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时间:2019年12月12日 19:44:14

I am thinking of an animal.我正在想一个动物It#39;s black and white, furry, and kind of like a Teddy bear.它黑白相间 毛茸茸的 有点像泰迪熊You are right, Squeaks. It#39;s a panda.Squeaks 你猜对了 它就是熊猫Kids all over the world have heard of pandas, but have you ever seen one?全世界的孩子都听说过熊猫 但你见过吗?If you are lucky, you may have seen one in the zoo.你可能有幸在动物园看到过But I am pretty sure, you never come across one just walking around.但我肯定 你不会随随便便在大街上就能碰上熊猫That#39;s because pandas are very rare.那是因为熊猫相当稀有And we can learn a lot from them about what all kinds of animals need to survive in the wild.我们能从它们身上了解到很多动物们野外生存的需求The animals you and I know as pandas are actually called ; Gaint Panda;.我们所知的熊猫,其学名实际上是;大熊猫;And they are bears, in the same family as brown and black bears.大熊猫属于熊科 与棕熊和黑熊属于同一科And pandas like all animals need certain things to live,大熊猫与其他动物一样需要在特定的条件下生存like food, water and a place to sleep and be safe.如食物、水以及用于休息且安全的场所We call the place where an animal has all of these things that needs to live, it#39;s ;habitat;.我们把满足动物所有生存条件的地方称为;栖息地;The place where you live is your habitat.你生活的地方就是你的栖息地But let#39;s find out what a panda#39;s habitat looks like.那让我们看看熊猫的栖息地是什么样子All pandas that live in the wild ,that is, they are in zoos,所有生活在野外,也就是动物园的熊猫,can be found in the mountains of China都来自于中国大山深处The weather there is cool and wet, and the forests in these mountains make up the panda#39;s habitat.那里气候湿冷 深山中的森林成了熊猫的栖息地Pandas make their homes called dens in places like the stumps of trees or inside big hollow logs.熊猫把窝筑在树桩上或者中空的树洞里So these mountain forests give pandas a place to sleep and be safe.所以这些山林给熊猫提供了栖息地和安全感But the habitat also needs to provide food for the animals that live there.但是栖息地也要为生活在这里的动物们提供食物And the panda#39;s favorite food, by far, is a plant called ;bamboo;.目前 熊猫最喜欢的食物是竹子Pandas eat a lot of bamboo and quickly.熊猫的食量很大而且进食迅速They have to eat a lot to get as big as they do.为了保持庞大的体型 他们必须吃很多But the problem with the panda#39;s diet is they don#39;t eat much else.但熊猫的饮食问题是 他们不太吃竹子之外的食物The fact is they are very picky eaters.事实上,它们很挑食!So a panda#39;s habitat has to have a lot of bamboo growing in it.所以熊猫的栖息地必须有很多竹子Luckily, the cool wet forest of China are a great place for growing bamboo.幸运的是 中国的湿冷森林适宜竹子生长All and all, these forests are the perfect habitats for pandas.总之 这些山林是大熊猫的完美栖息地But, there is a problem. The panda#39;s habitat is getting smaller.但问题是 熊猫的栖息地正在不断缩小A long time ago, there used to be a lot of mountain forests for the bears to live in.很久以前 有大片适于熊猫生活的山林But people started to cut down a lot of forests to make room for buildings, and to use the wood for fuel.但是人们开始砍树造房 烧柴生火As they did this, the panda#39;s habitat got smaller, and separated into pieces.长此以往 熊猫的栖息地变得越来越小并且越来越分散了Pandas started to have problems finding enough food to eat, and safe places to have their babies.熊猫们开始找不到足够的食物了 也没有安全的巢穴照顾宝宝了And as their habitat got smaller, so did the number of pandas.随着栖息地越来越小 熊猫的数量也越来越少So today there are far fewer pandas than there were a long time ago.所以 现在熊猫的数量远少于之前Scientists think there are fewer than 2,000 pandas living in the wild today.科学家们估计 现在野生大熊猫的总数不到2000只But there is a good news.但也有个好消息Once people learned that pandas were in trouble, they started to do things to help them.人们意识到了熊猫们的困境 开始行动起来帮助它们了People are not allowed to cut down trees in the panda#39;s habitat any more.比如禁止人们在熊猫栖息地伐木And scientists and volunteers have planted bamboo in trees to try to make the panda#39;s habitat bigger again.科学家和志愿者开始在树林中种竹子 试图扩大熊猫的栖息地It#39;s hard work, but lots of people are trying to solve the problem.虽然这是一项艰巨的任务 但是很多人都在努力解决这个问题So pandas are aly famous for being cute and kindly,尽管熊猫因为可爱和亲切而声名大噪but there also a great example of how all animals need a healthy habitat in order to survive.但是 也给了我们一个警示 动物们需要一个健康的栖息地来生存Anyhow, sometimes we can help protect for them.无论如何 我们都帮助保护它们Thanks for joining us on Scishow Kids.谢谢观看本期儿童科学秀节目Is there an animal that you like to learn more about?你有想了解的动物吗?If you have a question about the world around you,如果对于周围的世界存有疑惑grab a grownup and ask them to help you leave a comment down below,让大人在下方留言or send us an e-mail to kids@scishow.com.或者发电子邮件到kids@scishow.comThanks, I#39;ll see you next time, here at the fort.下次再见! Article/201706/513724

TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想 Article/201607/452224

Two new reports point to an alarming increase in the number of women that could die from cancer in the near future.两项新的报告指出,不久的将来可能死于癌症的女性数量在惊人的增加。Researchers predict that by 2030, 5.5 million women could be dying from cancer every year. According to the American Cancer Society, that would be an almost 60 percent rise in deaths over just two decades.研究人员预测,到2030年每年有550万名女性死于癌症。根据美国癌症协会,仅在二十年这一数据增加了近百分之60.The majority of these deaths would likely come from breast cancer. Another recent report predicts breast cancer diagnoses could almost double by the year 2030.这些死亡中大部分可能来自乳腺癌。另一份最新报告预测,到2030年乳腺癌的诊断几乎翻了一倍。Many of these deaths would occur in low- and middle-income countries. Far fewer cancer cases are diagnosed and treated in poor countries, leading to more deaths.许多这些死亡发生在低收入和中等收入国家。在贫穷国家,很少有癌症病例被诊断和治疗,这导致更多的死亡。But it#39;s not all about screening and treatment. Researchers note as countries improve economically, the women in those countries will be exposed to other cancer risk factors more commonly seen in wealthy nations,like obesity and physical inactivity.但这并不仅是筛选和治疗。研究人员注意到,随着国家经济改善,这些国家的女性将面临其它癌症高危因素,如富裕国家很常见的肥胖和缺乏锻炼。译文属。 Article/201611/476199

TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想 Article/201610/468000


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