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2019年09月16日 10:06:16 | 作者:康泰优惠 | 来源:新华社
英语学习专家提醒:英语学习重在运用,要动起来, be active in your study!对于下面的这些资料,请不要仅仅是看闹热,或一时兴起,而是要重在坚持!英语学习没有捷径,只有一步一个脚印!这是关于英语文化陷阱的学习,重点在于运用于真实语境中来领悟其用法! 1. You have matches 最近我有一次机会登上一艘豪华游轮观光。一次, 我在酒吧台拿了两杯鸡尾酒回房间享受,途中遇到一位女士,她看看我后笑着说:“You have matches?”我一愣,回答说:“很抱歉,我十五年前就戒烟了,所以没有火柴。”她立刻会意到我误解了她的意思,好像是有点抱歉的说:“It’s a joke.” 然后,我们就相互尴尬的笑了笑,走开了。事后和朋友在吃晚饭的时候聊天,我趁机向一个美国朋友请教白天的那句话,他解释说:“因为她看你两手都占着,就故意开玩笑跟你要火柴,这是个非常普通的笑话,非但没有恶意,反而是想问你需不需要帮忙。”(摘自《世界日报》) 2. Turn the table 一位亲戚和妻子失和到了要离婚的地步。几天前接到亲戚电话,说他们在走进律师楼之前,先去求助于心理和婚姻问题专家。夫妇俩心平气和地坐下来谈了好多次,互相之间多了一份理解,少了一份猜疑、埋怨,结果化干戈为玉帛。说简单也简单,就这么拯救了这场婚姻。我打心眼里为他们高兴,把这一消息告诉了同样也认识他们的一位美国朋友。这位朋友挺激动的,连连说着“感谢上帝,感谢上帝”,她还补充了一句“He turned the table”。 这话让我心里很不舒,她是指我亲戚动粗吗?我打抱不平说:“不会,不会,他很斯文,很有绅士风度,不会以粗鲁的举动压制对方,不会以高压让对方屈从。” 结果,越说谁也听不懂谁。看着我那一脸不快的表情,朋友突然茅塞頓开了,以另一种方法向我解释。终于让我明白,她是说我亲戚“扭转了局面”,那 “table”和我想到的“桌子”根本无关。 再说远一点, turn the tables (on someone)这个短语也和“桌子”没什么关系, 它的意思是to suddenly take a position of strength or advantage that was formerly held by someone else (反败为胜,转弱为强), 例如: “She played badly in the first set, but then she turned the tables on her opponent and won the match. ”(摘自《世界日报》) 3. Wearing two hats 同事朋友聚会,少不了相互介绍。先生在向我介绍他的同事 Larry 时,说他可是个大忙人: “He is wearing two hats.” 我说,你开什么玩笑,他根本就没戴帽子。 Larry 一直以笑作答,倒是先生察言观色,知道我不懂,便帮我找台阶下。原来,先生是指Larry在医院某一部门担任要职,除此之外,还有自己的生意,就是说 Larry 身兼两职,而不是真的戴了两顶帽子。 (摘自《世界日报》) 4. With a grain of salt 一天吃饭的时候,好友 Allen 和他的中国籍太太坐在餐桌旁大谈最近流行的一种草药,说它能包治百病。 Allen 说了一句:“I’d like to take it with a grain of salt”。他太太笑道:“你以为它是蔬菜啊,还要加点盐再吃。健康专家可没有说过要加盐。”Allen 愣了一下,然后大笑不已,解释道“ Take something with a grain of salt” 是“对某事有保留、持怀疑态度”的意思。 原来刚才Allen 是说他对这种草药的神奇疗效表示怀疑,而不是说要“放些盐再吃”。 (摘自《世界日报》) 5.You are in for a treat! 这天,同事们正在讨论为我和 Rhonda 开生日 party的事情,为了尊重寿星,大家让Rhonda 和我选择一家中意的餐厅。Rhonda建议去镇上一家叫做BBQ 的美国餐厅。我从来没有去过那里,于是就问她那里有什么特色。Rhonda便开始滔滔不绝的介绍他们的招牌菜,听得我十指大动,直咽口水,Rhonda便笑着说: “You are in for a treat !” 我愣了一下,以为Rhonda要请我去那里吃饭,心里十分不好意思,试探着问过她之后,Rhonda 笑着解释说: “You are in for a treat means you’ll like it !” (摘自《世界日报》) 6. Knife and fork 朋友D说日前在某大酒楼饮茶,见邻桌有青年夫妇和大概是他们在外国结识的老太太一起饮茶。老太太对操作筷子很感兴趣,在那里学用 chopsticks夹虾饺。D说他有个美国朋友,曾花了一些时间学习正确使用筷子的方法,每有机会就要表演一下,还说用筷子是一种艺术,是古老的中国文化的表现。 中国人吃饭用筷子,洋人进餐用刀*。其实洋人从前没有knife and fork,用的是木片削成的*。这种木*从意大利经伊斯坦堡传到英国,是两刺的肉* (two-pronged fork)。在此之前,人们吃肉用手,因此对于改用肉*有人说是“对赐人五指之神的侮辱。” 筷子又叫作“箸”,据说由于箸与住同音。住有停止之意。航船忌停,江苏一带行船的人们改称箸为“筷儿”。筷音同快,不住而快,一帆风顺矣。日语中筷作箸,但读作hashi,和作桥解的hashi相同,似乎和行船有点关系。日谚有“只会拿着筷子吃”指“茶来伸手,饭来张口。”中餐桌上每人有一份箸匙 (zhuchi),一双筷子一把汤匙,也许就没有knife and fork那么杀气腾腾了吧? (摘自《世界日报》) 7. Skeleton in the closet 一天朋友谈及一则大爆“名人”家丑的八卦新闻,说那些家族中人以搬弄“skeleton in the closet”为乐事,难道这些名人家的壁橱中真的有骷髅? 他说的“skeleton in the closet”(英国人则习惯说成skeleton in the cupboard)现在的意义并没有那么可怕。不过据说当年这个习语产生的时候的确指那些有钱人家谋杀了一个人,把骸骨暗藏在壁橱中,不让外人知道,从此 skeleton in the closet 就成了那家人的秘密,后来这个短语用来指不可或不愿外扬的家丑,简称作family skeleton。例如: Many old families have a number of skeletons in their closets which they are loath to discuss(许多古老的家族中有很多秘密,他们不愿谈及这些话题。) (摘自《世界日报》) /200804/36090The Four Great Inventions(3)四大发明(3)The Chinese invented gunpowder about 1, 100 years ago.大约1100年前,中国发明了火药。Towards the end of the Tang Dynasty, gunpowder was first used in war.唐末,火药首次用于战争。In 904, during a battle between local forces, a weapon then called “flying fire” was used.904年,在地方势力的战争中,使用了名为“飞火”的武器。It was a packet of gunpowder tied to the head of an arrow.这种武器是将一包火药系在箭头上。After the fuse was lighted, the arrow was shot to the enemy side, and the gunpowder would cause damage or kill men.点燃引线后,箭射向敌方,火药即可杀伤敌人。During the Song Dynasty, the making and use of gunpowder reached a new level.宋朝时期,制造和使火药达到了一个新水平。Varioud kinds of weapons with gunpowder were invented.发明了各种使用火药的武器。The Song, Jin and Yuan armies all used these weapons in war.宋军、金兵和元军都在战斗中使用这种武器。Gunpowder was introduced to the Arab world during the 13th century.13世纪,火药传入阿拉伯。In the following century some European countries began to make gunpowder weapons1 with methods they had learned from the Arabs.14世纪, 欧洲一些国家开始制造从阿拉伯人那里学来的火药武器。 /201508/394016

Microsoft is shutting down its Chinese web portal, MSN China next month, according to the reports of the Wall Street Journal.据华尔街日报报道,微软将于下月关闭其中文门户网站MSN中文网。Microsoft will be focusing on software and services for Windows 10 going forward instead of online content.微软公司将会把重点从提供线上内容转向为Windows 10设备提供软件和务。The technology giant posted a notification on its MSN China website saying the portal, which delivers Web search services as well as news and lifestyle information, will cease on June 7.这家科技巨头在其MSN中文网上发布了一则通知称,这一提供网页搜索务以及新闻和生活资讯的门户网站将于6月7日关闭。;Microsoft is deeply committed to China, offering a range of products including Windows 10, cloud services, and hosting the largest research and development center outside of the U.S;, a spokesperson of Microsoft said.微软公司的一位发言人表示:“微软投入大量精力发展中国市场,提供了包括Windows 10和云计算在内的一系列产品,还在那里设立了美国之外最大的研发中心。”This means that after that date, visitors to cn.msn.com will see a directory page of Chinese websites along with a Bing search bar.这就意味着,6月7日之后访问cn.msn.com的访客将看到一个列有多个中文网站的目录页面,以及一个必应搜索栏。The software giant said it plans to continue to invest in other business in the country as well as maintaining its research and development operations there.此外,这家软件巨头公司还表示,计划继续投资其在华其它业务,并维持在中国的研发运营。 /201605/444565

A new app which monitors facial expressions to assess mood and then suggests the perfect food to lift the spirits, or quell anxiety, has been developed by scientists at Oxford University.牛津大学的科学家们近日研发出一款新应用,它能通过检测面部表情判断你的心情,进而为你推荐提振精神或平息焦虑的最佳食物。The new app scans the face for signs of emotions, such as downturned lips and eyes and frown lines, and can often pick up on hidden feelings that a person may be ignoring.这款新应用通过扫描面部表情获取情绪特征,比如下垂的嘴角、眼睛、眉间皱纹等,捕捉人们可能忽略的隐藏情绪。;Face mapping can provide a more accurate and objective assessment of a person#39;s mood or emotional state than they can,; said Prof Spence.史彭斯称:“相比于你自己,表情图谱能对你的心情或情绪状态做出更加准确、客观的评估。”;Often people are not able to say how they are feeling or just don#39;t feel they want to. After all, we might know that we are in a bad mood, but not know why.“人们往往无法表达自己的感受,或者只是不想表达。因为我们可能知道自己心情很差,但是却没有察觉到原因。”;There is a growing body of evidence that demonstrates that your mood has a significant impact on your taste and smell - it can deaden or liven the effect of both - a reverse of this is also believed to be true, that food can have a number of affects on your mood.;“越来越多的据表明,情绪对人的味觉和嗅觉有很大影响,它可能抑制或刺激味觉和嗅觉反应。反之,食物也能对人的情绪产生一定影响。”He said that mood and emotion can affect the #39;sensory discriminatory aspects of tasting#39; which is why people often stop eating following a relationship break-up or when they are grieving because food simply does not taste as good as during happier times.史彭斯表示,情绪可以让人们“品尝到的感觉产生区别”,人在分手或感到悲伤时往往不吃东西,就是因为这时候食物尝起来不像心情好时那么好吃。;This is at the very cutting edge of what technology and science can do but in the future it is likely to become much more the norm,; he added.史彭斯称,“情绪图谱现在还是尖端科技,但是未来它将变得非常普及。”The app can detect anger, disgust, fear, surprise, sadness and joy and makes suggestions according to what it finds. For example, an angry face suggests that a person is stressed and so would benefit from calming foods, such as dark chocolate and nuts which contain magnesium.该应用程序可以检测到愤怒、厌恶、恐惧、惊喜、悲伤和喜悦等情绪,并根据检测结果推荐菜谱。比如,表情愤怒说明一个人有压力,因此适合使人镇静的食物,比如含有镁元素的黑巧克力、坚果。In contrast, people who are excited may benefit from blood sugar regulating foods such as whole grains and legumes.相反,心情激动的人可能适宜吃调节血糖的食物,比如全麦食品和豆类食品。Nutritionist Ruth Tongue, said: ;Not only do our moods affect the foods we choose to eat, but the foods we eat can in turn help us to feel happier, energised, relaxed, focused or fired up and y for the day.营养学家鲁斯.唐称:“情绪能影响我们的饮食选择,我们吃的食物也能反过来让自己更快乐、精力充沛、心情放松、精神集中、四射,让我们准备好迎接每一天。;It#39;s important to recognise the relationship between the foods we eat and our moods so that we can ensure that we#39;re looking after not only our physical, but also our emotional wellbeing.;“关键要认识到我们吃的食物和情绪之间的关系,这样便可以确保自己的生理和心理健康。”Graham Corfield, UK Managing Director of Just Eat added: ;We know that mood plays a part in what we choose to eat, so innovations like Emotion-Analysis-Technology, while fun, also serve a real purpose. ;Just Eat英国区总经理格雷厄姆.科菲尔德说:“情绪影响我们对食物的选择,所以像情绪分析这样的科技创新不仅有趣,而且有实用价值。”;Ultimately we want people be thinking about food and the impact it can have on their daily life.;“我们的根本目的是让人们关心食物及其对日常生活的影响。” /201612/481868

ArcelorMittal will launch a new high-strength automotive steel later this year, throwing down the gauntlet to its rivals in the race to make cars lighter.安赛乐米塔尔(ArcelorMittal)将于今年晚些时候发布一款新型高强度汽车用钢,此举将在降低汽车重量的竞争中向对手发起挑战。The world’s biggest steel producer by tonnage said that its new grade, called Usibor 2000, would be about one-third stronger than those currently available for carmaking.这家全球产量最高的钢铁制造商表示,这款新型用钢被称为Usibor 2000,其强度将比现有的汽车用钢高出三分之一左右。“It’s lightweight because the material is so strong that you need a lot less of it to achieve the same functionality,” said Greg Ludkovsky, head of research and development at ArcelorMittal.安赛乐米塔尔研发部门总监格雷格#8226;路德科夫斯基(Greg Ludkovsky)表示:“它有助于减重,因为这种材料强度非常高,要实现同样的功能需要更少的用钢。”Tightening regulations on exhaust emissions in the fight against climate change are forcing automakers to improve their fleets’ average fuel efficiency. Alongside improvements in internal combustion engine technology and developments in electric vehicles, one of the main ways is by reducing mass.在应对气候变化的努力中,针对尾气排放的监管力度加大,这正迫使汽车制造商提高汽车的平均燃油效率。除了内燃机技术的改进和电动汽车的发展,主要的方法之一是降低汽车重量。While steel remains the material of choice in automotive, there is increasing competition from other substrates, such as aluminium and plastic composites, which can offer weight advantages.尽管钢材仍是汽车的首选材料,但它正面临其他板材日益激烈的竞争,例如具备重量优势的铝塑复合板。This was illustrated when Ford switched to aluminium for the body of its 2015 F-150 pickup truck, the best-selling vehicle in the US for more than three decades.福特(Ford) 2015款F-150皮卡改用全铝车身就表明了这点,这款车型是30多年来美国最畅销的。ArcelorMittal said that for applications requiring complex shapes, its Usibor 2000 product would bring potential weight saving of up 10 per cent on the previous best steel grade. It is more than three times stronger than leading automotive aluminium alloys, according to the company. Launch is expected by the end of this year in Europe and mid-2017 in the US.安赛乐米塔尔表示,对于构造复杂的形状,其Usibor 2000产品将令部件重量潜在比以前最好的钢材品级减少10%。据该公司称,这种品级用钢的强度是领先汽车用铝合金的3倍多。预计这款产品将于今年底在欧洲发布,2017年年中在美国发布。 /201606/448017

China#39;s tech giant Huawei said profits for the full year to December rose by 33% from a year earlier, boosted by demand for its smartphones, among other devices. Net profit came in at 36.9bn (5.7bn dollars), the firm said.中国科技巨头华为公司日前宣布,该公司手机业务需求的迅猛增长使其2015年全年利润相比2014年提高了33%。该公司表示,去年的净利润达到了369亿人民币(约合57亿美元)。Strong sales in China and Western Europe have seen Huawei#39;s smartphone business grow quickly. Popular for its low-cost devices, Huawei is one of the biggest smartphone vendors behind Samsung and Apple. The company is also one of the world#39;s largest telecommunications firms.华为手机业务的迅猛增长得益于在中国和西欧市场强劲的销量。由于其低成本的手机风靡全球,所以使得华为成为世界上仅次于三星和苹果的第三大智能手机厂商。此外,该公司也是世界上最大的电信公司之一。But it has been blocked from running broadband projects in the US and Australia over espionage fears. Its telecommunications devices for carriers, such as routers, are effectively banned in the US. However, its other businesses, such as consumer electronic products, including mobile devices, are allowed into the US market.但美国和澳大利亚政府出于对间谍行为的担忧,叫停了华为在这些国家的宽带业务。目前美国禁止华为公司在该国出售包括路由器在内的各种为运营商务的设备。不过包括手机在内的该公司生产的民用电子产品在美国却畅通无阻。It said the rise had been driven by demand for its ;high-quality products that deliver a premium user experience, as well as Huawei#39;s growing influence as a consumer brand.;华为公司认为营业额之所以大幅跃升,原因在于:“消费者从华为公司高质量的产品中获得了近乎奢华的用户体验,华为公司作为消费者认可的品牌也在不断扩大其影响力。”The firm has previously said it wants to shed its low-cost appeal and produce high-margin premium devices to challenge Samsung and Apple at the top end of the market.该公司此前曾表示,希望不再以低成本为卖点,而是生产高端产品来挑战三星和苹果的霸主地位。 /201604/436189

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