpose and we covet the opportunity to prove our professions are sincere.我们向来表白自己无意于自私自利,我们也渴望得到机会来明我们的表白确实具有诚意。There are many things still to be done at home, to clarify our own politics and add new vitality to the industrial processes of our own life,在国内,我们还有许多事情要去做。我们需要净化我们自己的政治生活,为我们的工业生活补充新的活力。and we shall do them as time and opportunity serve, but we realize that the greatest things that remain to be done must be done只要有适宜的时机我们就要进行这些工作。我们也认识到,那些有待完成的最重大的事情,with the whole world for stage and in cooperation with the wide and universal forces of mankind, and we are making our spirits y for those things.必须以整个世界为舞台,在全人类各种力量的合作之下才能完成。目前我们正在为这些事情作好精神准备。We are provincials no longer.我们不再是地方性的居民。The tragic events of the thirty months of vital turmoil through which we have just passed have made us citizens of the world.我们刚刚经历的为时三十个月的巨大动荡中所发生的种种悲剧性事件,已经使我们成为世界性的公民。There can be no turning back. Our own fortunes as a nation are involved whether we would have it so or not.开弓已无回头箭,我们作为一个国家的运气,取决于我们自己要把它变成一个什么样的国家。And yet we are not the less Americans on that account.不过,即便如此,我们也不会变得不像美国人。We shall be the more American if we but remain true to the principles in which we have been bred.只要我们仍然忠实于滋养我们成长的各项原则,我们就会更像美国人。They are not the principles of a province or of a single continent.这些原则并非仅只属于某个地区或某个大陆,We have known and boasted all along that they were the principles of a liberated mankind.我们向来都知道并始终引以为荣的是,这些原则属于获得了自由的整个人类。These, therefore, are the things we shall stand for, whether in war or in peace:因此,无论是战时还是和平时期,我们都要坚持下述原则。That all nations are equally interested in the peace of the world and in the political stability of free peoples, and equally responsible for their maintenance;所有国家都对世界的和平与各自由民族的政治稳定拥有同等的利益,都同样有责任对这两者加以维护;02/445067

21世纪杯全国英语演讲比赛 第四名 美国经典英文演讲100篇总统演讲布莱尔首相演讲美国总统布什演讲快报 200808/46602

General Douglas MacArthur: Thayer Award Acceptance Addressdelivered 12 May 1962, West Point, NY"Duty, Honor, Country"[AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text version below transcribed directly from audio.]General Westmoreland, General Grove, distinguished guests, and gentlemen of the Corps!As I was leaving the hotel this morning, a doorman asked me, "Where are you bound for, General?" And when I replied, "West Point," he remarked, "Beautiful place. Have you ever been there before?"No human being could fail to be deeply moved by such a tribute as this [Thayer Award]. Coming from a profession I have served so long, and a people I have loved so well, it fills me with an emotion I cannot express. But this award is not intended primarily to honor a personality, but to symbolize a great moral code -- the code of conduct and chivalry of those who guard this beloved land of culture and ancient descent. That is the animation of this medallion. For all eyes and for all time, it is an expression of the ethics of the American soldier. That I should be integrated in this way with so noble an ideal arouses a sense of pride and yet of humility which will be with me always: Duty, Honor, Country. Those three hallowed words reverently dictate what you ought to be, what you can be, what you will be. They are your rallying points: to build courage when courage seems to fail; to regain faith when there seems to be little cause for faith; to create hope when hope becomes forlorn.Unhappily, I possess neither that eloquence of diction, that poetry of imagination, nor that brilliance of metaphor to tell you all that they mean. The unbelievers will say they are but words, but a slogan, but a flamboyant phrase. Every pedant, every demagogue, every cynic, every hypocrite, every troublemaker, and I am sorry to say, some others of an entirely different character, will try to downgrade them even to the extent of mockery and ridicule.But these are some of the things they do. They build your basic character. They mold you for your future roles as the custodians of the nation's defense. They make you strong enough to know when you are weak, and brave enough to face yourself when you are afraid. They teach you to be proud and unbending in honest failure, but humble and gentle in success; not to substitute words for actions, not to seek the path of comfort, but to face the stress and spur of difficulty and challenge; to learn to stand up in the storm but to have compassion on those who fall; to master yourself before you seek to master others; to have a heart that is clean, a goal that is high; to learn to laugh, yet never forget how to weep; to reach into the future yet never neglect the past; to be serious yet never to take yourself too seriously; to be modest so that you will remember the simplicity of true greatness, the open mind of true wisdom, the meekness of true strength. They give you a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, a vigor of the emotions, a freshness of the deep springs of life, a temperamental predominance of courage over timidity, of an appetite for adventure over love of ease. They create in your heart the sense of wonder, the unfailing hope of what next, and the joy and inspiration of life. They teach you in this way to be an officer and a gentleman. And what sort of soldiers are those you are to lead? Are they reliable? Are they brave? Are they capable of victory? Their story is known to all of you. It is the story of the American man-at-arms. My estimate of him was formed on the battlefield many, many years ago, and has never changed. I regarded him then as I regard him now -- as one of the world's noblest figures, not only as one of the finest military characters, but also as one of the most stainless. His name and fame are the birthright of every American citizen. In his youth and strength, his love and loyalty, he gave all that mortality can give.He needs no eulogy from me or from any other man. He has written his own history and written it in red on his enemy's breast. But when I think of his patience under adversity, of his courage under fire, and of his modesty in victory, I am filled with an emotion of admiration I cannot put into words. He belongs to history as furnishing one of the greatest examples of successful patriotism. He belongs to posterity as the instructor of future generations in the principles of liberty and freedom. He belongs to the present, to us, by his virtues and by his achievements. In 20 campaigns, on a hundred battlefields, around a thousand campfires, I have witnessed that enduring fortitude, that patriotic self-abnegation, and that invincible determination which have carved his statue in the hearts of his people. From one end of the world to the other he has drained deep the chalice of courage.As I listened to those songs [of the glee club], in memory's eye I could see those staggering columns of the First World War, bending under soggy packs, on many a weary march from dripping dusk to drizzling dawn, slogging ankle-deep through the mire of shell-shocked roads, to form grimly for the attack, blue-lipped, covered with sludge and mud, chilled by the wind and rain, driving home to their objective, and for many, to the judgment seat of God.I do not know the dignity of their birth, but I do know the glory of their death.They died unquestioning, uncomplaining, with faith in their hearts, and on their lips the hope that we would go on to victory.Always, for them: Duty, Honor, Country; always their blood and sweat and tears, as we sought the way and the light and the truth.And 20 years after, on the other side of the globe, again the filth of murky foxholes, the stench of ghostly trenches, the slime of dripping dugouts; those boiling suns of relentless heat, those torrential rains of devastating storms; the loneliness and utter desolation of jungle trails; the bitterness of long separation from those they loved and cherished; the deadly pestilence of tropical disease; the horror of stricken areas of war; their resolute and determined defense, their swift and sure attack, their indomitable purpose, their complete and decisive victory -- always victory. Always through the bloody haze of their last reverberating shot, the vision of gaunt, ghastly men reverently following your password of: Duty, Honor, Country. The code which those words perpetuate embraces the highest moral laws and will stand the test of any ethics or philosophies ever promulgated for the uplift of mankind. Its requirements are for the things that are right, and its restraints are from the things that are wrong.The soldier, above all other men, is required to practice the greatest act of religious training -- sacrifice.In battle and in the face of danger and death, he discloses those divine attributes which his Maker gave when he created man in his own image. No physical courage and no brute instinct can take the place of the Divine help which alone can sustain him.However horrible the incidents of war may be, the soldier who is called upon to offer and to give his life for his country is the noblest development of mankind.You now face a new world -- a world of change. The thrust into outer space of the satellite, spheres, and missiles mark the beginning of another epoch in the long story of mankind. In the five or more billions of years the scientists tell us it has taken to form the earth, in the three or more billion years of development of the human race, there has never been a more abrupt or staggering evolution. We deal now not with things of this world alone, but with the illimitable distances and as yet unfathomed mysteries of the universe. We are reaching out for a new and boundless frontier.We speak in strange terms: of harnessing the cosmic energy; of making winds and tides work for us; of creating unheard synthetic materials to supplement or even replace our old standard basics; to purify sea water for our drink; of mining ocean floors for new fields of wealth and food; of disease preventatives to expand life into the hundreds of years; of controlling the weather for a more equitable distribution of heat and cold, of rain and shine; of space ships to the moon; of the primary target in war, no longer limited to the armed forces of an enemy, but instead to include his civil populations; of ultimate conflict between a united human race and the sinister forces of some other planetary galaxy; of such dreams and fantasies as to make life the most exciting of all time.And through all this welter of change and development, your mission remains fixed, determined, inviolable: it is to win our wars.Everything else in your professional career is but corollary to this vital dedication. All other public purposes, all other public projects, all other public needs, great or small, will find others for their accomplishment. But you are the ones who are trained to fight. Yours is the profession of arms, the will to win, the sure knowledge that in war there is no substitute for victory; that if you lose, the nation will be destroyed; that the very obsession of your public service must be: Duty, Honor, Country.Others will debate the controversial issues, national and international, which divide men's minds; but serene, calm, aloof, you stand as the Nation's war-guardian, as its lifeguard from the raging tides of international conflict, as its gladiator in the arena of battle. For a century and a half you have defended, guarded, and protected its hallowed traditions of liberty and freedom, of right and justice.Let civilian voices argue the merits or demerits of our processes of government; whether our strength is being sapped by deficit financing, indulged in too long, by federal paternalism grown too mighty, by power groups grown too arrogant, by politics grown too corrupt, by crime grown too rampant, by morals grown too low, by taxes grown too high, by extremists grown too violent; whether our personal liberties are as thorough and complete as they should be. These great national problems are not for your professional participation or military solution. Your guidepost stands out like a ten-fold beacon in the night: Duty, Honor, Country.You are the leaven which binds together the entire fabric of our national system of defense. From your ranks come the great captains who hold the nation's destiny in their hands the moment the war tocsin sounds. The Long Gray Line has never failed us. Were you to do so, a million ghosts in olive drab, in brown khaki, in blue and gray, would rise from their white crosses thundering those magic words: Duty, Honor, Country.This does not mean that you are war mongers.On the contrary, the soldier, above all other people, prays for peace, for he must suffer and bear the deepest wounds and scars of war.But always in our ears ring the ominous words of Plato, that wisest of all philosophers: "Only the dead have seen the end of war."The shadows are lengthening for me. The twilight is here. My days of old have vanished, tone and tint. They have gone glimmering through the dreams of things that were. Their memory is one of wondrous beauty, watered by tears, and coaxed and caressed by the smiles of yesterday. I listen vainly, but with thirsty ears, for the witching melody of faint bugles blowing reveille, of far drums beating the long roll. In my dreams I hear again the crash of guns, the rattle of musketry, the strange, mournful mutter of the battlefield.But in the evening of my memory, always I come back to West Point.Always there echoes and re-echoes: Duty, Honor, Country.Today marks my final roll call with you, but I want you to know that when I cross the river my last conscious thoughts will be of The Corps, and The Corps, and The Corps.I bid you farewell.200606/753912/93331The President's vision to "Win the Future" spelled out in his State of the Union Address was not one founded on vague dreams of a brighter day ahead -- it was founded on ideas, advancements, and principles aly cropping up across the country that can help keep America on top if we only stand by them. Read the Transcript | Download Video: mp4 (205MB) | mp3 (20MB) 201102/124940

Good morning. Election Day is around the corner, and one of the biggest issues at stake in this campaign is your taxes. Here is my philosophy: I believe that our economy grows and the American Dream reaches more citizens when you keep more of what you earn. With more money in your pocket, it is easier for families to afford a good education, it is easier for young people to afford the down payment on a home of their own, and it's easier for small business owners to go out and invest and create jobs.So my administration and the Republican Congress enacted the largest tax relief since Ronald Reagan was in the White House. We cut taxes for every American who pays income taxes. We doubled the child tax credit. We reduced the marriage penalty. We cut taxes on small business. We cut taxes on capital gains and dividends to promote investment and jobs. And to reward family businesses and farmers for a lifetime of hard work and savings, we put the death tax on the path to extinction.Now the results of these tax cuts are in. The tax cuts we passed have left more than a trillion dollars in the hands of American workers, families, and small businesses, and you have used that money to fuel a strong and growing economy. Last year, our economy grew faster than any other major industrialized nation. This week, we learned that our economy grew by 1.6 percent during the third quarter of this year. As we expected, this rate is slower than in previous quarters. Yet the evidence still points to a vibrant economy that is providing more jobs and better wages for our workers and helping reduce the federal deficit.Since August 2003, the American economy has created more than 6.6 million new jobs, including over 1.7 million jobs in the past 12 months alone. Real take-home wages are up by 2.2 percent over the past year, which means an extra ,300 for the typical family of four with two wage earners. And the economic growth spurred by tax cuts has helped reduce the deficit. Tax revenues have soared as the economy has grown, allowing us to meet our goal of cutting the federal deficit in half -- three years ahead of schedule.All these signs point to one conclusion: Cutting your taxes worked. Unfortunately, the Democrats are still determined to raise your taxes, and if they gain control of the Congress, they can do so without lifting a finger. Under current law, many of the tax cuts we passed have to be renewed by Congress or they will expire. In other words, if Congress fails to act, your taxes will automatically go up. If Democrats take control of the House, the committee in charge of all tax legislation would be chaired by a Democrat who recently said he "cannot think of one" of our tax cuts that he would extend. And if there's no legislation to renew and extend the tax cuts, every tax rate will go back up to its old, higher level.Take just one example: If Democrats have their way, the child tax credit will be cut in half -- from ,000 per child to just 0 per child. And think of what that means for your family. Next time you're having dinner at home, look around the table and multiply the number of children you have by 0. That's how much more you will be sending to Washington in taxes if Democrats take control of the Congress. If you have two children, that is an extra ,000 the Democrats will add to your tax bill every year. If you have three children, that's an extra ,500. If you have four children, that's an extra ,000. That may not seem like a lot to Democrats in Washington, but for working families across America, that is real money.The decision you make on Election Day will have a direct impact on America's economy and on your family budget. So this coming week I'll be traveling across America, and I'll be carrying this message: Whether you're a worker earning a paycheck, or a small business owner who's thinking about hiring more workers, or a family worried about gas prices or health care costs, the last thing you need now is a higher tax bill. To keep this economy growing and delivering prosperity to more Americans, we need leaders in Washington who understand the importance of letting you keep more of your money, and making the tax relief we delivered permanent.Thank you for listening. around the corner: 即将到来的200703/10707President Bush Discusses Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 THE PRESIDENT: Thank you all. (Applause.) Thank you very much. David, thank you for the introduction, and thank you for the warm welcome. I'm pleased to be here at Guernsey Office Products. I want to thank all of you all for working hard to make this visit as comfortable as it is. It's not easy to host the President; I understand. (Laughter.) But thank you very much, David, for being an entrepreneur, a dreamer, a doer, and for providing people stable work.It's interesting to know that Guernsey is a trusted name throughout the Washington area. You sell everything from office supplies to coffee products to furnishings. David is a good marketer; he said, listen, I understand you're going to be retiring here pretty soon. (Laughter.) Do you need some furniture in your new digs in Texas? (Laughter.)I met David at the White House earlier and it was my honor to welcome him to the White House compound. And I appreciate you welcoming me here to your business.I know that small businesses like Guernsey around the nation are feeling the impact of the financial crisis. And I appreciate you giving me a chance to come and visit with you about what the government is going to do, how we're going to address the challenge, and how we're going to get this economy back on track.There's no doubt that people from all walks of life and all aspects understand that we're having serious times. Families are squeezed by the high price of gasoline, and feeling the pinch of food prices and monthly mortgage payments. Workers are anxious about whether their paychecks will stretch. Some workers are anxious about whether or not they're going to keep their jobs.We also know that we're the most dynamic economy in the world, that we have been through tough times before, and that we're going to come through this time again. Our entrepreneurial system has delivered unparalleled levels of productivity and growth and prosperity. During my presidency, we have faced tough times after the terrorist attack of 9/11 and we came through strongly. And we're going to come through this. No question the times are tough, but no question America will emerge. And yet, we got some work to do, and that's what I want to share with you.The immediate challenge facing the economy is a lack of credit. The problem became clear when the housing market declined, and complex financial assets related to home mortgages dropped in value. People put together securities based upon mortgages, and when the mortgage's value went down, so did those securities. And this led banks that owned the securities to suffer losses. And then they found themselves short on capital. Some banks have failed. And other banks, in reaction, have restricted lending to businesses and to each other. And that's the definition of a credit crunch: people just are not lending.Nations around the world, especially in Europe, are facing severe shortages of their own. So this isn't a problem just in the ed States; it's a problem that is worldwide.To some people, the credit crunch might sound simply like technical talk; it's a technical matter. But the people who work in Guernsey, you understand that credit is the fuel that drives economic expansion and job creation. And here's how: See, when credit runs dry in one part of our economy, there's a chain reaction. So you want to sell a desk to somebody. That person needs to borrow the money in the short term to buy the desk. And yet, because the credit has tightened, because some banks are lending, a potential customer doesn't have the money to buy your desk, and that affects you. So a lot of the talk that you're hearing about credit crunches applies directly to your business here at Guernsey. It hurts your suppliers. It affects the entire economy.Similar stories play out not only in businesses like Guernsey, but all across the economy. And if the credit crunch were allowed to worsen, the outcome would become much worse, with widesp job losses, and this country could be in possibly a painful and deep recession.So I decided to do something about it. As you know, I'm a market-oriented person. I believe markets ought to be allowed to work -- until I was convinced that this time the government needed to act, and needed to act boldly, in the face of a significant problem. So I went to Congress and I asked Congress to pass a rescue package. And there were some tough moments in the negotiations, as you might remember. Nevertheless, Republicans and Democrats did come together to pass a good bill that will enable us to handle this challenge head on.Now, the plan will provide the government a range of tools to help banks rebuild capital, for example, so they can help move credit that will enable people to buy your desks; that it will make it more likely people are going to have less job insecurity. When you're building desks and selling desks, you find work and you keep work.The bill ensures that responsible, hardworking Americans are protected. I mean, one thing is for certain, we don't want your money to reward failed executives. There's oversight as the bill gets implemented. In other words, people in Washington will worry whether there's too much power in the Treasury, therefore, let's have reasonable oversight. And I agree, I think that makes a lot of sense.It temporarily expands federal insurance; bank and credit union deposits of up to 0,000. That's important. In essence, it's a safeguard for a lot of small businesses and a lot of families. In other words, if you've got cash in a bank of up to 0,000, it's safe. The FDIC has never failed to make good on its promise, and it won't fail to make good on its promise.These are urgently needed steps. They will help bring stability to the volatile markets. They'll help protect 401(k)s and retirement accounts. And as the markets begin to stabilize, it will help markets overseas.I have been in close contact with European leaders -- I was on the phone with them this morning -- to ensure that our actions are closely coordinated. We live in a globalized world. We want to make sure that we're effective at what we do. Once we made the decision that there is a role for the federal government to move to stabilize the markets we want to make sure that all of us move in the best coordinated way as possible.Interestingly enough, the finance ministers from the G7 and other leading nations will be here in Washington this weekend to make sure that the response is coordinated.It's going to take time for these actions that I've described to you in the bill to have full effect. You want to make sure that when we move, we move effectively. You want to make sure that the plan is well thought-out and well delivered. Thawing the freeze in the financial system is not going to happen overnight, but it will be a process that unfolds over several stages. And obviously the first stage began last Friday, when I signed the rescue package into law.And so the Treasury Department is moving aggressively to implement the new authorities. In the meantime, the Federal Reserve and the FDIC will use their powers to help stabilize the markets. Just this morning, the Federal Reserve announced action to provide additional liquidity to credit markets. The federal government moved -- Federal Reserve moved to try to free up liquidity so that this credit crisis begins to unwind.A few weeks from now the main elements of the new legislation will begin to kick into gear. And as banks rebuild their capital, they'll be able to increase lending to each other and begin approving new loans for families and businesses. It's not going to happen all at once; it will be a gradual process and it's going to take time to have its full effect.As the banking sector and the market for troubled assets recover, the government will begin to recoup some of the taxpayers' funds invested in the recovery. In other words, some of these assets that were taken are at a depressed value. Home ownership -- homeowners -- home prices are down, the value of the assets are down. Eventually, we expect that much, if not all, of the tax dollars will be recouped.The financial troubles are the most urgent challenges facing our economy today, but they're not the only ones. And we'll spend a little time talking about them, and then I'll be glad to answer some questions if you have any.One pressing concern is obviously the cost of energy. The cost of energy affects families, but it affects businesses as well, like Guernsey, which rely on energy to ship and make your products. High energy costs obviously are attributable to the high price of oil and natural gas. And that's why this administration, in working with Congress, has dramatically expanded funding for research into alternatives, including hybrid car batteries, fuels like ethanol and biodiesel, solar and wind power, and safe and nuclear power -- safe and clean nuclear power.The rescue package I signed last week extended tax incentives to alternative energy sources. In other words, the rescue package was just not aimed at dealing with the financial issues; it was aimed at dealing with the energy issues, too, to help encourage alternative energy so we become less dependent on foreign oil. However, in the meantime, we need to be drilling. I mean, I'd rather us drill here than send our money overseas. And we can do so in environmentally friendly ways. Congress responded to the will of the people by lifting the ban on offshore energy exploration, which is good. It's going to take a while to go through all the permitting and all the environmental regulations, but nevertheless, a step was -- a positive step was taken to become less dependent on foreign oil.Another issue is home foreclosures, and there's a smart way to deal with that. The truth of the matter is, people -- some people bought home far beyond their means. Some people bought homes to simply speculate. But there's also a lot of sensible homeowners who can make ends meet with just a little bit of help, and that's what we want. We want people -- to help people stay in their homes. And so we've created what's called HOPE NOW, which brings together homeowners, lenders, mortgage services and others to find ways to prevent foreclosures, to help people work through the current mortgage issues.I told you that mortgages were bundled up into securities that banks bought, and as those securities went down in value, it affected the banks' balance sheets. Well, interestingly enough, when you securitize mortgages and sell them, it means that the people who originated your mortgage is -- no longer owns the paper. And so a lot of people say, who can I talk to to help me refinance my home? Where do I go? And so the HOPE NOW allowance -- Alliance is an opportunity to say to folks, here's how you can find ways to renegotiate your paper -- renegotiate your note. And it's working.And by the way, we got another initiative out of the Federal Housing Administration, and all these programs have so far helped more than 2 millions Americans stay in their homes. In other words, there's an ongoing attempt to help people who need just a little help to be able to pay off their mortgages. And by the way, most people are paying off their mortgages, which ultimately means these mortgage-backed securities, the value that we may end up owning will be recouped. And that's why I say there's a good chance the taxpayers will get their money back.Every American knows the burden of taxes. During the tough economic time, that burden falls especially hard. A lot of people are wondering whether or not their taxes are going to go up. One of the interesting things about the package I signed is that it does prevent the Alternative Minimum Tax from kicking in, which would have cost 26 million Americans ,200 apiece. During this economic uncertainty, we don't need to be raising taxes.200810/52225

John F. Kennedy: "Ich bin ein Berliner" ("I am a 'Berliner'") [AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text version below transcribed directly from audio. (2) ]I am proud to come to this city as the guest of your distinguished Mayor, who has symbolized throughout the world the fighting spirit of West Berlin. And I am proud -- And I am proud to visit the Federal Republic with your distinguished Chancellor who for so many years has committed Germany to democracy and freedom and progress, and to come here in the company of my fellow American, General Clay, who -- who has been in this city during its great moments of crisis and will come again if ever needed.Two thousand years ago, two thousand years ago, the proudest boast was "civis Romanus sum." Today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is "Ich bin ein Berliner."(I appreciate my interpreter translating my German.)There are many people in the world who really don't understand, or say they don't, what is the great issue between the free world and the Communist world.Let them come to Berlin.There are some who say -- There are some who say that communism is the wave of the future.Let them come to Berlin.And there are some who say, in Europe and elsewhere, we can work with the Communists.Let them come to Berlin.And there are even a few who say that it is true that communism is an evil system, but it permits us to make economic progress.Lass' sie nach Berlin kommen. Let them come to Berlin. Freedom has many difficulties and democracy is not perfect. But we have never had to put a wall up to keep our people in -- to prevent them from leaving us. I want to say on behalf of my countrymen who live many miles away on the other side of the Atlantic, who are far distant from you, that they take the greatest pride, that they have been able to share with you, even from a distance, the story of the last 18 years. I know of no town, no city, that has been besieged for 18 years that still lives with the vitality and the force, and the hope, and the determination of the city of West Berlin.While the wall is the most obvious and vivid demonstration of the failures of the Communist system -- for all the world to see -- we take no satisfaction in it; for it is, as your Mayor has said, an offense not only against history but an offense against humanity, separating families, dividing husbands and wives and brothers and sisters, and dividing a people who wish to be joined together.What is -- What is true of this city is true of Germany: Real, lasting peace in Europe can never be assured as long as one German out of four is denied the elementary right of free men, and that is to make a free choice. In 18 years of peace and good faith, this generation of Germans has earned the right to be free, including the right to unite their families and their nation in lasting peace, with good will to all people.You live in a defended island of freedom, but your life is part of the main. So let me ask you, as I close, to lift your eyes beyond the dangers of today, to the hopes of tomorrow, beyond the freedom merely of this city of Berlin, or your country of Germany, to the advance of freedom everywhere, beyond the wall to the day of peace with justice, beyond yourselves and ourselves to all mankind.Freedom is indivisible, and when one man is enslaved, all are not free. When all are free, then we look -- can look forward to that day when this city will be joined as one and this country and this great Continent of Europe in a peaceful and hopeful globe. When that day finally comes, as it will, the people of West Berlin can take sober satisfaction in the fact that they were in the front lines for almost two decades.All -- All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin.And, therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words "Ich bin ein Berliner."200606/7541My fellow citizens: the four years which have elapsed since last I stood in this place have been crowded with counsel and action of the most vital interest and consequence.同胞们:自从上次我站在这里发表演说到今天,已有四年时光悄然流逝,在这四年当中,我们提出了许多计划,采取了许多行动,桩桩件件都涉及至关重要的利益,而且产生了深远的影响,Perhaps no equal period in our history has been so fruitful of important reforms in our economic and industrial life这期间我们在经济和工业生活领域实行许多重要的改革,取得了累累硕果;or so full of significant changes in the spirit and purpose of our political action.而且我们的政治活动在精神和目标方面也发生了意义深远的变化,这或许是我国历史上任何时期都难以比拟的。We have sought very thoughtfully to set our house in order, correct the grosser errors and abuses of our industrial life,我们经过非常周密的考虑,力求整伤我们的各项事务,纠正我国工业生活中许多十分严重的错误和弊端,liberate and quicken the processes of our national genius and energy, and lift our politics to a broader view of the peoples essential interests.进一步解放和激发了全国人民的才智与活力,更加开阔我们的政治视野,使之更广泛地反映人民的根本利益。It is a record of singular variety and singular distinction.这是一份举世无双、卓尔不群的记录。But I shall not attempt to review it. It speaks for itself and will be of increasing influence as the years go by.但我并不打算对它进行回顾。因为它是不言自明的,而且其影响也会随岁月的流逝而不断增强。This is not the time for retrospect. It is time rather to speak our thoughts and purposes concerning the present and the immediate future.现在不是回顾过去的时候。现在所要做的毋宁是谈谈我们有关当前和不远的将来的一些想法和打算。Although we have centered counsel and action with such unusual concentration and success upon the great problems of domestic legislation四年前,我们曾提出许多国内立法的重大问题,to which we addressed ourselves four years ago, other matters have more and more forced themselves upon our attention这期间我们一直致力于就这些问题制订方案,采取行动,并且取得了非凡的胜利,但是,其他一些事情也日益引起我们的关注,matters lying outside our own life as a nation and over which we had no control, but which, despite our wish to keep free of them,这些事情处于我们本国生活之外,我们也无法加以控制,然而,尽管我们不愿与此有什么瓜葛,have drawn us more and more irresistibly into their own current and influence.但我们却愈益受到牵连,被难以抗拒地卷入这些事情的漩涡,因此而受到很大的影响。It has been impossible to avoid them. They have affected the life of the whole world.我们一直无法摆脱这些问题。它们已经影响到整个世界的生活。They have shaken men everywhere with a passion and an apprehension they never knew before.它们在世界各地的人民中间引起强烈震撼,人们情绪动荡,惊恐不安,这乃是前所未见的现象。It has been hard to preserve calm counsel while the thought of our own people swayed this way and that under their influence.我国人民的思想受到它们的影响而摇摆不定,此时已很难保持头脑冷静。We are a composite and cosmopolitan people. We are of the blood of all the nations that are at war.我国人民来自世界各地,成份复杂,所有参战国家的血统都存在于我们当中。The currents of our thoughts as well as the currents of our trade run quick at all seasons back and forth between us and them.我们与他们之间不仅在贸易上,而且在思想方面一年四季都有着迅速的往来和交流。The war inevitably set its mark from the first alike upon our minds, our industries, our commerce, our politics and our social action.因此,战争从一开始就不可避免地在我们的心灵上,在我们工业、商业、政治及社会活动各个领域,都打上了印记。To be indifferent to it, or independent of it, was out of the question.对此不论是漠然置之,还是超然物外,都是完全不可能的。And yet all the while we have been conscious that we were not part of it.尽管如此,我们却始终意识到我们并非参战国。In that consciousness, despite many divisions, we have drawn closer together.由于保持这种意识,我们虽然存在种种分歧,但仍然更为紧密地走到了一起。We have been deeply wronged upon the seas, but we have not wished to wrong or injure in return;我们在海上受到了十分粗暴无礼的对待,但我们却一直不愿以虐待或伤害的方式进行还击。have retained throughout the consciousness of standing in some sort apart, intent upon an interest that transcended the immediate issues of the war itself.我们自始至终都保持着清醒的头脑,做到置身局外,密切关注一种超乎与战争本身直接相关的各种问题之上的利益。As some of the injuries done us have become intolerable we have still been clear即便在对我们的某些伤害已变得难以容忍的时候,我们仍然十分清楚地认识到,that we wished nothing for ourselves that we were not y to demand for all mankind我们既然尚未准备为全人类争取公平交往、fair dealing, justice, the freedom to live and to be at ease against organized wrong.正义、生存自由以及不受有组织的邪恶的侵扰,我们自己也就无复他求。02/445031It will be my sincere and constant desire to observe toward the Indian tribes within our limits a just and liberal policy,我真诚和长久地希望对在我们的限制之内的印第安部落奉行一个公正和宽容的政策。and to give that humane and considerate attention to their rights,and their wants which is consistent with the habits of our Government and the feelings of our people.并给予他们的权利和需要以人道和细致的关心。他们的需要是和我们政府的惯例和人民的感情相一致的。The recent demonstration of public sentiment inscribes on the list of Executive duties,最近的公众意愿显示在执政者的职责之中,in characters too legible to be overlooked,the task of reform,以清晰且不可忽略的字眼加上了改革的任务。which will require particularly the correction of those abuses that have brought the patronage of the Federal Government into conflict with the freedom of elections,此任务特别要求纠正那些给联邦政府赞助与选举自由之间带来矛盾的恶习,and the counteraction of those causes which have disturbed the rightful course of appointment,以及抵消那些扰乱正当的任命程序和,and have placed or continued power in unfaithful or incompetent hands.把权力给予或保留在不忠之力之手中的因素。In the performance of a task thus generally delineated I shall endeavor to select men whose diligence,and talents在执行如此总体确定的任务时,我应该努力选择那些其勤奋和天资will insure in their respective stations able and faithful cooperation,将保在各自岗位上的得力和忠诚的合作的人们。depending for the advancement of the public service more on the integrity and zeal of the public officers than on their numbers.为了改进公众务,我们要更多依靠公务员的正直和热情而非他们的人数。A diffidence,perhaps too just,一种也许过于正当的,in my own qualifications will teach me to look with reverence to the examples of public virtue left by my illustrious predecessors,关于我自己的任职资格的信心不足将教我以崇敬之心看齐我显赫的前任们留下的公共美德的楷模。and with veneration to the lights that flow from the mind that founded and the mind that reformed our system.以尊重之意面对那源自创立和改革我们体制的思想的光辉。The same diffidence induces me to hope for instruction and aid from the coordinate branches of the Government,同样的信心不足使我期望政府协调部门的指导和辅助,and for the indulgence and support of my fellow citizens generally.以及同胞们总体的宽容和持。And a firm reliance on the goodness of that Power whose providence mercifully protected our national infancy,并且坚定地依赖那神圣力量的恩赐,他的眷顾保护过我们国家的幼年时代,and has since upheld our liberties in various vicissitudes,并从此在多次兴衰中保护我们的自由,encourages me to offer up my ardent supplications that He will continue to make our beloved country the object of His divine care and gracious benediction.这鼓励我热情地请求他将继续把我们可爱的国家作为他神圣关切及和蔼祝福的对象。02/436184

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