楼主:99互动 时间:2019年11月17日 22:27:31 点击:0 回复:0
The amount of solar power added worldwide soared by some 50% last year because of a sun rush in the US and China new figures show.新的数据显示,去年全球太阳能发电增量提高了50%,主要原因是在于美、中两国的推动。New solar photovoltaic capacity installed in 2016 reached more than 76 gigawatts a dramatic increase on the 50GW installed the year before. China and the US led the surge with both countries almost doubling the amount of solar they added in 2015 according to data compiled by Europe’s solar power trade body.2016年,全球新增太阳能光伏发电装机量超过了76GW(十亿瓦特);同去年的50GW增量相比,有了大幅提高。欧洲太阳能贸易机构的统计数字表明,中国和美国在2016年的太阳能光伏发电增量是2015年光伏发电增量的2倍,远远领先其他国家。Globally there is now 305GW of solar power capacity up from around 50GW in 2010 and virtually nothing at the turn of the millennium.目前,全球的太阳能发电装机总量达到了305GW,2010年时则为50GW,而2000年时则几乎为零. /201703/498603Over the past few years, most people I’ve spoken to have become (or aly were) environmentally conscious to some degree. What often begins simply as saving money - such as reducing the amount of electricity you use - turns out to have quite a positive impact. If, however, you want to do even more; there are several things you can do. Here are just 7 lifestyle changes which will help the environment.1. Use the car less. This is perhaps the simplest change in this list - reduce the time you spend behind the wheel. In addition to the environmental benefits of doing this, you’ll probably find that you become slightly fitter; and have more money in your pocket at the end of the week. In short, there’s no downside. How do you do this? Here are a few suggestions :* for short journeys, walk* if possible, work from home (at least some of the time)* create a car pool with workmates* make use of public transport occasionally* bike to work2. Reduce your intake of red meat. Common sources of red meat such as cows and bulls produce an enormous quantity of climate-changing gases such as methane. Now, I’m certainly not suggesting that you should become vegetarian - I enjoy a good steak as much as any other omnivore - simply that a slight reduction can have a dramatic effect. As a bonus, there are a number of well-documented health benefits of a diet containing only a small amount of red meat.3. Become a ‘green consumer‘. When shopping for any sort of product - anything from groceries to a new television - take a moment to weigh up the options. If there are alternatives, consider which product has the lowest impact on the environment. Things to look out for :* does the item come in easily-recyclable packaging?* have the goods been recently produced? Locally?* is the item energy or water efficient?By favoring the products which answer ‘yes‘ to these questions, producers and manufacturers will gradually take up ‘green‘ practices in order to remain competitive.4. Become ‘carbon neutral‘ using offsets as necessary. This is something that nearly everyone can take advantage of. Become as close to ‘carbon neutral‘ as possible; purchasing carbon offsets as necessary. In effect, you’ll be investing in a number of sustainable energy and water schemes. NB : if you’re looking for a slightly more direct investment approach, on.wind farmPhoto by Jasmic5. Invest in companies researching and producing renewable energy. Want to make some serious money, and help the environment at the same time? Invest in companies which are researching, producing and selling energy-efficient and water-efficient goods. Think wind farms, solar panels and electric cars. This is one area in which financial reward and environmental impact can have an enormous overlap.6. Share your ‘green’ ideas with others. Over the past century or so, global communications has grown in many, many ways. This has made it possible to share ideas and discoveries at an incredible rate. Here are just a few of the ways in which you can share your thoughts with others :* create a blog which documents the energy-conserving changes you make in your own home* establish a not-for-profit group which teaches others how to live sustainably* create a recycling collective with your neighbors, where each person is responsible for the collection and recycling of a particular material or productNB : naturally there are a great many others. If you’ve developed or are aware of a scheme which is working well, be sure to leave a comment below. I’d love to hear about it.7. Become politically active. If you’ve ever heard someone say ‘the government should do this‘ then this one’s for you. By becoming involved in politics - at any level with which you feel comfortable - you are able to help guide people to an incredible goal. Rather than sitting back and waiting for someone else to take action, make your own voice heard.Final thoughts on lifestyle changes which will help the environmentWant more? Well, there’s one change you can make which will incorporate many of the items noted above - support those who are aly making a difference. When your neighbor approaches you to discuss their own ideas for a recycling collective, or a workmate suggests a car pool; dive in. It really will make an impact. 在过去的几年里,大部分和我说过话的人都在一定程度上变成(或者本来就是)有环境意识的。通常我们会从简单的开始,比如省钱,比如减少你使用的电量 -就会变成有比较积极的影响。然而,如果你想做的更多,那就还有一些你可以做的事情。以下的7种生活方式的改变将有助于改善环境。1. 少用车。这也许是这份单子上最简单的改变 - 减少你花在轮子后面的时间。这样做除了对环境有利外,你可能会发现自己也变得更健康了。并且周末的时候,会发现口袋里多了些零钱。简而言之,这有百利而无一害。那具体该怎么做呢?这里有一些建议:·对短途而言,请步行·如果可能的话,在家工作(至少偶尔)·和同事拼车·偶尔乘坐公共交通·骑车去工作2. 少吃红色肉类。通常的红肉源比如奶牛和公牛会排出大量改变气候的气体,比如甲烷。现在,我绝对不是建议你变成素食者 - 我同任何不偏食的人一样喜欢吃好的牛排 - 只是稍微的减少一点食用量,就会带来巨大的效果。并且还有额外的好处,少吃红肉对健康的好处已经得到充分实。3. 成为一个"绿色的消费者"。买任何一类产品的时候 - 从日用百货到新式电视机 - 花一些时间来权衡你的选择。如果有其他的选择,请考虑那些对环境有最低影响的产品。值得留意的东西:·这样东西有容易回收的包装吗?·这些货物是最近生产的吗?是当地的么?·这样东西节能或者节水吗?人们倾向于对以上问题说“是”的产品,那么生产商和制造商就会渐渐开始从事绿色生产从而保持他们的竞争力。4. 成为尽可能使用‘自然碳(碳中和)’产品。这是几乎所有人都能利用的东西。尽可能变得靠近‘自然碳(碳中和)’:必须买碳产品。事实上,你将会投资很大数量的可持续发展的能源和水模式。注:如果你想找更直接一点点投资途径,请读下文。照片由Jasmic提供5. 投资研究和生产可持续使用的能源的公司。想在赚钱的同时改善环境吗?投资那些正在研究,生产,销售节省能源,省水的货物的公司。考虑下风力农业,太阳能面板和电子汽车。这是一个经济回报和环境影响相交的领域。6. 与他人分享你的“绿色”想法。在过去的几个世纪里,全球化交流新增了许多途径。这使人们能以不可思议的速度分享想法与发现。下面仅是一部分你可以同他人分享想法的方式。·建立一个关于你家乡能源存储变化的客·建立一个非盈利的团体,教导他人如何可持续发展地生活·和邻居一起建立一个回收团体,其中的每一个成员负责收集和回收一种特殊的材料或产品。注:自然还有很多其他的方法。如果你已经养成了或者意识到了一种也可以生效的模式,请一定在下面留下,我很乐意看到它们。7. 潜意识里变地积极。如果你曾经听到有人说“政府需要做这个”那么这个人就是对你有用。以任何你觉得合适的程度参与到政策中,就能够帮助引导人们达成一个不可思议的目标。与其坐在后面等待别人采取行动,不如让别人看到你的行动。最后一些有助于环保的生活方式。想要更多?好,这里有个和以上提到的都不一样的改变 - 持那些已经有变化的人们。当你的邻居呼吁你来讨论他们自己有关回收的主意,或者一个同事建议搭车;加入他们。这些真的会有效果。 /200806/42593Last Saturday, China launched a national satellite navigation and positioning system.上周六,我国启用了一个全国性的卫星导航定位系统。It is the largest in the country and boasts the widest coverage.该系统是我国规模最大、覆盖范围最广的导航定位系统。Li Weisen, deputy director of the National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation, said that the system consists of 2,700 base stations, a national database center and 30 provincial level database centers.国家测绘地理信息局副局长李维森表示,该系统由2700座基准站点、一个国家数据中心和30个省级数据中心共同组成。The system, featuring faster speed, higher accuracy and wider coverage, will be compatible with other satellite navigation systems, such as the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System and Global Position System (GPS), Li said.李维森称,该系统速度更快、精度更高、范围更广,能够兼容北斗、GPS等其他卫星导航系统。According to the administration, the system is able to provide positioning service to transportation, emergency medical rescue and city planning and management.国家测绘地理信息局称,该系统可为交通运输、医疗急救和城市规划管理提供定位务。 /201706/512430

The holiday season brings with it the usual assortment of college bowl games, from the classic Rose, Orange and Sugar, all the way to the Little Caesars Pizza Bowl, the Beef #39;O#39; Brady#39;s Bowl and, my favorite, the Famous Idaho Potato Bowl. Each contest involves the migration across the country of hordes of players, coaches, alumni boosters, band members, mascots -- and, of course, cheerleaders. Remarkably, recent science suggests that if this final group weren#39;t included, it would probably alter the quality of play.随着假日赛季的到来,各种大学碗赛也一如既往地纷纷上演。既有“玫瑰碗”(Rose)、“橙子碗”(Orange)、“砂糖碗”(Sugar)这些经典比赛,也有“小凯撒比萨碗”(Little Caesars Pizza Bowl)、“布雷迪牛排碗”(Beef #39;O#39; Brady#39;s Bowl),以及我最喜欢的“著名的爱达荷土豆碗”(Famous Idaho Potato Bowl)。每一场比赛期间,都有成群结队的球员、教练、校友助威团、军乐队、以及吉祥物在全国奔忙。当然,这当中也少不了拉拉队的身影。值得一提的是,近期科学研究表明,如果没有拉拉队,比赛的质量可能就不一样了。All because males can be kind of pathetic.这一切都可能是因为男人也怪可怜的。When women are present or when men are prompted to think about women, they act differently, research shows. Well, duh. But in unexpected ways. A 2008 study in the journal Evolutionary Psychology showed that in the mere presence of women as witnesses, men become more likely to jaywalk and to wait until the last second to dash on to a bus. This reflects, no doubt, the well-known belief among men that jaywalking means you#39;re a Roman gladiator of irrepressible virility. As I said, pathetic.研究表明,当有女性在场、或男性被怂恿去想着女人的时候,他们会有不同的行为。嗯,就是这样。不过至于行为会怎样的不同,则是出人意料。2008年《进化心理学》(Evolutionary Psychology)杂志的一篇论文显示,只要有女性在场,男性就更有可能乱穿马路、更有可能等到最后一秒再蹿上公交车。这一点无疑折射了男人心中众所周知的一个观念:乱穿马路意味着你是一个充满蓬勃男子气概的罗马角斗士。正如我所说的,怪可怜的。Over the past several years, the pattern has been found repeatedly in studies of male behavior published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, the British Journal of Psychology and elsewhere. In some cases, a woman is present; in others, men look at pictures of a woman#39;s face or her legs; in still others, men list what they find to be sexually arousing (versus things that make them happy). In a 2011 paper in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, this last technique is called, with a straight face, #39;inducing mating goals.#39;过去几年里《人格与社会心理学杂志》(Journal of Personality and Social Psychology)、《英国心理学杂志》(British Journal of Psychology)等刊物发表的多篇有关男性行为的论文都发现了上述现象。某些情况下是有女性在现场,另一些情况则是男性看着女人脸蛋或双腿的照片。还有一些情况,男性列出了他们觉得激发性欲的东西(而不是让他们快乐的东西)。在《人格与社会心理学公报》(Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin)2011年发表的一篇论文中,后面这种技术被正儿八经地称为“诱导交配目的”(inducing mating goals)。Sex-related cues like these have been found to make men more prone to take risks while playing blackjack, to discount the future when making economic decisions and to spend on conspicuous luxury items (but not on mundane expenses). Typically, the effects are strongest in single men. By contrast, these studies uniformly report that cues about males have no such effects on women.研究发现,像这些与性有关的暗示会让男性更容易在打21点扑克的时候冒险,更容易在做经济决策时不顾将来,更容易花钱购买引人注目的奢侈物品(而不是普通的花销)。一般情况下,这些效应在单身男性身上体现得最为强烈。相比之下,这些研究无一例外地显示,有关男性的暗示对女性并无此类效应。There is also a darker side to the tendency of men to show off in the presence of women. As a 2012 study by Sarah Ainsworth and Jon Maner of Florida State University found, #39;inducing mating goals#39; in men made them more likely in a competitive game to punish the opposing guy with loud blasts of noise. The effect was strongest in men with an #39;unrestricted sociosexual orientation#39; -- that is, men who are perpetually on the prowl with a propensity to indiscriminate one-night stands. In another study, men who were primed by the presence of women were found to be more likely to endorse aggressive stances about war (with no change in their stances about the more humdrum issue of trade tariffs).关于男性在有女性在场时爱显摆这件事,还有更阴暗的一面。2012年弗罗里达州立大学(Florida State University)莎拉·安斯沃思(Sarah Ainsworth)和约恩·马内尔(Jon Maner)的一篇论文发现,诱导男性的“交配目的”使他们更有可能在竞技中用大吼大叫的方式惩罚对手。这种效应在具有“不受约束的社交性性取向”(unrestricted sociosexual orientation)——即习惯于乱搞一夜情、总是在寻猎目标——的男性身上表现得最为强烈。另一篇论文则发现,当有女性在场时,男性更有可能持在战争问题上采取进攻性立场(对于更为平淡的关税问题却没有立场变化)。The authors of these studies have generally interpreted their findings to mean that thoughts of women subliminally prompt men to advertise their prowess and attractiveness -- displaying their tail feathers, so to speak, to attract a mate. History certainly has no shortage of men who were rewarded reproductively for their aggressiveness.上述论文的作者总体上将他们的发现解释为:想着女人会在潜意识中鼓动男性表现他们的勇气和帅气——可以说就是通过展示尾巴上的饰毛来吸引伴侣。历史上当然不乏因为进攻性而在生殖问题上获得回报的男人。But now comes research carried out by Mark van Vugt and Wendy Iredale and reported last year in the British Journal of Psychology. In the presence of women (but not other men), men became more generous in an economic game: They made more contributions to public goods and volunteered more time for charitable causes. In fact, the size of their charitable contributions increased in the presence of women they rated as more attractive. As usual, the presence of men had no such effects on women. As summarized in the title of the paper, this seems a case of #39;Men Behaving Nicely: Public Goods as Peacock Tails.#39;但现在又有了马克·范伍格特(Mark van Vugt)和温迪·艾尔代尔(Wendy Iredale)去年发表在《英国心理学杂志》上的研究。在有女性在场而无其他男性在场的情况下,男性在经济比赛中变得更加大方:他们的公益捐款将会增加,并自愿拿出更多时间投入慈善事业。事实上,如果有他们认为更加漂亮的女性在场,他们的慈善捐赠额度会变得更多。一如既往地,有男性在场并没有对女性产生这样的效应。就像论文题目总结的那样,这似乎是“男人行善:孔雀尾巴的公益”。There#39;s an important point here. The allure of the opposite sex makes men more violent, but only, it seems, in circumstances where violence is rewarded with higher status. When status can be achieved in a more socially desirable way, things work differently. In short, with the right social arrangements, this ludicrous tendency of men can be harnessed not only to encourage a ferocious goal-line stand but to make the world a kinder place.这当中有一个很重要的方面。异性的诱惑使男人变得更加暴力,但似乎只是在有了暴力就会有更高地位的环境中才是这样。当地位可以通过一种更被社会接受的方式取得时,情况就不一样了。简而言之,如果社交安排得当,男性的这种荒唐倾向是可以得到驾驭的,不仅可以鼓励他们在门线处站岗时保持虎视眈眈,也能让世界变得更加友善。 /201509/396583

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