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2019年09月16日 22:50:22    日报  参与评论()人

嘉兴自体脂肪填充面部价格嘉兴市曙光医院切眼袋手术多少钱浙江嘉兴做双眼皮埋线多少钱 A few years ago, with my colleague, Emmanuelle Charpentier, I invented a new technology for editing genomes. It#39;s called CRISPR-Cas9.几年前,我跟同事Emmanuelle Charpentier发明了一个可以编辑基因组的新技术。它叫做 ;CRISPR-Cas9;。The CRISPR technology allows scientists to make changes to the DNA in cells that could allow us to cure genetic disease.CRISPR技术让科学家可以改变细胞里的DNA,从而让我们能够治愈基因疾病。You might be interested to know that the CRISPR technology came about through a basic research project你可能有兴趣想知道,CRISPR技术其实来自于一个基础的科学研究,that was aimed at discovering how bacteria fight viral infections.它的主要目的是了解细菌如何与病毒感染进行对抗。Bacteria have to deal with viruses in their environment,细菌必须在它们的环境里对付病毒。and we can think about a viral infection like a ticking time bomb我们可以这么想,病毒感染像是个定时炸弹,a bacterium has only a few minutes to defuse the bomb before it gets destroyed.细菌在被消灭前,只有几分钟时间可以拆除炸弹。So, many bacteria have in their cells an adaptive immune system called CRISPR, that allows them to detect viral DNA and destroy it.很多细菌在它们的细胞里有一种适应力免疫系统叫做;CRISPR;,它可以使细菌侦测到病毒DNA并消灭它。Part of the CRISPR system is a protein called Cas9, that#39;s able to seek out, cut and eventually degrade viral DNA in a specific way.CRISPR系统中,有一部分是一种叫Cas9的蛋白质,它能够以特殊的方式寻找出、剪断,最后削弱病毒DNA。And it was through our research to understand the activity of this protein, Cas9,我们的研究主要是想了解Cas9蛋白质的活动,that we realized that we could harness its function as a genetic engineering technology我们意识到可以驾驭它的功能,把它当做一种基因工程技术a way for scientists to delete or insert specific bits of DNA into cells with incredible precision一种可以让科学家用难以置信的精准度来消除或插入特定DNA片段到细胞中that would offer opportunities to do things that really haven#39;t been possible in the past.这项技术提供了一个前所未有的机会,让我们可以做到在过去根本无法完成的事情。The CRISPR technology has aly been used to change the DNA in the cells of mice and monkeys, other organisms as well.CRISPR技术已经被应用于改变老鼠和猴子细胞里的DNA,还包括其他有机体。Chinese scientists showed recently that they could even use the CRISPR technology to change genes in human embryos.中国科学家最近发现,他们甚至可以利用CRISPR技术改变人类胚胎里的基因。And scientists in Philadelphia showed they could use CRISPR to remove the DNA of an integrated HIV virus from infected human cells.费城的科学家实,他们可以利用CRISPR技术,从一个感染的人类细胞中移除HIV病毒。The opportunity to do this kind of genome editing also raises various ethical issues that we have to consider,这个充满契机的基因组编辑技术,也引发了各种我们必须认真思考的道德争议。because this technology can be employed not only in adult cells, but also in the embryos of organisms, including our own species.因为这种技术不仅可以运用在成人细胞上,也可以用在有机体的胚胎上,包含我们人类自己。And so, together with my colleagues, I#39;ve called for a global conversation about the technology that I co-invented,所以,我和同事们呼吁,要针对这项技术展开一次全球对话,so that we can consider all of the ethical and societal implications of a technology like this.思考应该赋予这种技术的道德与社会责任。What I want to do now is tell you what the CRISPR technology is, what it can do,那么现在,我要告诉你们CRISPR技术是什么、它可以做什么、where we are today and why I think we need to take a prudent path forward in the way that we employ this technology.目前的发展状况、以及我为什么认为我们需要一个缜密的思路来运用这项技术。When viruses infect a cell, they inject their DNA.当病毒感染一个细胞,它们会插入自身的DNA。And in a bacterium, the CRISPR system allows that DNA to be plucked out of the virus,在一个细菌中,CRISPR系统可以把病毒的DNA拔掉,and inserted in little bits into the chromosome -- the DNA of the bacterium.并且将其中一小段插入到染色体内--也就是细菌的DNA。And these integrated bits of viral DNA get inserted at a site called CRISPR.而这些成簇的病毒DNA会入到一个名为CRISPR的位点。CRISPR stands for clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats.CRISPR意思是;规律成簇的间隔短回文重复;。A big mouthful -- you can see why we use the acronym CRISPR.很绕口--这回你们就知道为什么我们要使用CRISPR的缩写了。It#39;s a mechanism that allows cells to record, over time, the viruses they have been exposed to.CRISPR是一种机制--它允许细胞随时纪录被感染到的病毒。And importantly, those bits of DNA are passed on to the cells#39; progeny,而且重要的是,这些片段DNA会遗传到细胞的后代,so cells are protected from viruses not only in one generation, but over many generations of cells.所以细胞不只有一代会一直被保护不受病毒感染,好几代的细胞都会如此。This allows the cells to keep a record of infection, and as my colleague, Blake Wiedenheft, likes to say,这允许细胞持有受感染的纪录,就像我同事Blake Wiedenheft喜欢说的,the CRISPR locus is effectively a genetic vaccination card in cells.CRISPR的基因座其实上就是细胞的一张基因疫苗接种卡。Once those bits of DNA have been inserted into the bacterial chromosome,一旦这些片段DNA入到细菌染色体内,the cell then makes a little copy of a molecule called RNA, which is orange in this picture, that is an exact replicate of the viral DNA.细胞就会复制出一小段叫RNA的分子,就是照片上的橘色的部分,它就是病毒DNA的复制品。RNA is a chemical cousin of DNA, and it allows interaction with DNA molecules that have a matching sequence.RNA相当于DNA的化学表亲,能够与DNA上相同序列的分子产生反应。So those little bits of RNA from the CRISPR locus associate -- they bind -- to protein called Cas9,所以这些从CRISPR基因座转录的RNA片段,会与一种叫Cas9的蛋白质相结合,which is white in the picture, and form a complex that functions like a sentinel in the cell.也就是照片上白色的部分,这个蛋白质综合体像是细胞的卫兵。It searches through all of the DNA in the cell, to find sites that match the sequences in the bound RNAs.它会搜寻细胞里所有的DNA,找到符合所结合的RNA序列的位点。And when those sites are found -- as you can see here, the blue molecule is DNA当这些位置被找到后--就是你们看到的蓝色DNA分子,this complex associates with that DNA and allows the Cas9 cleaver to cut up the viral DNA.这个综合体会与DNA结合,并允许Cas9蛋白质像刀一样切断病毒DNA。It makes a very precise break.这是一次非常精确的截断。So we can think of the Cas9 RNA sentinel complex like a pair of scissors that can cut DNA所以我们可以把Cas9 RNA标记复合体想像成是一把DNA剪刀it makes a double-stranded break in the DNA helix.它在DNA螺旋结构中制造了一种;双股螺旋断裂;。And importantly, this complex is programmable, so it can be programmed to recognize particular DNA sequences,最重要的是,这种复合体是可程式化的,在程式化后可以用来辨认特定的DNA序列,and make a break in the DNA at that site.并且在DNA的特定位置制造一个断裂。As I#39;m going to tell you now, we recognized that that activity could be harnessed for genome engineering,我现在想要告诉大家,我们已经意识到这个技术可以被利用于基因工程中,to allow cells to make a very precise change to the DNA at the site where this break was introduced.就在我提到过的断裂处,使细胞内的DNA产生一个非常精准的变化。That#39;s sort of analogous to the way that we use a word-processing program to fix a typo in a document.这个方式有点类似于我们使用文字处理软件在一个文档中修改错字一样。The reason we envisioned using the CRISPR system for genome engineering is because cells have the ability to detect broken DNA and repair it.我们意识到CRISPR系统可以被用于基因组工程的原因是,细胞具有检测损坏的DNA,并修复它的能力。So when a plant or an animal cell detects a double-stranded break in its DNA, it can fix that break,所以当一个植物或动物细胞在它的DNA中检测到双股螺旋断裂时,它可以修复这种断裂,either by pasting together the ends of the broken DNA with a little, tiny change in the sequence of that position,把破裂的DNA尾端接合在一起,只在那个位置的序列产生微小的变化,or it can repair the break by integrating a new piece of DNA at the site of the cut.或者,也可以借由在该位置处聚集新的DNA片段来修复断裂。So if we have a way to introduce double-stranded breaks into DNA at precise places,所以如果我们有一种方式可以引导;双股螺旋断裂;精准地进入DNA,we can trigger cells to repair those breaks, by either the disruption or incorporation of new genetic information.我们就可以刺激细胞来修复这些断裂,通过破坏或合并新的遗传信息。So if we were able to program the CRISPR technology to make a break in DNA at the position at or near a mutation causing cystic fibrosis,所以如果我们可以程式化CRISPR技术,在DNA里制造断裂,例如,在囊性纤维化发生突变的位置处或附近制造断裂,for example, we could trigger cells to repair that mutation.我们就可以刺激细胞去修复那个突变。Genome engineering is actually not new, it#39;s been in development since the 1970s.基因工程并不是什么新技术,它在1970年代就发展起来了。We#39;ve had technologies for sequencing DNA, for copying DNA, and even for manipulating DNA.我们已经拥有DNA测序技术、DNA复制技术、甚至DNA修改技术。And these technologies were very promising, but the problem was that they were either inefficient,这些技术前程无量,但问题是它们要么效率不高,or they were difficult enough to use that most scientists had not adopted them for use in their own laboratories, or certainly for many clinical applications.要么操作太复杂,所以大部分科学家们并不在实验室采用这项技术,或是应用于临床。So, the opportunity to take a technology like CRISPR and utilize it has appeal, because of its relative simplicity.而CRISPR的技术相对简单,所以使用它的机会已展露曙光。We can think of older genome engineering technologies as similar to having to rewire your computer each time you want to run a new piece of software,我们可以想像一下,旧的基因工程技术就好比每次你要安装新的软件,就要把电脑升级一次一样。whereas the CRISPR technology is like software for the genome, we can program it easily, using these little bits of RNA.而CRISPR技术就像基因组的软件,利用这些RNA小片段,我们可以简单地编辑它。So once a double-stranded break is made in DNA, we can induce repair, and thereby potentially achieve astounding things,那么一旦双股螺旋断裂在DNA中发生,我们就可以诱导修复,由此有可能达到惊人的效果,like being able to correct mutations that cause sickle cell anemia or cause Huntington#39;s Disease.比如, 能够修正引起镰刀细胞贫血症,或引起亨廷顿氏病的突变。I actually think that the first applications of the CRISPR technology are going to happen in the blood,我认为CRISPR技术的第一项应用会在血液里发生,where it#39;s relatively easier to deliver this tool into cells, compared to solid tissues.相对于坚硬组织而言, 更能简单地在细胞内导入这项技术。Right now, a lot of the work that#39;s going on applies to animal models of human disease, such as mice.目前, 很多工作已经运用在人类疾病的动物模型中,例如老鼠。The technology is being used to make very precise changes that allow us to study the way that these changes in the cell#39;s DNA affect这技术已经被用来实现非常精准的改变,使我们能够研究细胞DNA里的变化,either a tissue or, in this case, an entire organism.不论是对一个组织或像这个案例中的整个有机体。Now in this example, the CRISPR technology was used to disrupt a gene by making a tiny change in the DNA in a gene在这个案例中,借由在DNA里的小改变,that is responsible for the black coat color of these mice.CRISPR技术被用来扰乱关联这些老鼠黑色皮肤的基因。Imagine that these white mice differ from their pigmented litter-mates by just a tiny change at one gene in the entire genome,想像一下, 这些白色的老鼠与它们有色小同伴不同的原因,仅是由于在整个基因组中的一个小改变,and they#39;re otherwise completely normal.除此之外, 它们几乎一模一样。And when we sequence the DNA from these animals,当我们对这些动物的基因做测序,we find that the change in the DNA has occurred at exactly the place where we induced it, using the CRISPR technology.我们发现了在基因里的变化就精准地发生在我们使用CRISPR技术的地方。Additional experiments are going on in other animals that are useful for creating models for human disease, such as monkeys.更多的实验也正在其它动物身上进行中,被当做人类疾病的的试验模型,像是猴子。And here we find that we can use these systems to test the application of this technology in particular tissues,我们在此发现, 我们可以使用这系统在特定组织中运用这项技术,for example, figuring out how to deliver the CRISPR tool into cells.例如, 如何传送CRISPR工具到细胞中。We also want to understand better how to control the way that DNA is repaired after it#39;s cut,我们也想进一步了解如何控制DNA在切断后的修复方式,and also to figure out how to control and limit any kind of off-target, or unintended effects of using the technology.也更想知道如何控制并限制任何一种偏离目标的状况,或者使用这技术时的副作用。I think that we will see clinical application of this technology, certainly in adults, within the next 10 years.我想我们会在十年内就看到它在临床上的应用,特别是在成人身上。I think that it#39;s likely that we will see clinical trials and possibly even approved therapies within that time,我认为,在这段期间,我们很可能会看到临床试验,甚至也有可能是获得批准的治疗方式,which is a very exciting thing to think about.想想的确是件令人兴奋的事。And because of the excitement around this technology, there#39;s a lot of interest in start-up companies另外,因为这项技术的兴起,也涌现了很多初创公司,that have been founded to commercialize the CRISPR technology,致力于CRISPR技术的商业化,and lots of venture capitalists that have been investing in these companies.也有很多风险投资家开始为这些公司投资。But we have to also consider that the CRISPR technology can be used for things like enhancement.但我们也必须要思考一件事,就是CRISPR技术能被用在强化性能上。Imagine that we could try to engineer humans that have enhanced properties, such as stronger bones,想像一下我们可以尝试设计制造人类,像是拥有更强壮的骨骼,or less susceptibility to cardiovascular disease or even to have properties that we would consider maybe to be desirable,或降低心血管疾病的诱发机率,甚至拥有我们期待已久的特征,like a different eye color or to be taller, things like that. ;Designer humans,; if you will.像是不同的眼睛颜色,或长得更高。;订制人;,你们也可以这么理解。Right now, the genetic information to understand what types of genes would give rise to these traits is mostly not known.目前为止,关于哪些类型的基因会有这些特征,相关的基因信息大部分仍是未知的。But it#39;s important to know that the CRISPR technology gives us a tool to make such changes, once that knowledge becomes available.但了解CRISPR技术提供了我们一个可以改变现状的工具是很重要的,尤其是当我们获得了这些基因信息之后。This raises a number of ethical questions that we have to carefully consider,这会引发一系列我们必须仔细考量的道德问题,and this is why I and my colleagues have called for a global pause in any clinical application of the CRISPR technology in human embryos,这也是为什么我跟我的同事们想要呼吁全世界暂缓任何临床上有关CRISPR在人类胚胎上的应用,to give us time to really consider all of the various implications of doing so.给我们一些时间,让我们认真思考各种不同的CRISPR应用。And actually, there is an important precedent for such a pause from the 1970s,实际上,在1970年代,有一个类似这样暂缓的重要例子,when scientists got together to call for a moratorium on the use of molecular cloning,当时科学家们聚集在一起,呼吁暂缓使用 ;分子克隆;,until the safety of that technology could be tested carefully and validated.直到那个技术可以安全地被小心测试并验。So, genome-engineered humans are not with us yet, but this is no longer science fiction.虽然经过基因工程改造的人类还尚未出现,但这已经不仅仅是科幻小说了。Genome-engineered animals and plants are happening right now.动物及植物的基因改造正在进行中。And this puts in front of all of us a huge responsibility,这也使我们每一个人都面临一项重大责任,to consider carefully both the unintended consequences as well as the intended impacts of a scientific breakthrough. Thank you.来认真思考这个科技突破可能会带来的未知后果和可预见的冲击。谢谢各位!Jennifer, this is a technology with huge consequences, as you pointed out.詹妮弗,这是个具有很大影响力的技术,你刚才说过了。Your attitude about asking for a pause or a moratorium or a quarantine is incredibly responsible.你要求暂停、延期或隔离的态度是非常负责任的。There are, of course, the therapeutic results of this,当然有一些应用会有疗效,but then there are the un-therapeutic ones and they seem to be the ones gaining traction, particularly in the media.但也有一些非治疗性的,而它们似乎特别受媒体的关注。This is one of the latest issues of The Economist -- ;Editing humanity.;这是经济学人杂志最新的议题--;定制人类;。It#39;s all about genetic enhancement, it#39;s not about therapeutics.关注点几乎都在基因学性能的提升,而非治疗。What kind of reactions did you get back in March from your colleagues in the science world,今年三月你跟你在科学界的同事,对此技术提出要求并建议when you asked or suggested that we should actually pause this for a moment and think about it?;我们必须立刻停止并思考;后,你们得到了什么样的回应呢?My colleagues were actually, I think, delighted to have the opportunity to discuss this openly.我想,我的同事们实际上很高兴有这个机会可以公开讨论这件事。It#39;s interesting that as I talk to people, my scientific colleagues as well as others, there#39;s a wide variety of viewpoints about this.向大众介绍这项技术是个很有趣的经历,和同事或者其他人说起也是这样,关于这件事大家都有不同的见解。So clearly it#39;s a topic that needs careful consideration and discussion.所以很明显,这件事需要人们进行深入思考和讨论。There#39;s a big meeting happening in December that you and your colleagues are calling,今年12月还有一次大型会议,你跟你同事都有被邀请,together with the National Academy of Sciences and others, what do you hope will come out of the meeting, practically?与国家科学院及其他机构的专家一起开会,你希望会议中能达成什么共识呢?Well, I hope that we can air the views of many different individuals and stakeholders我希望我们可以与很多不同的私人机构及投资人,who want to think about how to use this technology responsibly.针对如何负责任地使用此项技术做一次线上会议沟通。It may not be possible to come up with a consensus point of view,也许不太可能会达成共识,but I think we should at least understand what all the issues are as we go forward.但我认为我们至少要了解,当我们继续前进时会面临哪些问题。Now, colleagues of yours, like George Church, for example, at Harvard, they say,你的同事,比方说哈佛大学的George Church,他们会说;Yeah, ethical issues basically are just a question of safety.;对啊,有关道德上的考量,基本上只是安全性问题,We test and test and test again, in animals and in labs, and then once we feel it#39;s safe enough, we move on to humans.;我们会不断地在实验室里做动物实验,一旦我们感觉它够安全,才会在人体中做测试啊!;So that#39;s kind of the other school of thought, that we should actually use this opportunity and really go for it.所以这有点像其他一类想法,我们应该利用此机会并大胆尝试。Is there a possible split happening in the science community about this?这有没有可能在科学界产生分歧呢?I mean, are we going to see some people holding back because they have ethical concerns,我的意思是,有些人忍住了,因为他们有道德方面的顾虑,and some others just going forward because some countries under-regulate or don#39;t regulate at all?有些人则没有,依然我行我素,因为有些国家有管制,而有些则完全没有?Well, I think with any new technology, especially something like this,我想对很多新科技,尤其类似这样的技术,there are going to be a variety of viewpoints, and I think that#39;s perfectly understandable.大家都会有不同的观点,这完全可以理解。I think that in the end, this technology will be used for human genome engineering,我想到最后,这项技术会被用在人类基因工程上,but I think to do that without careful consideration and discussion of the risks and potential complications would not be responsible.但我认为如果没有深思熟虑并讨论其中的风险和可能的并发症,那是不负责任的表现。There are a lot of technologies and other fields of science that are developing exponentially, pretty much like yours.我想有很多技术和其他领域的科学跟你的很像,正在急速地发展着。I#39;m thinking about artificial intelligence, autonomous robots and so on.比如说人工智能、自主性机器人等等...No one seems -- aside from autonomous warfare robots -- nobody seems to have launched a similar discussion in those fields, in calling for a moratorium.似乎没有人--除了自主作战机器人--在这些领域中,似乎没有人发表相同的言论,要来呼吁暂缓之类的。Do you think that your discussion may serve as a blueprint for other fields?你是否认为你的讨论也许可以成为其他领域的参考蓝图?Well, I think it#39;s hard for scientists to get out of the laboratory.我认为,要让科学家不做实验是不太可能的。Speaking for myself, it#39;s a little bit uncomfortable to do that.就我自己而言,这样做有点不太舒。But I do think that being involved in the genesis of this really puts me and my colleagues in a position of responsibility.但我的确认为我们涉及到这件事的源头,使我跟同事们必须站出来为这件事负责。And I would say that I certainly hope that other technologies will be considered in the same way,我要说我肯定希望其他的科学技术也能用同样的方式来思考,just as we would want to consider something that could have implications in other fields besides biology.正如我们考量到某些事也有可能会牵连到除开生物学之外的其他领域。Jennifer, thanks for coming to TED. Thank you.詹妮弗,感谢你来TED演讲。谢谢。 Article/201706/514736The agreement is one of the most satisfying of Rockefeller#39;s career.该协议是洛克菲勒职业生涯中最得意的一笔He#39;s forced his biggest rival to hand over a fortune in exchange for an iron ore mine he never had much interest in owning.他逼迫他的最大对手吐出一笔财富 以换取本来就没有多大兴趣拥有的铁矿石Rockefeller may have gotten the better of Carnegie but their deal has drawn the attention of another rival who envisions something even bigger.洛克菲勒诚然是打败了卡内基 但他们的交易已经引起了另一个对手的关注 这位对手的野心更大America has expanded more in the last three decades than any country on Earth.美国在过去三十年里的发展是地球上任何其他国家都无法比拟的Covering the bth of the continent, its prosperity is built on oil, steel and electricity.横跨美洲大陆 其繁荣是建立在石油 钢铁及电力上John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie and J.P. Morgan amassed mind-boggling fortunes and became targets.约翰·D·洛克菲勒 安德鲁·卡内基和J·P·根积累了令人难以置信的财富 也成为人们打击的目标But after teaming up to put their man in the White House,they#39;re now free to do whatever they want.但是他们联手找人入住白宫之后 就可以自由地为所欲为了 Article/201607/452005桐乡市隆下巴多少钱

嘉兴哪家医院割双眼皮最好Initially there is this enormous let down.开始的时候非常失望He can#39;t quite believe now that he has no connection with Pittsburgh or his mills.他还无法相信自己跟匹兹堡跟工厂都没有关系了That there is no Carnegie Steel anymore and I think it#39;s hard for him to get used to that.卡内基钢铁也不复存在了 我估计他很难习惯这点If somebody accepts the ask too quickly, then you think there was more room there.如果有时决定做得太快 往往会觉得应该有更多的余地But I never like to look back.但我从不喜欢回头I#39;m a very forward thinking person and a very positive thinking person, and the transactions that I did, or did not do, I very rarely have any remorse over a situation.我喜欢朝前看 我思想很积极 那些做了或者没做的交易 我都鲜有悔恨的时候I like to move on.过去的就过去了J.P. Morgan calls his new company, U.S. Steel.J·P·根称他的新公司为美国钢铁公司It#39;s instantly the biggest corporation in the world.它瞬间成了世界上最大的公司The first company in history to be worth more than one billion dollars and it will dominate the steel business for almost one hundred years, virtually unchallenged.是历史上第一家价值超过十亿美元的公司 近一百年的时间里 它在钢铁行业的主导地位 都没有受到挑战But the creation of U.S. Steel is only possible in this new era of unchecked monopolies.但美国钢铁公司的创立 也只有在这垄断不受限制的新时代成为可能An era Morgan helped create when he and his rivals put their President in the White House.这一时代也是根及其对手通过扶植总统入住白宫而创造出来的They may have helped to buy the President, but they can#39;t avoid politics forever.虽然他们一时购买了总统宝座 但他们终究不能永远回避政治Their power over the nation#39;s biggest industries soon catches the attention of an emerging politician, Theodore Roosevelt.他们在国家最大的一些行业里的权势很快受到一位政治新星的关注 他就是西奥多·罗斯福 Article/201607/453028嘉兴市曙光医院纹眉毛多少钱 I#39;m not interested in judging people#39;s hustle.我对别人努力与否不感兴趣。I#39;m interested in telling people how I#39;ve accomplished what I#39;ve accomplished,我喜欢告诉人们我是怎么成功的,which is I don#39;t think I#39;m that talented.我不认为我很有才华。I do think I#39;ve outworked people. I think that#39;s real.我认为我的工作比别人出色。那倒是真的。I also think it#39;s controllable.我也认为这些都是自己可控的。And I think anybody who#39;s watching right now我认为现在正在观看节目的人,they may not be the most talented entrepreneur or salesman or you know, an amazing craft of content可能不是最有天赋的企业家、销售员或是令人惊讶的手工艺者,but if they outwork somebody, that is a variable that feels in control.但是如果他们的工作比别人出色,那么这些都可以自己掌控。Somebody who wants to start a YouTube show想开始创建“YouTube”节目的人,if they do it 365 days a year versus somebody that does it 137 days a year如果他们一年365天都在努力做,而其他人一年只做137天,and they#39;re equally as talented the person that does it 365 is gonna win.在同等天赋条件下,努力了365天的人会成功。I mean that#39;s just the truth.我说的是事实。And it#39;s the only practical advice that I think I can give.这是我能给你的最切合实际的建议。Go get more talent. I can#39;t say that.我不能说去获得更多的天赋。But, you know, work harder and go to less happy hours ,但是,更加努力地工作、减少时间,and don#39;t watch, you know, entire seasons of ;House of Cards,; yeah, that feels real.不看整季的《纸牌屋》,这些你都能做到。And so, you know, to me, I think it#39;s amazing to take the whole month of August off in Europe.整个八月都在欧洲休假,我觉得这太不可思议了。I think that#39;s an amazing work-life balance and for many people that#39;s the right advice.这是工作与生活的完美平衡,对许多人来说,这是正确的建议。It#39;s just not my little narrow view on the world这不是我对世界的狭隘看法,in the concept of if you complain about what you want professoinally, well, there#39;s a way to fix it.在这个观念中,如果你抱怨自己想要的是什么,总有办法能解决它。If you#39;re content and you make 55,000 euros a year如果你很满足,你每年赚五万五千欧元,and you have all of August off and you#39;re a part of the dart team你整个八月都在休假,你是飞镖队的一员and you spend tons of time with your kids你有大量的时间陪孩子玩儿,and you#39;re content and you do not complain, well then you#39;re a hero to me.你满足现有的生活并且不抱怨,那么你是我的英雄。 Article/201707/516291秀城区面部除皱纹费用

嘉善脱小腿毛多少钱栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghai#39;s English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。 Article/201610/464459 TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想 Article/201611/477457桐乡市治疗蝴蝶斑多少钱嘉兴脸上祛痣哪里最实惠



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