明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年11月22日 16:36:05
Believe it or not, astrobiologist Penny Boston is searching for life on Mars by dropping deep into this heart of darkness. This is a lava tube, a subterranean cave formed by underground lava flows during volcanic eruptions that occurred thousands of years ago. And Boston has someone she wants us to meet. Sometimes they are in crevices. Sometimes they are kinda hard to see. Is this one, the scary monster reveals itself? Ah! There is one. Actually no. This is an extremophile. We are looking for what we astrobiologyists call extremophiles in this environment. That means that they are organisms that are living in very difficult conditions. In this particular case, these organisms are living in a very cold cave right around freezing. They are making their living without benefit of sunlight and there is almost nothing to eat in this cave. In recent years, scientists have discovered tenacious microorganisms living in all forms of extreme environments. So if on Earth, why not on Mars? We think that Mars is covered with lava tubes. We believe that by looking at organisms that live in these extreme circumstances on Earth, we can learn a lot about what to look for on Mars; and that, similar Martian organisms may be able to persist on Mars in places very similar to this lava tube. To find out, Dr. Boston has created her own little Mars environment biospheres, essentially exposing a range of microscopic Earth life forms to various elements to be expected on Mars. They have been subjected to Mars-like levels of high ultraviolet radiation, and Mars-like temperature cycles. We have given them atmosphere compositions from very low levels of carbon dioxide with nothing else to, perhaps, 1/10 the density of Earth's atmosphere, and tested them under those conditions. And so far, she's isolated 36 different strains of organism that thrive quite happily. So in theory at least, life could survive the harsh conditions of Mars except for one problem. There is one thing for sure that we know, and that is that all forms of life on our planet require liquid water. We don't know if that's going to be true on other planets. But we think that where there is going to be life, there is going to have to be water. 12/93268谷歌在华广告代理商联名致函谷歌说,如果谷歌关闭旗下的中文搜索引擎,它们的业务将陷入危险,并要求谷歌给代理商合理的解决方案。《华尔街日报》马塞洛·普林斯(Marcelo Prince)报道。201003/99032

美国一项最新健康报告指出,餐馆和小食店所提供的大多数食物含盐量过高,超过推荐的人体必需摄入量,这将造成健康问题。中老年人如果每日摄入的盐量过多,还会造成高血压等疾病。What some restaurants tout as "specials," the food police call "toxic" for their salt content.What we found was shocking, even for people like me who've been immersed in this issue for 30 years.The non-profit Center for Science in the Public Interest, a health advocacy group, tracked meals at chain restaurants,finding some contained more than three times the amount of salt that's recommended on a daily basis. The Red Lobster Admiral's Feast of lobster, mashed potato, ceasar salad, a biscuit and lemonade totaled just over 7,000 milligrams of salt. Chili's Buffalo Chicken Fajitas, with tortillas, condiments and a Dr. Pepper, almost 7,000. Olive Garden's Tour of Italy Lasagna with a b stick, family size garden salad and dressing and a Coca-Cola? Over 6,000 milligrams. And the report targets kids' s. The Red Lobster chicken fingers with a biscuit, fries and raspberry Salt is pretty dangerous, because it can lead to high blood pressure which leads to heart attack and stroke, and it also can worsen the condition of people who have heart failure.The American Heart Association recommends adults have less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day, which amounts to a teaspoon. For African-Americans, middle aged and older adults and people with high blood pressure, the recommended limit is 1,500 milligrams.Red Lobster, Olive Garden and Chili's did not dispute the findings, but told CNN they offer options to people watching calories and sodium intake. A restaurant trade group supports listing nutritional information, and says restaurants have been cutting sodium levels.We need to recognize that people go to restaurants for a variety of reasons. Sometimes, it's for convenience. Sometimes, it's an occasional indulgence, and it's not something they would consume every day.05/69919

India Launches First Unmanned Mission to Moon印度22日头一次发射探月太空船  India has launched its first unmanned mission to the Moon. The mission is a major boost to the country's space program, as India joins Asian nations China and Japan in exploring the Moon. 印度发射了第一艘无人探月飞船,从而加入了中国和日本的行列,成为另一个对月球进行探测的亚洲国家。这次发射是印度太空计划的一次重要进展。The unmanned Chandayaan-1 spacecraft blasted off from a launch pad in Sriharikota in southern India, shortly after dawn, Wednesday, as the nation watched on television. 星期三凌晨,无人驾驶的“月球飞船一号”从印度南部斯里赫里戈达岛的发射台上轰然起飞,印度全国通过电视转播观看了发射。Scientists applauded and hugged each other. The head of the Indian Space Research Organization, G. Madhavan Nair, calls it a perfect launch and says everything is going according to plan. 科学家们鼓掌欢呼并互相拥抱。印度太空研究组织的领导人马达范·奈尔说这是一次成功的发射,并且说一切都按照计划进行。"It's a historic moment, as far as India is concerned…..We have started our journey to the Moon and the first leg of the journey has gone perfectly well," said Nair. "It's a remarkable performance by the launch vehicle, every parameter was on the dot….Today what we have started is a remarkable journey for the Indian spacecraft to go to the Moon and try to unravel the mysteries of the Moon."  他说:“对印度来说,这是历史性的一刻。我们已经开始月球之旅,而旅程的第一步骤走得都很完美。发射器的表现十分出色,每一个参数都十分准确。我们今天开始的是印度探月太空飞船的精采旅程,并且尝试著揭开月球的神秘面纱。”It was clearly a moment of celebration for scientists in charge of the mission. 对于主持这项任务的科学家们,这显然是欢庆的一刻。"This is the beginning of a new era…..Words don't come, OK…..today it is a red-letter day…our baby is on the way to the moon," one scientist could be heard saying. “这是新时代的开始。言语难以形容。今天是重要的一天。我们的宝贝飞船正在飞往月球的路上。”The Chandrayaan-I, which means Moon Vehicle, is being sent on a two-year mission to orbit the Moon and scan its chemical and mineral composition. A key objective will be to look for water. The spacecraft carries 11 instruments. Five are Indian, three are from the European Space Agency and two from the ed States. A gadget from the spacecraft will land on the Moon to pick up some dust for analysis. 月球飞船一号背负著两年的计划,将循环月球轨道,并且扫描其化学与矿物成分。探索水分将是重要的目标之一。这艘太空飞船运载著11台仪器。其中有5台来自印度,3台来自欧洲太空局,两台来自美国。太空飞船上的一台设备将登陆月球,收集一些尘土以供分析。This is India's first space mission beyond the Earth's orbit. If successful, the million project will be a major step forward for India's space program. 这是印度的第一次超越地球轨道的太空任务。如果成功的话,这项耗资7千9百万美元的飞行任务将使印度的太空计划向前迈进一步。It is also being seen as an effort by India to catch up with Japan and China, which have aly sent unmanned spacecraft to orbit the Moon. In particular, China has been forging ahead in space exploration, putting astronauts in space and carrying out its first spacewalk. 也被视为印度要追上日本与中国的一项努力。日本与中国已经送出无人驾驶飞船环绕月球轨道飞行。中国尤其已经在太空探测上取得领先,太空人跨出太空舱,并且实行了太空漫步。India, too, has drawn up ambitious programs. It plans to send an astronaut into space by 2014 and a manned mission to the Moon by 2020. 印度也制定出雄心勃勃的计划。它计划在2014年之前让太空人跨出太空舱,并且在2020年之前实现月球登陆。India started its first space program in 1963, developing its own satellites and launch vehicles, and has a foot-hold in the multibillion-dollar commercial space-launch business. 印度在1963年开始其太空计划,发展了自己的卫星以及发射太空飞船,并且跨足拥有几百亿美元商机的商业太空飞船发射生意。200810/53776


  Mumbai Terror Attacks Heighten Tensions Between India, Pakistan孟买恐怖袭击导致印巴关系紧张  India has formally demanded strong action from Pakistan against those behind the terror attacks in Mumbai. The attacks have heightened tensions between the South Asia nuclear-armed rivals after India accused Pakistan-based militants of carrying out the terror strikes. 印度正式要求巴基斯坦对发动孟买恐怖袭击的人采取强硬行动。在印度指责以巴基斯坦为基地的激进分子发动这次恐怖袭击之后,这次事件使南亚这两个对立的核武国家关系更加紧张。The Indian foreign ministry summoned Pakistan's envoy in New Delhi, Shahid Malik, Monday to inform him that last week's terrorist attacks in Mumbai were carried out by "elements from Pakistan." 印度外交部星期一召见了巴基斯坦驻新德里大使马立克,通知他上星期发生在孟买的恐怖袭击是由“巴基斯坦的人员”实施的。New Delhi told Pakistan's ambassador that it wants strong action against those responsible. It said Islamabad's "actions need to match the sentiments expressed by its leadership that it wishes to have a qualitatively new relationship with India." 新德里对巴基斯坦大使说,印度要巴基斯坦对肇事者采取严厉行动。它说,巴基斯坦当局表示它希望同印度保持高质量的新型关系,那么伊斯兰堡的“行动应当同这一态度一致。”Indian officials said the well planned assault was mounted by terrorists trained by the Pakistan-based militant group called Lashkar-e-Taiba. About 10 to 15 heavily armed gunmen attacked different targets across India's business hub last week, killing and wounding hundreds of people. 印度官员说,这次精心策划的攻击事件是由设在巴基斯坦的激进组织“虔诚军”训练的恐怖份子进行的。上个星期,大约10至15名全副武装的手袭击了印度商业枢纽的不同目标,导致数百人伤亡。Pakistan has denied any involvement by its state agencies and vowed to cooperate in the investigation. 巴基斯坦否认其国家机构卷入这次恐怖袭击,并誓言要全力合作进行调查。India's junior foreign minister Anand Sharma has called the attacks a setback to the process of normalization of relations between the two countries. 印度外交国务部长夏尔马说,这次袭击造成印度和巴基斯坦两国关系正常化的进程出现倒退。"In what I can say was an assault on the dignity of the Indian nation state came from outside India and there are Pakistani links which are very clear and elements from Pakistan and forces and groups from there," he said.  夏尔马说:“我只能说,这是践踏印度的尊严,这次袭击来自印度以外,很清楚是和巴基斯坦有联系的,还有巴基斯坦的一些人员,武装力量和组织。”The accusations by India have fueled fears of a sharp deterioration in relations between the two countries, and the possibility of heightened tensions along their borders. 印度的指责让人们担心,印度和巴基斯坦两国关系将出现严重的恶化,以及两国边境局势可能进一步紧张。However, a strategic analyst at New Delhi's Center for Policy Research, Bharat Karnad, said New Delhi is unlikely to do what it did following a deadly assault on its parliament by Pakistan-based militant groups in 2001 when it massed troops along its border, bringing the two countries to the brink of war. "I doubt very much whether this government has the will to get into a punitive mode, and order any kind of military counteraction or something of the kind. That won't happen. But yes relations are in tatters for the moment and that will be the case for a while now," he said.Pakistan has aly indicated that if tensions with India escalate, it may move troops from its Afghan border to the Indian border. 巴基斯坦表示,如果同印度的紧张关系升级,它可能把军队从阿富汗边境调到印度边境。U.S. Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice is expected to discuss the terror attacks during a visit to India on Wednesday.  美国国务卿赖斯预计将于星期三访问印度,讨论这次恐怖攻击事件。India and Pakistan have fought three wars since their independence from Britain. India blames Pakistan-based groups for training and arming Islamic militants to conduct terror strikes in India and to foment a separatist insurgency in Indian Kashmir. 印度和巴基斯坦从他们摆脱英国殖民统治独立以来已经有过三次交战。200812/57756。

  Bush Says Economic Meltdown Forced Aggressive Intervention布什:金融危机蔓延政府只能干预 President Bush says the ongoing financial crisis has forced him to endorse aggressive government intervention in numerous economic sectors in spite of his core, free market principles. President Bush restated his desire to prevent the U.S. auto industry from going bankrupt, while stressing that federal intervention should be temporary. 布什总统星期四说,尽管他主张自由市场原则,但是由于金融危机持续蔓延,他不得不持在很多经济部门采取激进的政府干预政策。布什重申了防止汽车工业陷入破产的立场。但是,他说,政府对汽车业的干预必须是临时性的。President Bush came into office eight years ago with an agenda of low taxes and limited government. But, in a wide ranging discussion in Washington, Mr. Bush admitted that the economic meltdown of the last year has forced him to set some of those principles aside. 布什总统8年前入主白宫的时候大力倡导低税收、小政府。但是,布什总统现在说,持续肆虐的经济下行迫使他暂时搁置了这些原则。The latest example is a rescue package the administration is contemplating for troubled U.S. automakers. An earlier attempt at a rescue plan passed the U.S. House of Representatives, but the measure failed in the Senate. 最近的一个例子是美国行政当局正在酝酿的对汽车工业的救助方案。早些时候,国会众议院通过了一项救助方案,但是这个议案没能在参议院过关。Mr. Bush noted that the U.S. auto industry employs millions of people, and that it is on the brink of collapse. "I am worried about a disorderly bankruptcy and what it would do to the psychology and the markets," he said. 布什说,雇用了数百万人的美国汽车工业现在处于崩溃边缘。布什说:“我担心汽车工业无序的破产会对人们的心理和市场产生的影响。”Mr. Bush said he intends to act, but has yet to decide how best to do so. 布什说,他计划采取行动,但是尚未决定最佳方案是什么。Earlier this year, Congress approved a 0-billion financial rescue package. Mr. Bush said he disliked the idea of such massive government expenditure and intervention, but that he had been warned of a possible economic catastrophe worse than the Great Depression if no action were taken.  今年早些时候,国会批准了7千亿美元的金融救市计划。布什说,他不喜欢动用庞大政府开干预市场的做法。但是,他接到的警告说,如果政府不采取行动,美国可能会遭遇比大萧条更为严重的经济灾难。The president was speaking at a gathering of the free market policy organization, the American Enterprise Institute. He was asked to respond to accusations from Democrats that his economic agenda sowed the seeds of the financial crisis. 布什总统在主张自由市场的保守派智库美国企业研究所发表演讲时,有人问他如何回应民主党对他经济政策的批评。这些批评者认为,布什的经济政策为金融危机埋下了伏笔。"I'm looking forward to the true history of this financial crisis being written," said Mr.Bush. "No question part of the crisis came about because of excesses in lending in the housing market. My administration early on expressed concern about implicit government guarantees in the mortgage industry, in Fannie and Freddie." 布什回答说:“我期待着了解有关这场金融危机的历史真相。毫无疑问,危机的部分原因来自房地产市场的过度借贷行为。我的政府从一开始就对向房贷部门,房利美和房地美,提供政府担保表达了关注。”Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are government-sponsored mortgage insurers that have benefited from the financial rescue package. 房利美和房地美是获得美国政府持的房贷融资机构。这两家公司接受了政府的金融救助。Mr. Bush added that he understands the frustrations of ordinary Americans whose tax dollars are propping up corporations because of what he described as the "excesses on Wall Street." 布什说,他理解美国民众对于政府用纳税人的钱来救助私人企业表达的不满。The president, whose term ends next month, also expressed disappointment that free trade pacts with Colombia and Panama have not been ratified during his time in office. 即将于明年1月卸任的布什总统还对于他在任内没能看到国会批准美国和巴拿马以及哥伦比亚的自由贸易协定表示失望。200812/59197

  New research reinforces the importance of prenatal iron supplementation for good birth outcomes and continued good health for growing children.最近一些新的研究强调产前补铁对安全分娩和成长中孩子的健康非常重要。Studies over the past 20 years have pointed to the importance of micronutrients - substances found in small amounts in foods that make a big difference. One of the most important micronutrients for pregnant women is iron. Iron is vital to the development of a fetus' central nervous system, says Parul Christian, a nutritionist working at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health.过去20年来的研究指出了微量营养素的重要性。存在于食物中的这些微量元素对身体健康至关重要。对妇非常重要的一种微量元素就是铁。约翰霍普金斯大学公共卫生学院营养专家帕鲁尔·克里斯琴指出,铁对于胚胎的中枢神经系统发育非常重要。"Early iron deficiency can change the neuro-anatomy of the brain, and impact the neuro-chemistry of the central nervous system and brain metabolism, that are important for cognitive development, for sensory-motor development."她说:“早期缺铁,会使脑部组织发生变化,影响中枢神经系统的神经化学以及脑部的新陈代谢。这些部分对认知能力以及感觉运动能力的发展等都很重要。”But providing vitamin and micronutrient supplements to all pregnant women can be a significant financial burden in low income countries. Some experts argue that it's enough to give infants iron supplements after they're born. That was part of the reason Christian and her colleagues decided to study poor women in Nepal a decade ago. Some of the women got supplements without iron and folic acid, another important micronutrient, while others got supplements with both micronutrients.但是在低收入国家里,为所有妇补充维生素和微量元素、以便使婴儿在出生前就受益的做法,是一个沉重的经济负担。有些专家说,婴儿出生以后再补铁,就足够了。这个说法促使克里斯琴10年前开始对尼泊尔的贫穷妇女进行研究。有些妇女得到的营养剂不含铁和另外一种重要微量元素叶酸,有些得到含有这两种重要微量元素的补剂。201101/122808Every week, more children arrive to work in the hundreds of primitive mines in the bush. Here they endure long hours at dangerous jobs, wringing flecks of gold from the dirt with mercury. 每周,越来越多的儿童来到丛林里的数百个原始矿山工作。他们每天在这种危险的环境下工作很长时间,从带有水银的泥沙中淘出金沙。One of them is a 12-year-old boy named Saliou. Momodou is just 13 years old. This is a region of Africa where boys of Saliou's age are expected to earn money for their families. He works in a bush mine on the Senegal-Mali border in the village of Tenkoto. Senegal prohibits anyone under 18 from doing hazardous work. And mining is among the most hazardous of jobs. According to the UN, mining is one of the worst forms of child labor. However, the laws are seldom enforced. 其中一个是叫Saliou的12岁男孩。Momodou也只有13岁。在非洲的这个地区,像Saliou这么大的男孩都要被送出去为家庭赚钱。他们在塞纳加尔和马里边境上一个叫Tenkoto的小村庄的丛林矿山里工作。马里禁止18岁以下的未成年人从事危险工作,而开矿是最危险的工作之一。联合国称,矿工是最糟糕的童工现象。然而,这项法律却基本上得不到执行。Children travel from mine to mine, moving with the gold. The AP reports that 6 months after Saliou arrived in Tenkoto, it was decided that the mine was nearly depleted. So he and the boys walked for more than a week, crossed the Senegal border and arrived at another mine in Mali. It's the same story here as at the mine in Tenkoto. Teenage boys clamber down mine shafts 30 to 50 meters deep. Younger teens then yank the rocks up with a pulley. Squatting next to a plastic tub, boys of school age pour mercury onto their bare hands. Mercury attracts gold like a magnet. 孩子们随着金子移动,从一个矿山转到另一个矿山。AP报告称,Saliou来到Tenkoto之后6个月,这座矿山就基本上被挖空了。所以,他和其他孩子一起走了一个多星期,穿过塞纳加尔边境,到了马里北部的矿山。这里的情况和Tenkoto一样。孩子们沿着杆子爬到深30到50米的矿井里。年龄稍小一点的用滑轮将岩石一筐一筐的拉出来。这些学龄儿童蹲在塑料管旁边,将水银倒在裸露的手臂上。水银像磁石一样吸引这金子。 The World Health Organization says that mercury is a potent nerve toxin and can affect the brain. It's especially dangerous for children since their nervous systems are still developing. Typical symptoms of mercury poisoning include mental retardation, loss of balance, tremors, blindness and loss of hearing. 世界卫生组织说,水银是强有力的神经毒药,严重者可以影响大脑。为儿童的危险性更大,因为他们的神经系统还在发育。水银中毒的典型症状包括精神迟缓,平衡失调,颤抖,失明,失聪。 “In addition to the actual work that they do is that they carry very heavy loads, they are exposed to chemicals like mercury which cause extreme danger to them, which pose an extreme danger to the nervous system, kidneys, the respiratory system, reproductive system.” “他们除了每天进行高负荷的劳动之外,还暴露在极度危险的化学物质下,这会对他们的神经系统,肾,呼吸系统和再生系统造成很大的危险。”Once the tiny flecks of gold have been extracted, the buyers step in offering roughly per gram. Once the deals are done, the gold is taken to the capital of Mali. Here the price for gold from Tenkoto is almost a gram, nearly more than the buyers pay the miners. 微小的金粒被提取出来之后,买主以大约19美元每克的价格来收购。交易成功之后,这些金子被带到马里首都。在这里,来自Tenkoto的金价大约23美元每克,比买主付给矿工的高出4美元。ed Nations mining experts estimate that 10-20% of the thousands of mine workers in West Africa are children. 联合国采矿专家估计,西非的数千名矿工中有10-20%是儿童。 “Frankly, it's a, it's a very serious problem. We estimate about one million children worldwide are involved in small-scale mining.” “坦白的说,这是非常严重的问题。我们估计,实际上这种小规模的矿井中有大约100万名童工。”Precisely which products contain child-mined gold, no one can say for sure. Unlike a diamond, gold does not keep its identity on its tortuous journey from mine to market. The AP reports one prominent retailer, Tiffany amp; Company, has expressed concern about child labor and frustration that it can't certify its products are free of gold mined by youngsters. Because bush mines, where child labor is ubiquitous, supply a fifth of the world's gold according to the UN, the company realizes its supply lines may well be compromised. Tiffany amp; Company is part of the Council for Responsible Jewellery Practices which was formed to seek ways to help reduce the market for gold mined by children. But the council has found no effective way to enforce compliance. 如果要确切的讲,那些产品中包含童工采集的金子,没人可以给出确定。和转世不同,金子在从矿山到市场的过程中特性会发生变化。AP报告说,一个显著的零售商,Tiffany amp; Company为童工问题感到很担忧,同时表示很沮丧,因为不知道自己出售的金子是不是由童工生产的。由于童工普遍存在的丛林矿山占世界金子供应的五分之一,该公司意识到供应链可能也作出了让步。Tiffany amp; Company是负责人的珠宝行为委员会的成员之一,该组织致力于减少童工采集的金子的市场。但是该委员会至今没有发现有效的方法。For Saliou, the work in the mines goes on. He says he dreams that one day he'll own something made of gold.对Saliou来说,矿山的工作还要继续。他说,他的梦想是,有一天自己也能拥有金子做的东西。07/78090BanyanThe great wave滔天巨浪A look at how Japan views the sea—and itself日本之自身观amp;海洋观解读Jun 2nd 2011 | from the print editionAT AROUND the age of 70, Katsushika Hokusai, still bounding with artistic energy, created “Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji”, a series of ukiyo-e, or woodblock prints. His most famous, since reproduced on everything from Tintin books to tea cups, is “Beneath the Wave off Kanagawa”, painted around 1830.葛饰北斋70岁上下之时,艺术细胞仍然丝毫未减,创作了《富士三十六景》系列浮世绘(也叫做木板水印画)。而他最有名的作品莫过于1830年左右创作的《巨浪下的神户川》了,从丁丁书到茶杯上都可见这部巨作的影子。Most Westerners, when viewing it, focus on the wave itself, which towers over Mount Fuji in a show of almost implacable force, all the more terrifying considering the three fragile boats under it. Neil MacGregor, director of the British Museum, wrote in “A History of the World in 100 Objects” that the picture reflected frightened fishermen and an insecure, cloistered Japan about to be forced by American gunboats into the modern world. But Japanese art critics differ—and they have a point. In the picture the boatmen look more serene than fearful, as their vessels slice through the waves. Their stillness in the face of danger is all the more poignant in Japan, as they have a job to do. They are racing to deliver fresh fish to market, and yet they remain, as far as many Japanese see it, in delicate balance with nature.面对这幅画,大多数西方人关注的都是浪花本身,巨大的浪花高高地盖过富士山脉,显示出近乎无法抵挡的威力,再想想三艘岌岌可危的小船还摇曳在巨浪下,那就更加令人心惊胆战了。大英物馆主任麦克格瑞格在“100物件看世界历史”中如是写道:这幅画展现了在美国炮舰的逼迫下,受到惊吓的日本渔民连同有失稳固而又与世隔绝的日本国一起被迫走向现代化。但是日本艺术家对此提出了不同的看法,他们也有自己的道理。图画中,小船在巨浪中摇曳之时,渔民表现出的平静大于恐慌。因为还有工作要做,所以面对危险,渔民沉着冷静,而这一情况出现在日本就更是令人心酸了。渔民们争先恐后地将鲜鱼运到市场,而在许多日本人看来,渔民一直与自然保持着微妙的平衡。201106/139640

  Katie Scott loooks at Sony's House of the Future at Grand Designs Live and Stuart Miles get a first look at the new HTC Touch Diamond and Audio Pro Porto. Hello and welcome to this latest episode of Megawhat. I’m Katie Scott.We’ve come down to Grand Designs Live in the center of London to get a glimpse of the gadgets of future in the British home. Stay tunes.Hello, and welcome to the Sony House of the Future which is the manufacturer's concept of the type of home we could all be living in in the future. So we are now looking at basically key efficiency and making it most out of facilities in your kitchen. This wok is absolutely amazing. First on my thought when I'm doing it, I was thinking actually I can’t believe, it's actually, happening in front of me. So what I’m gonna to do is gonna take some water from this bottle. This is just normal water. I’ll pour actually over my fingers. So you can see I’m not burning myself, yes, it’s actually cold. That’s a relief. And then what I ‘m gonna to do is, just lift the wok and then put it into, above De Dietrich cradle. And without seeing me out of the camera, what you're seeing now is that the steam coming off aly. The guy who did demo earlier said that this is so much more efficient than anything on the market in terms of electricity and gas. Look! The steam's coming out, but what is so, so incredible is when I actually lift this wok off now. Take it away. Then, it’s not hot ,you thought I was gonna burn myself then, and I didn’t .So that is the De Dietrich wok. Though I’m the most appalling cook, but this oven, I think, might actually save me; it's got the intelligent cooking system. So if I press OK, now it is just turning in. And what you can do, she can go up and down, and basically intelligent cooking system. So OK that. And then you can go up and down on the list, and basically pick what you gonna cook. So let’s pick roast beef medium because your mother-in-law is coming over, and you know you're gonna mess up. Press OK. And basically what it tells you now is how long it’s gonna take to cook, because it allows you to take a measurement of the hunk of meat that you put in that. And you all know its density so, you know, how to get it right, not this said you wants it medium, much parts are rare. And that saying 44 minutes, but say, she is not arriving until a bit later; you can actually change the time. So that your beef is y, exactly when she comes through the door, exactly when you’re giving her a glass of wine, and then you just present this perfectly cooked meal and smile and not mention the amazing cooking system you've got to store away in your kitchen. If you’ve yet to get an iPod dock from a thousand that are aly available and maybe this one might change your mind. It’s the Audio Pro Porto, and it's an iPod dock that comes with a handy carry handle, made from leather. Smells good! It comes in red and black and will cost you/ 180 quids. Speakers at the front promise plenty of sounds. As you can hear its nice, mellow-rounded tunes, and there's a couple of line-ins if you haven't got an iPod in the back. It also get a FM radio and of course the dock comes with a remote control as well as the ability to charge if it’s plugged in. All of that 180 pounds is available now.200812/59897It might be the cheeks flushing with embarrassment or a voice choking with emotion. Our physical reactions can reveal what we truly feel. And some think they can show when someone's lying.Typically when a person tells a lie, they begin to sweat. I'm sure we've all seen the 1940s and 50s interrogation movies where the person in the hot seat has a sweaty brow or a sweaty upper lip or perhaps sweat dripping down from their sideburns."All right, if you lean forward in the chair, put your arms up (in) front of you, like you're gonna dive into a swimming pool. Put this around your stomach. "Jack Trimarco uses physical sensations to probe for truth. His primary tool? The lie detector, or polygraph. "This cuff is just like the one of the doctor."Polygraph, its work's very similar to any other biofeedback instrument. It simply records deviations from a person's physiological norm, such as someone's blood pressure going up and then coming back down, or perhaps a decrease or an increase in pulse rate, or sweat pore activity."Are you sometimes known as Bobbie?""Yes."A polygraph examiner knows what to look for when questioning someone. "D o you intend to be completely truthful with me?""Yes." Any deviation from normal could signal deception. Our body can give us away. "And are you sure that I won't try to trick you on this test?""Yes." We may think we're being cool, but when we're stressed, our network of nerves starts to prepare our body for action as if it's under attack. It's a response that harks back to our ancient ancestors -- fight or flight. It starts by triggering your stress hormone -- adrenalin. Your heart rate increases to pump more blood to your muscles as if you were about to go into battle. Your breathing deepens as vital oxygen reaches your muscles. And you begin to sweat -- the body cools so that you won't overheat when rushed into action. The brain won't let us stop the survival strategy. These basic nervous functions are automatic. That's why a polygraph can often uncover a liar. 1. hot seat: (n., slang) 1. The electric chair used to cause death by electrocution in legal executions. (informal ) 2.A position in which you can easily get into trouble. e.g. A judge in a beauty contest is on the hot seat. 2. sideburns: pl.n.(复数名词)Growths of hair down the sides of a man's face in front of the ears, especially when worn with the rest of the beard shaved off. 连鬓胡子:在耳朵前面沿着脸侧部向下生长的毛发,尤指胡子刮去之后留下的残茬 3. hark back: To return to a previous point, as in a narrative. e.g. he keeps harking back to his music-hall days 4. adrenalin: [生化]肾上腺素5. rush sb into sth参考中文翻译:可能由于尴尬脸会变红,或者由于情绪激动声音会颤抖。我们的身体反应会揭示出我们的真实感受。有人说当有人撒谎时也可以体现出来。特别是当一个人说谎时,就会开始流汗。我确定我们都看过四五十年代的电影,当犯人坐在电椅上接受审讯时,总是会额头冒汗,或者上唇出汗,或者,汗珠从胡子上滴下来。“对,像坐在椅子上一样身体前倾,胳膊放在身前,就好像准备跳入游泳池中的动作。把这个放在胃部周围。”Jack Trimarco 利用身体的反应来探寻真相。他的主要工具是什么?测谎仪。“这就像是医生的探测仪一样的。”测谎仪的工作原理像其他的身体反馈仪器一样。它简单的记录某项身体指标的偏差,比如某人的血压突然升高然后回落,或者脉搏加快或者降低,或者汗腺活动。“你有时候是不是会被认作Bobbie?”“是的。”测谎仪检测者知道问某人问题时应该注意哪些方面。“你打算对我讲真话吗?”“是的。”身体反应的任何偏差都会发出欺骗信号。我们的身体会出卖我们。“你是否确信在这场测试中我不会戏弄你?”“是的。”或许我们认为自己很平静。但是当我们遇到压力时,我们的神经系统使你的身体处于准备好接受袭击的状态。这是可以追溯到我们的祖先的原始反应——还击或逃跑。它从触发你的压力荷尔蒙——肾上腺素开始。心率增加,向肌肉中泵入更多血液,就好象时刻准备战斗一样。呼吸加重,更多的氧气进入血液中。你开始流汗——体温下降,因此当你仓促行动的时候不会流汗过多。大脑不会让我们停止生存策略。这些基本的神经功能是无意识的。这就是测谎仪能找出说谎者的原因。200811/57317

  One is the giant business, whose software powers more than 90% of the world's computers. The other is the firm, which has revolutionised the way many communicate. Now Skype is being swallowed up by Microsoft.微软,一个商业巨头,它占有世界上90%的计算机软件权力,另外这一公司已经革命性地改变了许多交流方式,现在Skype正在被它收购。 It’s just eight years since Skype started helping people to make calls over the internet for nothing,and this the third time it’s been bought and sold.这仅仅是八年自从Skype开始没有任何利益的帮助人们能通过网络进行交流。这已经是第三次它被卖和收购。Microsoft has been struggling to prove it can compete with the likes of Google and Apple.Now as it tries to make an impact on the mobile-phone world,it wants Skype to help it become a bigger force.微软一直在努力地明自己是可以与谷歌和苹果进行竞争的,就象现在微软正试着在手机世界造成一定的影响,它要Skype帮助它成为更强大的一个集团。Skype is now used by 170 million people around the world(each month),not just on their computers,but on the move-on their mobile phones and even on their tablet devices.Skype现在每个月的客户流量达到170万,他们不仅仅在自己的电脑上使用,还把这个用到了他们的手机,甚至移到他们的平板电脑上。Microsoft wants to tap in to this connected community,but it's paying a huge price for a business that isn't even profitable.微软要进入这个网络连接的团体,但它为这一甚至没有利益的商业投入很大的资金。201110/156205

  New York has legalized same sex marriage, making it the sixth U.S state to do so. Gay rights advocates call the vote a major victory in their quest for equality.同性恋婚姻在纽约州已经取得合法化地位,这使得纽约州成为美国第六个实现同性恋婚姻合法化的州。同性恋权利保护者称,这次表决是他们追求平等的道路上取得的一次重大胜利。The New York State Senate approved the legislation Friday night by a vote of 33 to 29, as four Republican lawmakers crossed party lines and voted in favor of the bill. Governor Andrew Cuomo, who had pushed for the bill, quickly signed the legislation into law meaning, pending court challenges, same sex couples can begin legally marrying in New York in 30 days.纽约州参议院6月4日(星期五)以33票对29票的表决结果,批准了同性恋婚姻合法化的法案,其中有四名共和党议员跨越党派,投出了持票。一直在推动这项法案的纽约州长安德鲁.库默随后签署这项法案,使之成为法律。这意味着, 如果无人到法院提出诉讼,同性恋者将可以在30天后开始在纽约州合法结婚。"New York made a powerful statement, not just for the people of New York, but [also for] the people all across this nation. We reached a new level of social justice this evening," Cuomo said.库默州长说:“纽约州发出了一个强有力的声明。这不仅为了纽约州的人民,同时也是为了全国的民众。今晚,我们在社会公正方面达到了一个新的水准。”New York could become a destination for same sex couples wanting to legally marry because the state has no residency requirement for obtaining a marriage license.希望合法结婚的同性恋伴侣可能会前往纽约州结婚,因为纽约州并不要求在该州登记结婚者必须是本州居民。201106/142196。

  Twice a year, day and night, fall into balance, lasting for nearly equal length. Known as equinoxes, Latin for equal night, they occur in March and September and along with solstices mark the changing of seasons as Earth travels around the sun. Astronomers like to describe the equinox within the conceptual celestial sphere. Here the heavens are projected around the Earth, like an enormous planetarium. The model is bisected by the celestial equator, a projection of Earth’s own equator. The equinox occurs at the point at which the sun’s path or ecliptic crosses the celestial equator. In spring it is known as the vernal equinox, and in fall the autumnal equinox. The other two seasonal points on the sun’s path are the two solstices; in the northern hemisphere, the summer solstice marks the longest day of the year, while the winter solstice marks the shortest. The seasonal aligning of the sun has been more than just a unique celestial event for humankind throughout history. Ancient sites like Stonehenge in England and Machu Picchu in Peru have well documented solar alignments during the solstices. Similarly, the equinoxes have been associated with some amazing man-made phenomena. In the ancient Maya city of Chichén Itzá, the great pyramid known as El Castillo is oriented along cardinal axis. During the equinoxes, shadows cast by the railings create the illusion of a writhing serpent body, descending the northern steps where it joins the carved serpent’s head at the base of the stairway. The cultural significance of the fall equinox and changing of seasons continues today, especially in the northern hemisphere, where the autumnal equinox occurs around harvest season. In fact, the full moon nearest the autumnal equinox is commonly referred to as the harvest moon. In China and other Asian countries, this time is celebrated with the mid-autumnal festival; the origins are linked to the birth of the moon goddess and festival traditions revolve around families with reunions and feasts and special moon cakes. In Jewish culture, thanks for the harvest is given during the week-long feast of the tabernacles or Sukkot. Families eat meals in temporary shelters outside, recalling the Israelites' days in the wilderness after the Exodus from Egypt.200810/52860

  World Bank Raises Economic Forecast for China世界提高中国经济增长预测The World Bank says China's economy will grow faster than expected this year, but cautions it is too soon to say a sustained recovery is imminent.世界表示,中国经济今年的增长比预期的要快。但是,现在说中国经济已经开始持续复苏还为时尚早。The World Bank raised its estimate of China's gross domestic product growth this year to 7.2 percent, up from the 6.5 percent projected in March.世界把中国今年国内生产总值(GDP)的增长率预测从3月份的6.5%提高到了7.2%。JumpstartIn its quarterly report released Thursday, the Washington-based lender credits China's 6 billion stimulus program with supporting growth by increasing investment in factories, real estate and public works.总部设在华盛顿的世界在周四公布的中国经济季度报告中指出,中国启动5860亿美元的经济刺激方案,通过扩大在工厂、房地产和公共建设方面的投资来持经济发展。Jing Ulrich, the managing director and chairman of China equities for the investment bank JP Morgan in Hong Kong, says the stimulus program helped jumpstart the world's third-largest economy.李晶(Jing Ulrich)是根大通董事总经理兼中国券市场主席。她说,经济刺激方案帮助推动了中国这个世界第三大经济体的发展。"Now, going forward, the most important thing to watch out for is whether the Chinese domestic consumption can hold up in the face of declining exports," she said. "We think domestic consumption is going to recover incrementally in the next few quarters, mainly because confidence is recovering very strongly in the Chinese economy."“现在,向前看,最需要密切关注的问题是,中国的内需是否能够顶住出口的下降。我们认为,在接下来的几个季度,国内需求会逐步恢复增长。这主要是因为人们对中国经济的信心恢复很快。”Strong growthChina's economy grew 6.1 percent in the first quarter from the same time last year. That is the strongest rate of any major country, but below the government's target of 8 percent and far from 2007's explosive 13 percent.和去年同期相比,中国经济第一季度增长了6.1%。虽然较其他主要国家而言,中国的增长速度最快,但是这一成绩低于政府年8%的增长目标,和2007年13%的爆炸性增长相比更是逊色不少。However, the World Bank cautions that more robust growth in China will have to wait until the global economy and demand for exports also rebound. It says China's trade and private investment will remain weak and consumption will slow.然而,世界提醒说,中国更强劲的增长要等到全球经济和出口需求复苏后才会到来。它说,中国的贸易和私人投资仍然低迷,消费增速预计会缓慢。Ulrich says as the world economy recovers, China's exports also will recover.李晶说,随着世界经济复苏,中国的出口将得以恢复。"Clearly, that's the case. China is the second-largest exporter in the world and what happens in the regional economies, what's happening in the U.S. and Europe really matter a great deal to the Chinese economy," she added. "However, we also must keep in mind, the Chinese economy is fast. It's got 1.3 billion people. Domestic consumption and domestic fixed-asset investments are becoming much more important going forward."“很明显,中国是世界上第二大出口国。在世界各区域经济,美国和欧洲经济上发生的事情对中国经济有重大影响。但是同时,我们也应该考虑到中国经济发展很快。中国有13亿人口。国内消费和国内固定资产投资在未来会变得越来越重要。”The World Bank predicts China's growth in 2010 will rise to 7.7 percent.世界估计,到2010年,中国经济增长速度将升至7.7%。06/75065

  An industry association warns Thailand's tourism business faces staggering losses this year because of the confrontation between anti-government protesters and security forces. Many tourists have canceled travel to Thailand or have fled areas caught up in deadly clashes in the past few days.泰国一个行业协会警告说,泰国反政府示威者跟安全部队的对峙今年将给泰国观光业带来惊人的损失。许多观光客取消了泰国之行,或者逃离了过去几天发生血腥冲突的地区。The Federation of Thai Industries says the political conflict could cost the tourism industry more than billion, after images of deadly clashes between anti-government protesters and security forces were flashed across the world.泰国工业联盟(The Federation of Thai Industries)表示,反政府抗议者和安全部队之间血腥冲突的画面在全世界播放之后,这场政治冲突可能给泰国旅游业造成超过10亿美元的损失。The FTI says hotels, restaurants, souvenir shops and shopping malls near the protest sites would be hardest hit.泰国工业联盟说,受损最严重的将是抗议地点附近的酒店、餐馆、纪念品商店和购物商城。More than 40 countries have issued travel warnings regarding Bangkok.40多个国家发布了跟曼谷有关的旅行警告。Khao San Road is a popular tourist area in the city, and it is close to the location of the worst violence on Saturday, when more than 20 people died, and hundreds injured. 考山路是曼谷市最著名的观光区,它靠近星期六发生最严重暴力事件的地方。有20多人在那次冲突中丧生,几百人受伤。Kumtan drives a tuk-tuk, or small three-wheeled taxi, on Khao San.库姆坦在考山路上开小型电动三轮出租车。Kumtan says foreign travelers will stay away this year because they are afraid. He says is not good and will hit his income hard. 库姆坦说,外国游客害怕发生危险,今年不会到曼谷观光。他说,那将非常糟糕,他的收入会减少很多。The protesters largely support former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, who was ousted in a coup in 2006. They want Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva to resign and call new elections. They began mass protests in the city a month ago.抗议者基本上都持在2006年一次政变中被推翻的前总理他信。他们想要现任总理阿披实下台,并要求举行新选举。抗议者一个月前开始在曼谷举行大规模抗议示威。Even before the violence, hotels in Bangkok reported that 20 percent of their reservations were being canceled by travelers concerned by the protests.即使在暴力事件发生之前,曼谷的酒店就报告说,游客担心发生抗议活动,取消了20%的酒店预定。Tourism industry officials expect visitor arrivals to fall to about 14.5 million this year, one million less than had been expected, because of the protests. Tourism accounts for some six percent of Thailand's national income.旅游业官员预计,由于抗议事件接连不断,今年到达泰国的游客人数将减少到大约1450万人,比先前预计的人数少100百万。旅游收入占泰国GDP大约6%。201004/101284

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