时间:2020年02月24日 23:25:38

Chances are, the petite woman hanging onto the pole, barely able to maintain her balance on the swaying No. 7 train, does not have a beer gut. 大多数时候,如果你看到摇摇晃晃的纽约地铁七号线上有个紧紧抓住把手、几乎快要摔倒的娇弱女子,要记得,她那隆起的腹部可不是啤酒肚。 No, ladies and gentlemen, her protruding stomach inches away from your Kindle or iPhone holds part of the future generation of our great city. She#39;s pregnant! So have some pity in these dog days of summer and give up your seats, you lazy bums. 是的,女士们先生们,那个距离你们的Kindle电子书或是iPhone电话几厘米远的大肚子里,装着的可是我们这个伟大城市未来一代的一分子。她正怀着!所以,在这大热天里,有点同情心吧,快站起来让座,懒虫! Let#39;s be real: We are all guilty of ignoring the pregnant woman sometimes. I, too, confess to pretending not to see her out of the corner of my eye. I#39;m napping. I#39;m engrossed in #39;Gone Girl.#39; I fought hard for this seat, damn it, and someone else will surely get up, right? 让我们诚实一点吧:我们都有过假装看不见妇的时候。我承认,我也这样做过,装作什么都没有看见。我在打盹儿,我在专注地看《Gone Girl》。该死,我费了好大劲才得到这个座位,而且总会有别的人站起来让座的,对吧? Ah, the plight of the pregnant. 唉,怀的苦恼啊。 Marion Koshy strategizes. The Kew Gardens resident is seven months pregnant. Her commute is long. We#39;re talking more than an hour long, a bus ride to the E train to the 6 train long. 住在丘园小区(Kew Gardens)的马里昂#8226;科希(Marion Koshy)为此大费周章。科希是一名34岁的社工,怀七个月了。她每天上班路上花费的时间很长。我们一路聊了一个多小时,从乘公交车到换乘E线地铁,再转乘地铁六号线。 She has tried leaving home earlier. She#39;s tried different cars. She#39;s tried taking the local instead of the express. Her secret weapon: eye contact. 她曾试着早点从家里出发,也试过乘坐其他交通工具,或是避开地铁快车,只坐慢车。她的秘密武器是:对眼神儿。 #39;I have this thing where I kind of just peer over the paper and I#39;ll look at the person, but it#39;s as if I#39;m ing and maybe I#39;ll catch their glance and then hope they#39;ll give me their seat,#39; said the 34-year-old social worker. 她说,“我的一套办法是,我会盯着报纸看,然后我看人,不过看起来我还是在看报纸,没准儿我会和谁对上眼神儿,然后他也许会把座位让给我。” It doesn#39;t always work. One day this week, she was standing up ing the paper. The train was crowded. Three men were sitting near her. #39;One looked up at me and then looked down again,#39; she recalled. #39;I know he was ing the back of my paper. He didn#39;t say a word.#39; 这办法不是总能奏效。曾有一天,她正站着看报纸,地铁里很挤,在她边上坐着三名男性乘客。她回忆当天的情景说,“其中一个抬头看了我一眼,然后又低下了头。我知道他正在看我手里这张报纸的背面。他什么都没有说。” Chivalry, apparently, is dead. 显然,绅士已死。 #39;It#39;s kind of like you#39;re a panhandler,#39; added Ms. Koshy, one of many pregnant woman to make this analogy. #39;They pretend like you don#39;t even exist.#39; 科希接着说,“这感觉就好像你是个乞丐。他们假装你根本不存在。”很多妇都做过同样的类比。 Ms. Koshy was one of those who refused seats when she first started to show. No, she could stand, thank you very much. Now she#39;ll take it where she can get it, which is about 50% of the time. 和其他一些人一样,肚子刚开始有点显的时候,如果有人给她让座,科希总是婉言谢绝。不用了,她站着没事儿,非常感激。而如今,只要有空座,她就会坐上去。而能得到空座的概率只有50%左右。 Come on New Yorkers, we can do better than that! 嘿,拜托,纽约人,你们就不能表现得好一点吗? Men will explain that you never ask or assume a woman is pregnant. This is true: It#39;s a cardinal sin. But there comes a point when there#39;s no question that a woman is pregnant. This is the point where you simply get up, folks. Don#39;t make a show of it, don#39;t embarrass the poor woman, just get up and motion to the seat. 男士们会为自己开脱说,你既不能去问一位女性是不是怀了,也不该做出这样的凭空假设。没错,这样做会犯下滔天大错。不过总有一些时候你能毫无疑问地看出来一位女士的确是怀了。诸位,总有一些时候,你要做的只是站起来而已。别大惊小怪的,别让那位可怜的女士尴尬了,你只需站起来,指指空出来的座位。 Christopher Diamond says he always gets up for the pregnant and he thinks most everyone does so─when they notice. #39;A lot of times, people are so immersed in whatever they#39;re ing or playing that they don#39;t notice,#39; said the 45-year-old Prospect Heights resident. #39;Large bellies don#39;t really stand out that much on the subway.#39; 现年45岁、家住展望高地(Prospect Heights)的克里斯托夫#8226;戴蒙德(Christopher Diamond)说,他看到妇总是会站起来让座,而且他认为大多数人都是这样做的──只要他们注意到了。他说,“很多时候,人们太专注于自己手中的书或是游戏,注意不到周围的事情。在地铁上,大肚子其实不是那么明显。” In London, the Transport for London agency doles out officially sanctioned #39;Baby on Board#39; badges to pregnant women. More than 380,000 badges have been requested since the program was launched in 2006, according to an email from a press officer. 在伦敦,伦敦交通局(Transport for London)向妇发放印有“宝宝在内”(Baby on Board)字样的小牌子。根据来自新闻部门官员坎迪斯#8226;琼斯(Candice Jones)的邮件,自2006年开始推行这个做法后,要求获得这个小牌子的申请已经超过38万份。 #39;The badge aims to encourage customers to give up their seats to pregnant women and help mothers-to-be feel more comfortable using the Tube,#39; wrote Candice Jones. 琼斯说,“这个小牌子旨在鼓励人们让座给妇,帮助准妈妈们能够更舒地乘坐地铁。” New York has the MTA#39;s #39;Courtesy is Contagious#39; announcements, but no one listens to them. 纽约的大都会运输署(MTA)贴出了“礼貌可以影响他人”(Courtesy is Contagious)的宣传语,但大家对此都无动于衷。 Pregnant women─past and present─have a lot to say on this topic. 提起这个话题,妇们──无论是怀过的还是正在中的──都有一肚子的话要说。 There is no trend. Some say they always get a seat; others that they rarely do. 没有什么趋势可循。一些人说她们总能得到座位,另一些人则表示她们很少能坐下。 Expecting mothers have different strategies. 准妈妈们各有各的办法。 Lindsay Reitzes, who gave birth five months ago, used to take the Q train every day and strip down to her lightest layer. #39;I always put on a big show when I got on the subway,#39; said the 33-year-old Park Slope resident. #39;I#39;d take off my jacket and I#39;d sit there holding my stomach and kind of leaning against the bar looking very tired and exhausted.#39; 现年33岁的林赛#8226;雷泽斯(Lindsay Reitzes)家住公园坡(Park Slope),五个月前刚刚生完孩子,怀时她天天乘坐Q线地铁,每次都会放弃自己最后的矜持。她说,“当我上地铁的时候,我总是把动静搞得很大。我会脱下外套,然后用手捧着肚子,依着扶手,看上去非常疲惫、筋疲力尽的样子。” If no one relented, she would take to shouting out: #39;Will someone give up a seat to a very pregnant woman?#39; 如果没有人动怜悯心,她会大叫道:“有没有人愿意把座位让给一个肚子很大的妇啊?” One white woman said men and women of the same race as her were more inclined to offer their seats. Many pregnant women said fellow women are more gracious in offering their seats, and there is always that woman who very loudly tries to publicly shame someone on their behalf to give up a seat. 一位白人女性说,和她同样肤色的男性和女性更愿意给自己让座。很多妇表示,女性同胞在让座方面更慷慨一些,而且往往是那些女性会试图大声地公开羞辱那些不让座的人。 Danielle Guzman, who is due at the end of the month, said unequivocally it was African-American men who offer up their seats during her daily commute to a job at Wall Street. She is white. Still, she only snags a seat about 25% of the time. 现年42岁、家住公园坡的丹妮尔#8226;古斯曼(Danielle Guzman)本月底即将分娩,她明确表示,在她每天乘地铁去华尔街上班的途中,给她让座的是非洲裔美国男性,她本人则是白人。不过她得到座位的概率也只有25%左右。 #39;I#39;ve never had a female ever, of any type, offer me a seat,#39; said the 42-year-old Park Slope resident. #39;I#39;ve had women look at me and make eye contact and smile, but then that#39;s it, they go back to whatever they#39;re doing.#39; 她说,“从来没有女性给我让过座,哪个种族的都一样。曾有女性看着我,用眼神示意微笑,但只是如此而已,然后她们就继续回去做自己的事情了。” There have been experiments on this kind of thing. Elizabeth Carey Smith, a graphic designer, kept track of the final four months of her pregnancy and documented the results. Out of 108 crowded train rides, she was offered seats 88 times and men and women were about equally willing to offer up a seat. The Greenpoint resident took a number of trains and found she fared the worst on the G and E. 曾有人就这个问题做过实验。平面设计师伊丽莎白#8226;凯莉#8226;史密斯(Elizabeth Carey Smith)在她怀的最后四个月里追踪记录下了自己的乘车经历。在她108次乘坐拥挤地铁的经历中,被让座88次,愿意让座的男性和女性比例大致相当。史密斯家住格林波伊恩特(Greenpoint),要乘坐多趟地铁,她发现自己在G线和E线上的待遇最糟糕。 New Yorkers, the Midwest transplant concluded, are more considerate than rude. 从美国中西部移居纽约的史密斯因此得出结论,能为他人考虑的纽约人要多过没礼貌的纽约人。 I#39;m still on the fence on whether I think that#39;s true. On Thursday, I rode the train with Ms. Koshy from the Union Turnpike stop in Kew Gardens into Manhattan, about a 30-minute ride. No one offered her a seat when she got on. A woman standing up with her young son frowned. 对此,笔者仍有些怀疑。不久前,我与科希一同从丘园小区的联合大道(Union Turnpike)地铁站,乘坐开往曼哈顿的地铁,全程共30分钟。当她上车时,没有人起来让座。一位带着年幼儿子站在一边的女士皱起了眉头。 #39;It#39;s very upsetting,#39; she said. #39;I#39;m from Poland, so it#39;s normal for us to give up a seat….The crowd will sneer if you don#39;t.#39; 她说,“这太让人不舒了。我从波兰来,在我们那里,让座是很正常的一件事……如果你不让座,大家会嘲笑你的。” Ms. Koshy stood in front of a row of six people. Two men were dozing. One older woman looked her up and down and went back to ing her tabloid. It wasn#39;t until one stop before hers that someone got up and another woman motioned for her to take the seat. 科希站在一排六人座前面。有两位男士在打盹儿,一位年长的女性上下打量了她一番,然后继续看手中的小报。直到地铁行至科希的倒数第二站时,才有人站起来,另外一位女士向科希示意要她坐下。 On the transfer to the No. 6 train, again there were no seats. An elderly man looked at her and looked down. A few seconds went by. 换乘六号线时,还是没有座位。一位年长男士上下打量了她一番。几秒钟过去了。 #39;You want to sit down?#39; asked Harvey Feuerstein, a dapper attorney who would be getting off at the next stop. 衣冠楚楚的律师哈维#8226;福伊尔施泰因(Harvey Feuerstein)问道,“你要坐这里吗?”他到下一站下车。 #39;Thank you,#39; she said, sitting down with relief. “谢谢,”科希回答道,坐下来松了一口气。 As he got up, a woman younger than him asked if he would like her seat. 当福伊尔施泰因站起身时,一个比他年轻的女士问他想不想坐在她的座位上。 Perhaps the MTA is onto something with that Courtesy is Contagious line after all. 或许大都会运输署这句“礼貌可以影响他人”的宣传语总归还是有些用处的。 /201208/197162

What came first, the chicken or the egg?先有鸡还是先有蛋? The egg. Final answer. As the geneticist Haldane remarked, "The most frequently asked question is: 'Which came first, the chicken or the egg?' The fact that it is still asked proves either that many people have never been taught the theory of evolution or that they don't believe it." With that in mind, the answer becomes obvious. Bird evolved from reptiles, so the first bird must have come out of an egg--laid by a reptile. 最终:先有蛋。遗传学家霍尔丹说,“人们经常会问先有鸡还是先有蛋这个问题,那只能说明人们没有学过进化理论或者说大家根本不相信进化理论。”如果相信进化理论的话,那么这个问题的是显而易见的。禽类是由爬虫类进化而来,所以,第一只禽鸟肯定是从爬虫类孵化的蛋里出来的。 /201110/157456

Large handbags are a health hazard for women, experts warned.With big handbags becoming a key fashion accessory for working women, health experts are warning they can also become a key health concern.如今,大手提包已成为职业女性一个不可缺少的时尚配件,而健康专家们日前发出警告,手提包也可能会成为一个不可小视的“健康杀手”。 Bags for women have become bigger and heavier as designers combine briefcases with handbags and straps have become longer but the extra leverage has many patients complaining of neck, shoulder and back problems.随着设计师将公文包和手提包的功能不断融合,女性用的手提包变得越来越大、越来越重,包带也随之加长,而这种额外的负担则让很多女性感到脖子、肩膀和背部不适。 ;I see so many women with neck pains and headaches and what I usually do is look for their purse and pick it up,; said Jane Sadler, a family practice physician at Baylor Medical Center in Garland, Texas.德克萨斯州加兰市贝勒医疗中心的家庭医生简?萨德勒说:“很多女性都有颈椎病和头疼病,而我通常则会从她们用的手提包来找原因。” ;We take it over to the scale and weigh it and usually they#39;re anywhere from 7 to 10 pounds (3.1-4.5 kgs)...We#39;re really going to see women with more and more problems later on if we continue the big purse craze.;“我们给她们用的手提包称重后发现,这些包的重量通常在6.2斤至9斤之间。如果女性继续用这种包,问题会越来越多。” William Case, a physical therapist in Houston, Texas, said an aggravated neck or shoulder can lead to upper back problems, meaning pain may then be felt while working at a computer or playing sports.德克萨斯州休斯敦的治疗专家威廉姆?凯斯说,颈部和肩膀问题的加重会影响到上背部,也就是说,坐在电脑前工作及进行体育运动时可能会感到上背部疼痛。 He urged designers ;to place a cute, educational caution tag on all bags to inform of potential neck and shoulder dangers.;他建议设计师们“在所有的包里加上一个可爱的‘温馨提示’标签,以提示女性朋友注意颈部和肩部健康。”Above all, he recommended correct posture while carrying bulky purses, keeping the head and shoulders aligned upright. Patients should also frequently change the size and weight of purses carried.他还特别强调了拎大手提包时要挺直身体。而且,颈椎和肩部有问题的女性应该经常交替使用不同大小和不同重量的包。 ;The extra-large purses are quite phenomenal. They look beautiful when the women wear them, but I don#39;t know how aware they are of the potential problems,; Case said.凯斯说:“超大号的手提包确实很‘酷’,拎起来也很漂亮。但我不知道女性对于这种包可能带来的潜在健康问题究竟了解多少。” /201301/223249

“2011.11.11”巨型光棍节,你是否还孑然一身?恭喜,你已经晋升为“神棍”了!有一种单身叫做宁缺勿滥,有一种单身只为等待某人。你单身的理由是什么?1. Everything in your house is yours.屋子里的东西都是你的。(新婚姻法神马的都是浮云)2. You don't have to hide gifts, receipts, and other purchase records in ridiculous places.礼物、收据以及其他各种消费单再也不用东躲西藏了。3. Valentines day costs less.情人节消费骤减。4. You don't have to worry as much about the "oops, I'm pregnant" factor.你不用再那么担心“天啊,我怀了”的事情。5. You can date more freely. 约会更自由。6. You don't ever have to wonder if you really love the person you live with.你不用再去纠结是否真心爱身边这个人。7. Suddenly, it's okay to look (and flirt).路边MM随意看随意调侃。8. It's easier to focus on your career and your dreams.有更多精力花在你的事业和梦想上。9. No endless nagging.唠叨少了,耳根清净了。10. The only person you have to dress up for is your boss.以后只需要为老板而打扮了。 /201111/160979

近年来,都市白领人群;过劳死(death from overwork);事件频发,很多年轻的生命在花样的年华就画上句号,我们在遗憾惋惜的同时,也应该更加关注自己的健康之本。The untimely death of a young office worker in Beijing has put the spotlight on the health risks associated with the lifestyles of white-collar workers.一名在京工作年轻白领的意外离世使得人们开始聚焦白领生活方式引发的健康危机。  Fang Yan, 23, an employee of Datang Mobile in Beijing, died after an acute stomach ulcer hemorrhaged on December 16. From several micro blog posts, the link between her degrading health and long working hours is hard to ignore.北京大唐移动公司的女员工方言于去年12月16日因突发急性胃溃疡出血致死,年仅23岁。从她发布的数条微里,我们可以发现她每况愈下的健康状况与过长的工作时间不无关系。;Washing my hair before going to bed gives me a migraine. Eating after 9 o#39;clock at night makes my stomach bleed. I am only 23, but I#39;m plagued by all sorts of physical defects aly,; wrote Fang 48 hours before her death.;长期睡前洗头种下了我的偏头痛,每天晚上九点后进食,吃完就睡养成了我的胃出血。年芳23,落下一身病。;这是方言去世前两天发的微。Her tragic death has fueled the debate about stressful lifestyles. Though China#39;s economy and living standards have improved significantly over the last decade, premature deaths resulting from unhealthy lifestyles are also on the rise.她的不幸离世激起人们对这种高压生活方式的热议。尽管,近十年来,中国的经济和生活水平都有了显著提升,但与此同时由于不健康的生活方式而导致早逝的人数也越来越多。According to Ciming Checkup Group, up to 76 percent of the white collar workers suffer from ;sub-health;. Nearly 60 percent were found to be stressed, while less than 3 percent have a perfect bill of health.据慈铭体检集团调查称, 高达76%的白领人群正处于亚健康状态。调查还发现,有近60%的白领压力过大,只有不到3%的人体检指标各项完好。The number of female white-collar workers who die as a result of cardiovascular disease is now twice the number of those who die of cancer.女性白领人群中因心血管疾病致死的人数是患癌症死亡人数的两倍。The report is based on the health checkup results of 3 million white-collar workers in more than 10 major cities, including Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou.这份报告是根据来自北上广等十座大城市的300万白领的体检结果得出的。It suggests that, due to an increasing lack of exercise, diseases such as diabetes are becoming more prevalent among a younger age group.报告还指出,由于缺乏锻炼的白领人数不断增长,像糖尿病这类疾病越来越年轻化。Health experts believe that university students and white-collar workers are particularly susceptible to risky lifestyles and few realize how permanent damage can be.健康专家认为,大学生和白领人群尤其易受不良生活方式的影响,且很少有人意识到这些习惯会造成多么长久的危害。Jiang Zhuoqin, Dean of the Department of Nutrition in the School of Public Health at Sun Yat-sen University says: ;Some young people suffer poor diet, often neglect exercise and stay out late at night. Others become addicted to drink and cigarettes.;中山大学公共卫生学院营养学系主任蒋卓勤表示:;有些年轻人饮食不规律,经常忽视锻炼而且还通宵熬夜,另一些则烟酒成瘾。;As health experts point out, most bad habits are deep-rooted and can be traced back to the struggles of college entrance examinations when most adopt a highly sedentary routine with irregular meals.营养专家指出,有些不良习惯已根深蒂固了,还是高考时遗留下来的,那时大部分人都是久坐不动,饮食也不规律。For many college recruits, newfound freedom ushers in an unrestricted and often harmful lifestyle. ;Being a distance from parents#39; care and suddenly gaining more free time, students seldom learn to regulate their daily schedule,; says Jiang.对于很多大学新生而言,一种从未发现的自由感带来的是无节制的有害的生活方式。蒋主任说,;远离父母的管束,而且忽然多出了很多空余时间,学生们大都不懂得怎样安排自己的日常生活。;Zhou Shiyuan, 18, sophomore majoring in landscape gardening in Beijing Forestry University says that often he will spend a whole night in front of a computer screen.就读于北京林业大学园林专业的大二学生周世远(音译),今年18岁,他说自己经常会整晚坐在电脑屏幕前。;It gives me a chronic headache and a stomach ache for missing breakfast,; Zhou says.;由于不吃早饭,我患上了慢性头痛和胃炎。;Stress also plays a large role in diminishing health. Major sources of stress for youngsters include academic requirements, job-hunting and parental expectations.压力也是健康的大敌。对于年轻人来说,压力主要来自课业,求职,还有家长的期望。;These factors can cause a negative mental state,; he says.周世远表示:;这些因素能够导致一种消极的心理状态。; /201201/168176

文章编辑: 爱问卫生