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时间:2020年01月19日 23:56:19

Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (front L) and first lady Akie Abe disembark from a plane at the Beijing Capital International Airport in Beijing, October 8, 2006.While nearly 80 percent of Japanese say they are patriotic, most of that majority say their country should own up to, and reflect on, its record of aggression in Asia, according to a poll published in a newspaper yesterday.The Asahi Shimbun said 78 percent of 1,805 respondents to the December 2-3 poll felt at least some degree of patriotism. The figure was slightly lower than the 80 percent recorded in a similar poll conducted in April 2005, the daily said.At the same time, 88 percent of those claiming to be patriots said Japanese must consider their country's militaristic past and brutal colonial rule in Asia, the Asahi said.The results reflect public concerns about Japanese friction with China and South Korea over their shared history, the Asahi said.Japan's relations with its Asian neighbors have often been poor because of Tokyo's lack of contrition for its aggression and harsh colonial rule in the first half of the 20th century.Repeated visits by former prime minister Junichiro Koizumi to the Yasukuni Shrine that honors war criminals from World War II have further strained those ties.The Shinzo Abe government has pursued a policy agenda aimed at bolstering Japan's international military role.However, Japan's relations with China and South Korea have improved after Abe took power in September last year. His first overseas trips as prime minister were to Beijing and Seoul and there have been several initiatives in recent months to thaw ties.昨天公布的一项调查显示,虽然80%的日本人说自己是爱国人士,但其中的大多数人认为日本应该面对历史,应对自己曾对亚洲一些国家的侵略行为进行反省。据《朝日新闻》报道,这项在12月2日和3日进行的调查共有1805人参加,调查显示,其中有78%的人认为自己至少有点爱国心,略低于2005年4月一项类似调查的80%。此外,在自认为有爱国心的受访者中,88%的人认为日本必须面对自己的军国主义历史以及曾在亚洲一些国家进行的残酷殖民统治。《朝日新闻》称,调查结果表明,日本民众对政府与中韩两国在历史问题上的分歧较为关注。20世纪上半叶,由于日本政府对其过去的侵略行为和残酷的殖民统治毫无悔意,所以日本与亚洲邻国的关系一直很差。再加上日本前首相小泉纯一郎多次参拜供奉二战战犯的靖国神社,使得日本与邻国的关系更为紧张。安倍晋三首相上任后,政府出台了一系列旨在加强日本国际军事角色的政策。然而,自安倍首相去年九月上任后,日本与中韩两国的关系有所改善。安倍首相上任后出访的第一站就是北京和首尔。此外,近几个月还出台了几项旨在“解冻”关系的新计划。 /200808/46489

Losing weight is not easy. The simple phrase of "eat less and move more" is not so simple in the real world where food is ily available 24/7, inexpensive, and in such large portions! Our multitasking lives lead to eating on the run, skipping meals, and leaving physical activity at the bottom of the "to-do" list. A recipe for the ded "weight creep". We know what to do to lose weight (many of us are walking calorie counters), but can't seem to keep it together for the long term.A new study from the Journal of the American Medical Association has shed some light on a motivator supporting a weight loss effort, at least for the short term: money.Three groups were given the task of losing 16 pounds in 16 weeks (that's a pound a week - realistic and manageable with moderate effort). One group had no financial motivation and lost an average of 4 pounds in 16 weeks. The other two groups had financial motivation, and lost three times more weight - an average of about 13-14 pounds.The big question: could they keep the weight off? Even the financially motivated groups regained some weight in follow up, after the active study was completed (the money phase was done), but weighed less than when they started.While many diet studies don't easily translate to our real world lives, this one can. Create your own financial incentive to help stay on track. Set some reasonable goals, and "reward" yourself with a quarter, or a dollar, or whatever amount you choose when meeting your daily goals. These might include a 30 minute walk, 5 daily fruits and vegetables, or sticking to non/low-calories beverages. Establishing your "weight loss account" for a purchase of a special indulgence - like a manicure, massage, cosmetic, running shoes, DVD, or whatever is a treat to you - can both jump start your initial effort, and help keep you on track for the long term.How do you stick to your weight loss plan? /200812/59855

Engaging in a hobby like ing a book, making a patchwork quilt or even playing computer games can delay the onset of dementia, a US study suggests.美国一项研究表明:从事一些业余爱好,如读书、缝制百衲被,甚至是玩电脑游戏,都能减缓痴呆症发病。Watching TV however does not count--and indeed spending significant periods of time in front of the box may speed up memory loss, researchers found.但是研究者们发现,看电视起不到这一作用——在电视机前消磨大量时间反而可能加速失忆。Nearly 200 people aged 70 to 89 with mild memory problems were compared with a group who had no impairment.研究者们将近200名70岁至89岁、有轻微失忆问题的老人和一组没有此症状的老人进行了对比。The researchers from the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota asked the volunteers about their daily activities within the past year and how mentally active they had been between the age of 50 to 65.明尼苏达州梅奥医疗中心的研究者们询问了参与调查的志愿者过去一年的日常活动,以及他们50岁至65岁期间头脑的活跃状况。Those who had during middle age been busy ing, playing games or engaging in craft hobbies like patchworking or knitting were found to have a 40% reduced risk of memory impairment.那些中年时忙于读书、玩游戏或是忙于拼布、编织等手工爱好的人,其衰退的可能性降低了40%。In later life, those same activities reduced the risk by between 30 and 50%.随着年龄的增长,坚持同样的活动能降低30%至50%的失忆可能性。 /200907/79385

1 What Are Your Assets and Liabilities?  问题一:你的资产和负债状况如何?  This question is paramount because assets and liabilities are the basic building blocks of the financial life you'll live together. Assets (banks accounts, investments, retirement plans and a house) help you strive for the life you want. The liabilities (a mortgage, credit-card debt, auto loans and leases) will hold you back.  这个问题至关重要,因为资产负债状况是夫妻共同财务生活的基石所在。资产(存款、投资理财、退休计划和持有房产等)能让你过上自己想要的幸福生活,负债(住房抵押贷款、信用卡债务、汽车贷款和租车费用等)则把你往相反的方向拉。  Your goal is to pinpoint where you are financially as a couple so that you can map out where you want to go together. That could mean determining how much you want to save each month for retirement, or how much you want to put into an account for a new house, a new car or an annual vacation.  你的目标是要准确了解双方共同的财务状况,这样才能规划出两人今后的奋斗目标,包括决定每月存多少钱用于退休生活,或者存多少钱来买一栋新房子、一辆新汽车或每年出去度一次假。  It also could mean talking about how you each use debt and the amount of debt you each have -- and mapping out a plan to pay off as quickly as possible the combined debt you will have as a family.  这个话题的交流还包括双方如何选择负债,以及负债的具体金额,并拟定一个计划,在尽可能短的时间里偿还双方组建家庭后的共同债务。  The best way to approach this: Present each other with a copy of your net-worth statement, a simple list of all your assets and liabilities. And voice no judgments. Mocking a partner's choices will simply lead to future silence.  讨论的最佳方式是:给对方一份自己的净价值表,简明扼要地列出你的资产和负债项目。记住,不要妄加评判,嘲笑对方的财务选择会直接切断双方未来的交流途径。 /201002/97124

最近,美国的医生们新奇地发现老牌乐团比吉斯1977年发表的迪斯科舞曲《活着》可以帮助他们在帮心脏病人做心肺复苏时更好地掌握节奏。美国心脏协会要求心肺复苏时的心脏按压频率为每分钟100下,而这首舞曲每分钟的节奏为103下,二者频率相当吻合。听着这首舞曲接受心肺复苏训练的医学院学生在做心脏按压时也能很好地控制频率。U.S. doctors have found the Bee Gees 1977 disco anthem "Stayin' Alive" provides an ideal beat to follow while performing chest compressions as part of CPR on a heart attack victim.The American Heart Association calls for chest compressions to be given at a rate of 100 per minute in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)(心肺复苏). "Stayin' Alive" almost perfectly matches that, with 103 beats per minute.CPR is a lifesaving technique involvingchest compressions(心脏按压) alone or with mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing(口对口人工呼吸). It is used in emergencies such as cardiac arrest in which a person's breathing or heartbeat has stopped.CPR can triple survival rates, but some people are reluctant to do it in part because they are unsure about the proper rhythm for chest compressions. But research has shown many people do chest compressions too slowly during CPR.In a small study headed by Dr. David Matlock of the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, listening to "Stayin' Alive" helped 15 doctors and medical students to perform chest compressions on dummies at the proper speed.Five weeks after practicing with the music playing, they were asked to perform CPR again on dummies by keeping the song in their minds, and again they kept up a good pace."The theme 'Stayin' Alive' is very appropriate for the situation," Matlock said in a telephone interview on Thursday. "Everybody's heard it at some point in their life. People know the song and can keep it in their head."The findings will be presented this month at a meeting of the American College of Emergency Physicians in Chicago. /200810/54040

There are toilet-paper tiffs, thermostat scuffles, ongoing debates over money, sex and the television remote. And then there are the laundry wars."My husband has this thing with laundry that drives me nuts," says Amelia Zatik-Sawyer, a 28-year-old mother of two in Cleveland."He's supposed to wash and I'm supposed to fold, but he does like 10 loads at a time and then dumps it all on the bed. With two little kids, I don't have time to fold 10 loads all at once, so I'll leave it. And then he'll come home and throw it into the closet so he can get into bed. And then it just spirals out of control from there."For many couples, spats are a necessary evil, something to endure or avoid (for the sake of the kids!). But new research at the University of Michigan shows that hashing out marital disagreements is actually good for your health. It's squelching anger, especially when you feel you've been wronged, that's dangerous.A study published in January followed 192 married couples in Michigan from 1971 to 1988 and found that those who kept their anger in when unfairly attacked did not live as long as those who expressed their anger, says lead study author Ernest Harburg, Ph.D., an emeritus research scientist at the University of Michigan's School of Public Health and psychology department."We're all interested in longevity," says Harburg, who's studied the health effects of spousal sparring for over 30 years. "We watch our diet, we exercise. Now we need to add 'express anger constructively' to that list."Women in particular may put their health at risk by holding back during arguments with their spouse, a 10-year study of 4,000 men and women from Framingham, Massachusetts, found. "Women who 'self-silenced' during conflict with their spouse, compared with women who did not, had four times the risk of dying, " according to findings published in 2007 in the journal "Psychosomatic Medicine."But high schools don't offer Squabbling 101. So what are the nuts and bolts of a healthy fight?Express YourselfHarburg says the first step is to let the person know you're mad -- the sooner, the better."You can either express your anger directly or you can say, 'That makes me angry, but I don't want to talk about it now; let's discuss it later'," he says. "But in order to solve the problem, you need to first express your emotions."For some, even acknowledging a problem can be a problem.Eunice Verstegen of Seattle, a program manager for a large county agency, says her upbringing in Wisconsin prevented her from voicing her true feelings with her first husband, who was her polar opposite politically, emotionally and even gastronomically."I was taught to be nice and to keep my feelings buried," she says. "And as a result, I was silently miserable. But with my second husband, if something bothers me, I don't let it simmer. I speak right up."Don't pout, let it outOthers let their actions do the talking."When I'm mad about something, I'll do the heavy sighing thing or toss the silverware as I unload the dishwasher, which drives my husband nuts," says Jackie Papandrew, 44, a syndicated columnist from Largo, Florida. "To him, the silent treatment is the worst thing in the world. He'll pester me and pester me until I finally blow up or laugh."Papandrew admits she's also gone the passive-aggressive route, like the time she hid the remote because she was angry her husband watched so much TV -- and forgot where she hid it."If pouting leads to talking about the issue, then you're ahead of the game," says Harburg. "But passive-aggressive behavior doesn't work. It doesn't solve the problem. The best thing is if you can establish some kind of ritual, like regularly sitting down at a table to talk about your issues."Communication and compromiseLaundry warrior Zatik-Sawyer uses a digital version of the kitchen-table confessional."My blog has become my therapy," she says. "When I have issues, I'll write a blog post and my husband will it at work. And then he'll come home and we'll talk about the problem and solve it. If we have issues, they never really last longer than a couple of hours."Harburg says both partners have to be willing to listen and work toward a compromise; otherwise it's a no-go."If you get into a zone where someone's impeding the discussion, then you can't solve the problem," he says. "Fear, intimidation, dirty looks, belittling remarks -- that's over the line. But if you can listen to each other, and hear what the other person is feeling and thinking, then you can reach a compromise: 'OK, I won't do this if you won't do that.'"One final tip: Keep your sense of humor."Years ago, my husband and I were having a big spat, really yelling at each other," says Verstegen. "I screamed at him, 'You're so selfish!' There was this long silence and then he said, 'Did you just call me a shellfish?' I started laughing and that was the end of the fight." /200812/59934


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