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巴彦县做孕检哪家医院最好的好医频道巴彦县中心医院好不好

2019年10月19日 15:38:31    日报  参与评论()人

巴彦县妇女儿童医院网上预约黑龙江省第七医院官网Children diagnosed with soft tissue sarcoma,被诊断有软组织肉瘤、神经母细胞瘤、neuroblastoma, non Hodgkin’s lymphoma, brain tumors,非霍奇金淋巴瘤、脑瘤的孩子male survivors of leukemia, non amputated females白血病的幸存男士,患有骨癌with bone cancer, Wilms tumors and survivors of但没被截肢的女士和肾母细胞瘤、霍奇金病Hodgkin’s disease are more likely to be underweight幸存者在以后的生活中更有可能消瘦不已later in life whereas children diagnosed with acute而患有严重的淋巴细胞性白血病的孩子lymphoblastic leukemia and those receiving cranial和接受颅放射治疗的脑瘤患者radiation therapy for brain tumors were at a higher极有可能会变得risk of becoming overweight and even obese.超重甚至肥胖The reasons behind these trends are still being造成这些趋势的原因researched however possible implications associated还在研究之中with being underweight include being malnourished但是,与消瘦有关的可能原因有while receiving total body radiation, treatment with一是在接受全身辐射和腹部辐射治疗时abdominal radiation and being at a very young age营养不良,二是在很小的时候when treatment begins.就接受治疗The use of aranthrocyclenes and atinomyasin后期的生活中变得消瘦which are powerful chemotherapy drugs are also可能与药效大的化学药物—associated with becoming underweight later in lifearanthrocyclenes和atinomyasin有关because they cause structural and functional injuries因为他们会造成胃肠道的结构和功能损伤to the gastro intestinal tract preventing an adequate以致在后来的生活中oral intake even later in life.口食物得不到充足的营养This chart gives an overall comparison of the short这个图表对在儿童癌症时期营养不良的term and long term consequences of malnutrition during短期和长期影响做了全面的比较childhood cancer. The ones that we have aly我们上面讨论过的那些副作用是粗体的discussed are bolded and some other important另外一些重要的结果包括consequences include the wasting of muscle and消耗掉肌肉和脂肪量fat mass, drug dose alterations, retardation of药物用量改变、阻滞了骨骼肌的发展skeletal muscles and even an increased risk for甚至增加了二次癌症的危险secondary cancers. So clearly avoiding malnutrition显而易见,在治疗期间避免营养不良during treatment is extremely important. We will now是极其重要的turn our focus to the nutritional interventions that我们将把注意力转移到can be used to avoid malnutrition. We will now turn可以避免营养不良的our attentions to the nutritional interventions营养干预上 这种营养干预最常用在most commonly used in a clinical setting.临床环境中There are 3 main feeding practices used in healthcare在医疗保健设施中有三种主要的喂养方式facilities, supplemental or oral feeding, enteral or补授法或经口喂养,肠内管饲和tube feeding and parenteral or IV feeding.肠内或静脉注射Oral feeding is the best method of support for对营养缺乏不严重的病人,patients with a low nutritional risk. Some children口喂养是最好的方式will still need dietary supplements due to an increase由于对营养的需求增大,如钙in nutrient needs such as calcium. Ideally there一些孩子通常需要膳食补充剂 理想状况下should be flexibility in choice and meal times.对菜单的选择和吃饭时间应该灵活安排Studies have shown that a more flexible meal service研究表明,相比而言灵活的进餐务对can lead to a significant increase in children’s food,孩子们的食物、蛋白质和能量吸收protein and energy intakes.有重要的作用Enteral nutrition is a practical method when oral儿童在口营养,体重仍然持续下降时intake and the weight of a child continue to decrease.肠内营养是个很实用的方式Enteral nutrition works well if the child’s gut is如果儿童的肠道功能如果仍然很好的话still functioning properly. Enteral feeding also has那么肠内营养就能起到很好的作用the advantage of preserving the integrity of the肠道喂养对于保持肠道粘液的完整也是intestinal mucousa. Parenteral nutrition is best used非常有益的 而在儿童肠道功能不再正常when the child’s gut is no longer functioning的情况下,肠胃外的营养则是最好的方法correctly. This bypassing the usual process of eating这种肠胃外营养是避开正常的进食及消化and digestion and feeding the child intravenously.通过对儿童进行静脉注射来喂养他们Research has indicated that when normal oral intake研究表明,在不能正常口时,肠内营养is not possible enteral nutrition has more在生理上比肠胃外营养更具有优势physiological benefits compared to parenteral nutrition这优势包括保持小肠绒毛including the maintenance of the heightened activity of及小肠刷状缘酶活性的提高intestinal villi and brush border enzymes,能更好地保护better preservation of specific gut nutrients such as小肠营养内特殊物质glutamine and short chain fatty acids and an upholding比如像谷酰酶、短链脂肪酸of the mucosal membrane surrounding the intestine.和撑小肠周围黏膜的薄膜Enteral nutrition is also associated with fewer肠内营养也和不少的传染病infections and complications however many studies are以及并发症相关continuing to show that parenteral nutrition is more许多研究不断表明,肠胃外营养successful at preventing and correcting malnutrition.在预防和改善营养不良这方面做的比较成功201501/351687在哈尔滨人流最好的医院 哈尔滨市道外区东莱医院做四维彩超

延寿县人民医院可以做引产吗A flight of fish.鱼儿凌空飞翔Escaping predators is not the only test facing the flying fish.逃离掠食动物 并非飞鱼面对的唯一挑战They must also protect their developing young.它们还得保护发育中的幼鱼These flying fish are searching for the one thing这些飞鱼正在寻找一样东西that will make this possible.好让幼鱼得到保护In such a vast ocean its not easy.在这片汪洋大海这差事可不简单Theyre in luck.它们走运了A palm frond.一片棕榈叶Its a tiny island adrift in a huge ocean.这是漂浮在 浩瀚汪洋中的一座小岛And like an island it offers shelter,如小岛一般提供栖身之所not for the flying fish, but for their eggs.收容的不是飞鱼 而是飞鱼卵The females lay eggs on the raft, where the males fertilise them.母鱼在叶子上产卵 由公鱼让卵子受精The first fish spawn and this triggers the others to start.第一条鱼产卵 触发其他飞鱼跟进Soon thousands join the melee.随即有数千条鱼加入这场乱局Innumerable strands of eggs are laid.产下数之不尽的一串串鱼卵The raft starts to tilt under their weight.压得叶子开始倾斜201308/251631巴彦县中医医院地址 哈尔滨治疗子宫颈炎去哪家医院比较好

哈市医院取环多少钱关于建立培养创造力(而不是扼杀创造力)的教育体系,Ken Robinson发表了一番幽默生动的演讲。201409/325312 James Glattfelder 研究复杂性这个概念:一个相互联系的系统总和(比如鸟群)是如何大于其各部分的加总。复杂性理论揭示了关于经济是如何工作等问题。Glattfelder 和我们分享一个突破性的研究成果,他指出,控制全球经济流动以及将权力集中在少数人手中将使我们处于更脆弱的危险境地。201310/261139哈尔滨哪家医院无痛人流便宜黑龙江省哈尔滨市第六人民医院体检多少钱

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