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2019年09月21日 04:22:25 | 作者:大河资讯 | 来源:新华社
I’m a bit shy when I have to speak in English. I’m a little worried about making mistakes. I also still lack confidence. Many of my friends don’t worry about mistakes. They just talk and talk. They always get their message across, even if their grammar is wrong. I think this is the best thing to do. My teacher always says it’s best to learn by doing. If I don’t try to speak English, I’ll never be able to use it when I need it. One thing I started doing recently was talking to myself. I have short conversations with myself. I think it works. I also make short stories about people and say them aloud. I do this in my room, of course. People would think I’m crazy if I did it in class or on the train. Article/201104/132394江山易改,本性能移Transsexuality is an interesting, if baffling, subject for most people. It is often confused with transvestitism, even though the two are distinctly different.Transvestites feel a compulsion to dress in clothing that is considered appropriate to the other sex, while still feeling comfortable with their given sex. Transsexuals, on the other hand, feel a strong dissonance between their sex---their physical selves, and their gender---their identity in society. Basically, they feel as if they are trapped in a body of the wrong sex.This condition, called gender dysphoria, is not merely a disposition, but an unsuppressable urge. Along with their discomfort with their own bodies, transsexuals must contend with stigma, shame, and sometimes violence, in an unaccepting society. Difficulties that transsexuals face are so great, in fact, that 50 percent of them die before the age of 30---the vast majority from suicide. Transsexual feelings are strong, in part, because they have a biological basis. They are caused by different factors including a critically timed hormone released by the mother during gestation.Other confirmation of transsexuality's biological roots are its existence in cultures all over the world throughout time. From Greece to Africa, from India to North America, transsexuals held a sacred place in primitive societies and were allowed to live as the gender of their choosing.Modern classification and medical treatment of transsexuals began in 1930 with the first sex change operation. Still, for decades afterward, the mainstream medical community saw transsexuality as a mental disorder. After the ‘60s, however, studies supported a biological cause. Scientists also learned that transsexuality is evenly split between males and females, and that transsexuals may be straight, gay, bisexual, or asexual. A greater understanding of gender dysphoria has led to methods of reassigning transsexuals to a congruent sex. These include hormone treatments, which soften the skin and enlarge the breasts of men and deepen the voice and increase facial hair in women. While these measures help assuage transsexual identity issues, many transsexuals choose to take the next step and have sex reassignment surgery. Sex reassignment surgery is expensive and may be done with or without modification of the genitals. Female-to-male transsexuals present a greater challenge, as doctors are as yet unable to construct a fully functional penis. However, despite potential problems, sex reassignment surgery has a huge rate of success: 97 percent of female-to-male transsexuals are satisfied with the results, as are 87 percent of males who become females. It is hoped that these scientific advances, along with a greater understanding of transsexualism, will lead to more fulfilling lives for transsexuals. Perhaps in the future, they will be accepted as just another unique group in society.1. baffling a. 令人困惑的,难解的2. dissonance n. 不合3. disposition n. 倾向4. stigma n. 污名,耻辱5. mainstream a. 主流的 6. congruent a. 相合的7. assuage v. 缓和8. genitals n. 生殖器变性欲,对多数人而言,即使难以理解,但也仍是一个感兴趣的话题。变性欲与易装癖常被混淆,尽管两者截然不同。异装癖者会感到一种内心的冲动驱使他(她)们去穿那些更适合异性穿着的饰而仍对他们固有的性别感到满意——变性欲者则会对他们的性(别)──自己的身体及性别──社会身份,感到非常不协调。基本上,他们觉得自己陷进了错误性别的躯体中。这种情况被称为性别焦虑的状态,不仅仅是一种意向,更是一种无法抑制的冲动。变性欲者除了对自己的身体感到厌恶,他们身处不能接纳他们的社会,还要对抗污名、羞辱,甚至暴力。变性欲者面临着重重困难,以至于他们中百分之五十的人事实上都活不到30岁──大部分人都自杀了。变性的感觉是很强烈的,部分是有他们生物学上的根据的。造成这种情况的因素不尽相同,其中包括母亲怀的关键时刻释放出来的荷尔蒙。变性欲有其生物学根源的另一实是它长期以来始终存在于世界各地的文化之中。从希腊到非洲,印度到北美,变性欲者在原始社会中具有神圣的地位,并且还被允许按照他们选择的性别来生活。现代对变性欲者的分类和医学治疗始于1930年的首次变性手术。尽管如此,在几十年后,主流医学界仍将变性欲视为一种精神错乱。然而,60年代以后,研究结果却实变性欲是因为生物学上的原因。科学家也发现变性欲平均分布于两性之间,而且变性欲者可能是异性恋、同性恋、双性恋,或无性者。对性别焦虑状态有了进一步的了解,便产生了将变性欲者重新分配到适合自身的性别中去的种种方法。其中包括能让男性皮肤变细、胸部变丰满,或让女性声音变得低沉、脸部的毛发增多的荷尔蒙疗法。这些方法有助于缓和由变性欲者的身分引起的争议,但仍然有许多变性欲者选择更进一步的措施,做变性手术。变性手术费用高,完成后可能将生殖器改造或维持原状。想变成男性的女变性欲者面临的挑战较大,因为医生们至今仍无法造出功能齐全的男性生殖器。然而,撇开潜在的问题不谈,变性手术的成功率非常高:97%变成男性及87%变成女性的变性欲者,对结果感到满意。希望科学的进步和人们对变性欲更深的了解,能为变性欲者带来更美满的生活。或许在将来,他们只是被视为另外一群独特的人,而被社会接纳。 Article/200803/30283Overpopulation is a real problem. It could kill the Earth. Very soon, there will be too many people and not enough land. There won't be enough farms to grow food for everyone. We'll eat all of the fish in the sea. And our pollution will cause more global warming. I think we are in a very serious situation. I don’t know what the answer is. Our leaders don't seem too worried. They never see the bigger picture. The world's population is exploding, and explosions cause great damage. More and more people are living longer and longer. We have better medicines. Our scientists have found cures to many diseases. There are many reasons. What we really need to do is think about how overpopulation is damaging the Earth. Article/201106/141688

Susan B. Anthony: She Fought for U.S. Women's Right to VoteWritten by Shelley Gollust (MUSIC) VOICE ONE: People in America, a program in Special English on the Voice of America. In the eighteen-fifties, women in the ed States began to try to gain the same rights as men. One woman was a leader in the campaign to gain women the right to vote.I'm Stan Busby. VOICE TWO: And I'm Shirley Griffith. Today we tell about a fighter for rights for women, Susan B. Anthony. (MUSIC) VOICE ONE: In seventeen seventy-six, a new nation declared its freedom from Britain. The Declaration of Independence was the document written to express the reasons for seeking that freedom. It stated that all men were created equal. It said that all men had the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. VOICE TWO: Not every citizen of the new ed States of America had one important right, however. That was the right to vote. At first, the only people permitted to vote in the ed States were white men who owned property and could . By eighteen sixty, most white male citizens over the age of twenty-one had the right to vote. The Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments to the Constitution gave black male citizens the right to vote. These amendments were passed in eighteen sixty-eight and eighteen seventy. VOICE ONE: Women were not really full citizens in America in the eighteen hundreds. They had no economic independence. For example, everything a woman owned when she got married belonged to her husband. If a married woman worked, the money she made belonged to her husband. In addition, women had no political power. They did not have the right to vote. In the eighteen fifties, women organized in an effort to gain voting rights. Their campaign was called the women's suffrage movement. Suffrage means the right to vote. American women sought to gain that right for more than seventy years. (MUSIC) VOICE TWO: One of the leaders of the movement was Susan B. Anthony of Massachusetts. Miss Anthony was a teacher. She believed that women needed economic and personal independence. She also believed that there was no hope for social improvement in the ed States until women were given the same rights as men. The rights included the right to vote in public elections. VOICE ONE: Susan B. Anthony was born in eighteen twenty. Her parents were members of the Quaker religion. She became one too. The Quakers believed that the rights of women should be honored. They were the first religious group where women shared the leadership with men. VOICE TWO: As a young woman, Susan had strong beliefs about justice and equality for women and for black people. And she was quick to speak out against what she believed was not just. Many young men wanted to marry her. But she could not consider marrying a man who was not as intelligent as she. She once said: "I can never understand why intelligent girls should want to marry fools just to get married. Many are willing to do so. But I am not. " She did meet some young men who were intelligent. But it always seemed that they expected women to be their servants, not their equals.VOICE ONE:Susan B. Anthony became a school teacher in New York state. She realized that women could never become full citizens without some political power. They could never get such power until they got the right to vote. She went from town to town in New York state trying to get women interested in their right to vote. But they did not seem interested. Miss Anthony felt this was because women were not able to do anything for themselves. They had no money, or property of their own. The struggle seemed long and hard. She said: VOICE TWO:"As I went from town to town, I understood more and more the evil we must fight. The evil is that women cannot change anything as long as they must depend on men for their very lives. Women cannot change anything until they themselves are independent. They cannot be free until they have the legal right to own property and to keep the money they make by working. " (MUSIC) VOICE ONE: Miss Anthony went to every city, town and village in New York state. She organized meetings in schools, churches, and public places. Everywhere she went, she carried pamphlets urging rights for women. She urged the lawmakers of New York to change the state law and give women the right to own property. Her campaign in New York failed at that time. But elsewhere the struggle for women's rights was making progress. VOICE TWO:In eighteen fifty-one, Susan B. Anthony met Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Missus Stanton also supported equal rights for women. Missus Stanton had many children. She needed to remain at home to raise her large family. Miss Anthony, however, was not married. She was free to travel, to speak, and to organize for the women's rights movement. The two women cooperated in leading the fight to gain rights for women in the ed States. Their first important success came in eighteen sixty when New York finally approved a married woman's law. For the first time in New York, a married woman could own property. And, she had a right to the money she was paid for work she did. At last, Miss Anthony's campaign was beginning to show results. The campaign sp to other states.(MUSIC) VOICE ONE: The end of the American Civil War in eighteen sixty-five freed Negroes from slavery. Susan B. Anthony felt that there was still much to be done to get full freedom -- for Negroes and also for women. She began to campaign for the right for Negroes and women to vote. The Fourteenth Amendment to the ed States Constitution was approved in eighteen sixty-eight. It gave Negro men the right to vote. But it did not give women the right to vote.VOICE TWO: Susan B. Anthony led efforts to have voting rights for women included in the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. Her efforts were not successful. Then Miss Anthony decided to test the legal basis of the Fourteenth Amendment. She did this during the presidential election of eighteen seventy-two. On election day, Miss Anthony led a group of women to vote in Rochester, New York. Two weeks later, Miss Anthony was arrested. She was charged with voting although she had no legal right to do so.VOICE ONE: Before her trial, Susan B. Anthony traveled around New York state. She spoke to many groups about the injustice of denying women the right to vote. She said: VOICE TWO:"Our democratic, republican government is based on the idea that every person shall have a voice and a vote in making the laws and putting them to work. It is we, the people -- all the people -- not just white men or men only, who formed this nation. We formed it to get liberty not just for half of us -- not just for half of our children -- but for all, for women as well as men. "Is the right to vote a necessary right of citizens? To my mind, it is a most important right. Without it, all other rights are nothing. " VOICE ONE: Susan B. Anthony was tried and found guilty of violating the law. She was ordered to pay one hundred dollars as a punishment. She said the law was wrong. She refused to pay. Miss Anthony then led efforts to gain voting rights for women through a new amendment to the Constitution. She traveled across the country to campaign for such an amendment until she was seventy-five years old. In nineteen-oh-four, she spoke to a committee of the ed States Senate for the last time. The committee was discussing the proposal for an amendment to the Constitution giving women the right to vote. She knew the victory would come. But she also knew it would not come while she was alive.VOICE TWO: Susan B. Anthony died in nineteen-oh-six at the age of eighty-six. Thirteen years later, in nineteen nineteen, Congress passed the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution. The amendment stated that the right to vote shall not be denied because of a person's sex. The amendment had to be approved by three-fourths of the states. It won final approval on August twenty-sixth, nineteen twenty. It was called the Anthony Amendment, to honor Susan B. Anthony.(MUSIC)VOICE ONE: This Special English program was written by Shelley Gollust. It was produced by Lawan Davis. I'm Stan Busby. VOICE TWO: And I'm Shirley Griffith. Join us again next week for another People in America program on the Voice of America. Article/200803/29373

Helen stepped outside her front door to see what the weather was like. It was sunny and warm. That was nice, because for the past two weeks it had been cold and rainy. It had been so cold that she had had to turn her heater on. She was lucky, because her heater worked and she could pay her heating bills.Some people in Los Angeles were not so lucky. Unable to use their home heater, they placed charcoal into a barbecue grill and lit it. The heat kept them warm, but the carbon monoxide killed them.This happens almost every winter in Los Angeles. People shut all the windows tight to keep the cold out, then light the charcoal. Soon enough, the oxygen in their home is consumed by the open flames. The family suffocates to death.Everyone knows that smoke detectors are required in Los Angeles. But many people don't know about, or don't think they need, carbon monoxide detectors. They're not expensive. A investment can save a family from death.People always think that nothing bad will happen to them; it always happens to "the other guy." So they forget to put fresh batteries into their smoke detectors annually, and they don't bother to buy carbon monoxide detectors. Article/201104/130145

2Solomon gave orders to build a temple for the Name of the Lord and a royal palace for himself. 2He conscripted seventy thousand men as carriers and eighty thousand as stonecutters in the hills and thirty-six hundred as foremen over them. 3Solomon sent this message to Hiram king of Tyre: "Send me cedar logs as you did for my father David when you sent him cedar to build a palace to live in. 4Now I am about to build a temple for the Name of the Lord my God and to dedicate it to him for burning fragrant incense before him, for setting out the consecrated b regularly, and for making burnt offerings every morning and evening and on Sabbaths and New Moons and at the appointed feasts of the Lord our God. This is a lasting ordinance for Israel. 5"The temple I am going to build will be great, because our God is greater than all other gods. 6But who is able to build a temple for him, since the heavens, even the highest heavens, cannot contain him? Who then am I to build a temple for him, except as a place to burn sacrifices before him? 7"Send me, therefore, a man skilled to work in gold and silver, bronze and iron, and in purple, crimson and blue yarn, and experienced in the art of engraving, to work in Judah and Jerusalem with my skilled craftsmen, whom my father David provided. 8"Send me also cedar, pine and algum logs from Lebanon, for I know that your men are skilled in cutting timber there. My men will work with yours 9to provide me with plenty of lumber, because the temple I build must be large and magnificent. 10I will give your servants, the woodsmen who cut the timber, twenty thousand cors of ground wheat, twenty thousand cors of barley, twenty thousand baths of wine and twenty thousand baths of olive oil." 11Hiram king of Tyre replied by letter to Solomon: "Because the Lord loves his people, he has made you their king." 12And Hiram added: "Praise be to the Lord , the God of Israel, who made heaven and earth! He has given King David a wise son, endowed with intelligence and discernment, who will build a temple for the Lord and a palace for himself. 13"I am sending you Huram-Abi, a man of great skill, 14whose mother was from Dan and whose father was from Tyre. He is trained to work in gold and silver, bronze and iron, stone and wood, and with purple and blue and crimson yarn and fine linen. He is experienced in all kinds of engraving and can execute any design given to him. He will work with your craftsmen and with those of my Lord , David your father. 15"Now let my Lord send his servants the wheat and barley and the olive oil and wine he promised, 16and we will cut all the logs from Lebanon that you need and will float them in rafts by sea down to Joppa. You can then take them up to Jerusalem." 17Solomon took a census of all the aliens who were in Israel, after the census his father David had taken; and they were found to be 153,600. 18He assigned 70,000 of them to be carriers and 80,000 to be stonecutters in the hills, with 3,600 foremen over them to keep the people working. Article/200812/59359

There, look.在那儿,看!Where?哪个呀?Next to the tall kid with the red hair.在那个红头发高个儿的旁边。Wearing the glasses?戴着眼镜的那个?Did you see his face?看清他的模样了吗?Did you see his scar?有没有看到他的那块伤疤?Whispers followed Harry from the moment he left his dormitory the next day.第二天,哈利一离开宿舍,大家就吵吵嚷嚷地议论开了。People lining up outside classrooms stood on tiptoe to get a look at him, or doubled back to pass him in the corridors again, staring.那些在教室外排着队的人踮起脚尖来要看他,走廊上碰到的人都会回头对他一看再看。Harry wished they wouldn#39;t, because he was trying to concentrate on finding his way to classes.哈利多希望他们别那样干,因为他都快没办法集中精神找去教室的那条路了。There were a hundred and forty-two staircases at Hogwarts: wide, sweeping ones; narrow, rickety ones;霍格瓦彻学校里一共有一百四十二座楼梯,有的宽敞干净;有的不但窄,还老爱晃动;some that led somewhere different on a Friday; some with a vanishing step halfway up that you had to remember to jump.有的在某个星期五就会变成通向另一处不同的地方;有的藏着些消失的梯级,弄得你不得不跳起来才能往上走。Then there were doors that wouldn#39;t open unless you asked politely, or tickled them in exactly the right place,这里的门除非你有礼貌地请求它,或者帮它在某个恰当的地方挠挠痒,否则它们是不会开的。and doors that weren#39;t really doors at all, but solid walls just pretending.还有些门根本就不是门,而是坚固的墙壁伪装而成的。It was also very hard to remember where anything was, because it all seemed to move around a lot.要记住这一切机关真的好难呀,因为它们好像是会自己移动的。The people in the portraits kept going to visit each other, and Harry was sure the coats of armor could walk.壁贴肖像上的人物者爱互相拜访换位置。还有一件鱼鳞盔甲般的外套,哈利确信它是会走路的。The ghosts didn#39;t help, either. It was always a nasty shock when one of them glided suddenly through a door you were trying to open.小鬼们也让人头痛得要命。当你正要打开一扇门时,他们可能会忽然从里面飘出来,吓得你半死。Nearly Headless Nick was always happy to point new Gryffindors in the right direction,没头鬼尼克经常很乐意为新来的格林芬顿学生们指点正确的方向,but Peeves the Poltergeist was worth two locked doors and a trick staircase if you met him when you were late for class.但喧哗鬼皮维斯就不同了。如果你迟到的时候碰上他,那家伙就会给你弄个锁上的门和一座戏法楼梯尝尝。He would drop wastepaper baskets on your head, pull rugs from under your feet, pelt you with bits of chalk, or sneak up behind you,他会往你头上扔废纸篓,抽掉你脚下的地毯,连续不断地向你掷粉笔,或者从背后偷偷地接近你,invisible, grab your nose, and screech, GOT YOUR CONK!无声无息的,突然飞快地捏住你的鼻子,然后尖声大叫:抓住你的鼻子啦!

有声名著之红与黑 Chapter5 相关名著:查泰莱夫人的情人简爱呼啸山庄有声名著之傲慢与偏见有声名著之儿子与情人 Article/200809/48095

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