经典译文:荷尔蒙让我们的圣诞欢乐又疲惫 --1 1:59:0 来源： 经典译文It’s no secret that Christmas is a stressful time.圣诞节是一个充满压力的节日，这并不是什么秘密But scientists say the season’s hectic schedule and excesses of festive eating can wreak havoc upon hormones， driving even the sanest person slightly cuckoo come Boxing Day.但科学家们发现繁多的节日安排和不规律的节日饮食会导致荷尔蒙分泌紊乱，让最理智的人也变得疯狂起来Writing in the Journal of Neuroendocrinology earlier this year， the University of Edinburgh’s Mike Ludwig， predicted that come December， “it is inevitable that， once again， we will again totally surrender to the effects of our Christmas hormones.”今年早些时候，爱丁堡大学的迈克·路德维格（Mike Ludwig）在《神经内分泌学杂志撰文预测道：到了十二月，“我们会不可避免的再一次成为圣诞荷尔蒙作用的俘虏”He goes so far as describing their effects as “traumatic.”他甚至将这种作用定义为“创伤性的”Just how much those “Christmas hormones” take hostage of our bodies is described by Dr Robert Lustig from the University of Calinia at San Francisco.加州大学旧金山分校的罗伯特·勒斯蒂格（Robert Lustig）士向我们介绍了“圣诞荷尔蒙”对身体会产生何种程度的影响He told A’s Good Morning America that the season is fraught with hormonally-driven behaviour — driving irrational actions and thoughts.在荷尔蒙的影响下，我们会产生不理智的思想和行动在A电视台的早安美国节目中，他这样说道“Certainly， it brings out the best and worst of us in every which way，” said the neuroendocrinologist and professor of paediatrics. He says a potent mix of cortisol， serotonin and dopamine are at play over the holiday season.照这位神经内分泌学专家和儿科专家的说法，“圣诞荷尔蒙会让我们最好的一面和最坏的一面都展现出来”这其实是我们体内的皮质醇， 血清素和多巴胺在作怪While the togetherness of Christmas - ultimately what the day is all about — fosters surges in the happiness hormone， serotonin， the build up is characterised by high levels of stress， or cortisol.圣诞节家人团聚的幸福感会使血清素水平升高，伴随而来的高度紧张感又会使得皮质醇水平升高We seek quick contentment fixes in food， example， which boost dopamine levels temporarily.从食物中获取的快速的满足感，会使多巴胺水平短暂上升And the more that dopamine is triggered， the larger the amounts of food that are needed to feel the hormone’s pleasurable effects — which leads to over-eating， peaks and troughs of insulin and sugar highs and lows.多巴胺水平越高，我们就需要越多的食物来维持多巴胺带来的愉悦感——这样的暴饮暴食会导致胰岛素和血糖水平忽高忽低In the meantime， high stress levels see rises in blood pressure， suppression of the immune system and increased sugar production， he told the show.与此同时，高度紧张感会使血压升高，免疫系统受抑制，血糖水平上升It’s only to be expected that mood swings — and arguments — may ensue.可以预料，情绪波动和争吵会随之而来It’s perhaps no surprise， then， that close to 70 per cent of Americans say they are fatigued by Christmas， says the American Psychological Association.这样看来，美国心理协会称有近七成美国人在圣诞期间感到身心疲惫就不足为奇了Some comt， though， can be taken in another finding by the American Psychological Association， as cited by GMA， that almost 80 per cent of Americans feel positive and happy around the holidays.令人欣慰的是，在早安美国节目所引用的该协会另一项调查中，有近80%的美国人称他们在节日期间感到快乐Rather than let the holiday’s excesses defeat and traumatise， the secret is to make the most of your companions， family and friends over the period， suggests Dr Lustig.勒斯蒂格士建议，想要远离节日的挫败和失落感，秘诀是与朋友和家人一起过圣诞“Happiness has nothing to do with money. It has nothing to do with food，” he told the show’s site.“快乐与金钱无关快乐与食物无关”“The best is to have a commy and to be happy with what you’ve got.”“重要的是和大家一起，并能知足常乐”
专四冲刺：完型练习题+参考 -- 1:37: 来源： One supermarket in Tokyo has managed to solve the problems of shoplifting, ___1by cashiers, and long lines of customers waiting at cash registers. It is Japan's advanced computer technology that has come ___ with the answers.Shoppers at an OK supermarket on the outskirts of the city now push a cart ___3 a plastic card chained to it and buy from glass cases where the goods are on display. The plastic card has magnetic number imprinted on it. Each customer carries his or her own card, which is ___ at the entrance. While shopping, the customer pushes the card into a slot beside ___5 items are wanted and pushes a button or two. The glass covered vending machines are connected to a computer that ___6 the price of every item in the store. Prices of every purchase are added up automatically. When she has finished shopping, the customer hands her card to a cashier who ___7 it to the register. A second later the total pops out. Shoplifting is physically impossible. Once you touch a commodity the computer remembers it ___8 you hide it or even if you eat it on the spot. A cashier at the OK supermarket is now able to work times faster than her ___9 at a conventional supermarket. Only two cashiers, ___, are required at the store, which sells ,500 separate items. One man is enough to keep the vending machines filled, because of the stock a certain commodity is ___ to run out, a red lamp in the computer room___ him. But there are disadvantages too: a customer cannot change his or her mind ___ a purchase. Once ___, the item cannot be put back. The customer must go through a cashier with it first and get a refund later. There are also no ___ vegetables or fish on sale-everything is prepackaged.1. A. mistakes B. made C. done D. problems. A. together B. up C. along D. on3. A. with B. without C. carrying D. under. A. collected B. filled C. sent D. shown5. A. those B. what C.the number D. whichever6. A. shouts B. raises C. knows D. puts7. A. opens B. feeds C. s D. connects?8. A. except B. in spite of C. no matter how D. the way9. A. friend B. colleague C. company D. neighbour. A. instance B. still C. later D. however. A. not yet B. about C. at least D. y. A. warns B. sees C. watches D. protects. A. at B. making C. throughout D. about. A. brought B. handling C. moving D. touched. A. frozen B. stale C. fresh D. cooked参考及：1. A) 此空和shoplifting, long lines为并列结构，构成介词of的宾语，选项B和C可以排除;而选项D problems与of结构所修饰的problems有冲突，故只有选项A为正确. B) 此空涉及固定搭配come up with意为“提出，跟上”come along with意为“随同”，意义不符3. A) 通过分析此空所在句可知，现在光顾一家OK超市的顾客推着一辆拴有一个塑料卡片的手推车从货架上购物，空白处需要一个介词引导一个复杂宾语结构来修饰名词a cart，四个选项中只有with有此功能. A) 根据短文，这类超市发放的带有磁码的塑料卡片由每位顾客在购物时携带，出超市时在出口处被收集回来，此空应选A collected “收集，回收”，其它各选项意义不符5. D) 根据句义(顾客不管想买哪种商品他都需要把卡片插到这种商品旁边的插口里，然后一下钮)和结构(此空需要一个联接词语作介词beside的宾语)可知选项D为正确6. C) 电脑知道所有商品的价格，故C为正确7. B) 此题涉及动词意义搭配问题，feed意为“送入，插入”8. C) 经过分析可推断句义为“一旦你碰了一件商品，不管你把塑料片藏到哪儿，即便是吃到肚子里，电脑也会记录下来”，从而断定为C9. B) 此句带有比较状语从句，故空白处词应与句子主语相对应friend和neighbour不合逻辑，只有colleague为正确. A) 此句是一例子，故为A. B) “be about to”意为“即将发生…”. A) 根据句义应为A warns. A) “change one's mind at” 为固定搭配. D) 根据上文可知如果你碰了某种商品，电脑就会记录下来，从而推测此句句义为“一旦你碰了某个商品，就不能放回去了”本题正确为D. C) 根据上下文可断定为CWu lost money after investing in struggling electronic company, Alpha Photonitek Corporation, a couple of years ago.