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2017年11月21日 04:57:51来源:天涯典范

  • Amsterdam, 1639.A city flush with new money.阿姆斯特丹 1639年 一座挥霍着新货币的城市A century after the Spanish conquest of the new world,西班牙人征新世界一个世纪之后The riches of the Americas and an explosion of global trade美洲大陆的财富和全球贸易的爆发Have turned the Netherlands into the richest nation On the planet.使荷兰成为了世界上 最富有的国家The Dutch control over half the worlds shipping.荷兰人掌控了全球半数以上的商船More new millionaires than anywhere else on earth.造就了世界上数量最多的百万富翁The highest income per head in Europe.A city in love with gambling.在欧洲拥有最高的人均收入 这是一座沉迷于的城市Caught up in the excitement: Jan van Goyen.沉湎于刺激 扬·范·戈因Struggling artist,looking for a new way to make his fortune.一位苦苦奋斗的画家 正在寻找新的方法创造财富In a wealthy city,a city of great merchants and great enterprises在一座富裕的城市 一座满是伟大的商人和企业的城市里hes a guy on the move,and he wants to get in on this action.他是一个勤奋 毫不懈怠的人 他想靠自己的行动而有所收获New wealth drives the demand for new luxuries,新的财富驱使了对于新的奢侈品的需求And one exotic import has captured The publics imagination: the tulip.一种奇异的的进口商品 捕获了公众的想象力 这就是郁金香201602/427188。
  • We have created a miniature star.我们创造了一个微型恒星Of course if this was a real experiment,当然,如果这是真正的实验you wouldnt want to go anywhere near it.你绝不会想靠近它The energy given off even from a star this small would be devastating.如此小的恒星也足以释放出毁灭性的能量Back in the early universe,追溯到宇宙初期the same process happened for the first time同样的过程第一次发生了on a much, much bigger scale.只不过规模远大于此Gravity compressed the hydrogen gas clouds over millions of years数百万年来,万有引力压缩氢气云团until deep in the center,以至中心深处the hydrogen became hot enough for fusion to occur.氢气达到足够使聚变发生的高温The first star burst into light,伴着耀眼的光芒,第一颗恒星诞生了pouring its energy into the vast universe,其能量倾入广袤的宇宙a product of the laws of nature这正是自然法则and the raw materials left over from the big bang.和宇宙大爆炸残留物的产物It was almost 1,000 times bigger than our own sun它比太阳大了近一千倍and burned a deep blue.灼烧呈深蓝色Whats more, this star soon had company.此外,这个恒星不久就有了同伴The stars were turning on.恒星如雨后春笋般涌现出来This same process still happens in our sun which is太阳如今正在进行同样的过程where we get the energy we need to live.它提供着我们赖以生存的能量But there was still a long way to但我们今天的一切go to get from this to where we are today.是历史长河中久经锤炼而来You cant build a world like ours仅用氢气和氦气这样的气体from simple gasses such as hydrogen and helium.无法构建出我们这样丰富多的世界You need all sorts of other elements.其他各种元素必不可少You need elements like oxygen and carbon and iron and many more.比如氧,碳,铁等元素But, we got lucky yet again,幸运又一次降临beacuse the very same process that causes the stars to shine因为导致恒星发光的过程also just happens to make materials like oxygen and carbon and iron.正巧产生了氧气,碳,铁等物质Stars simply by accident are giant factories.意外形成恒星相当于大型化学工厂201509/397383。
  • And so weve got a common guy on the street因此一个在街上的普通人whos now involved in this pivotal moment in history.卷入了历史上这一关键的时刻It can take three days to die on a cross.Blood-loss, shock,Dehydration, suffocation.被钉在十字架上要三天才会死 失血 休克 脱水 窒息死亡Crucifixions are so common,The Romans barely register Jesus death.十字架上的苦刑是如此普遍 以至于罗马人几乎没有记录耶稣的死亡This non-event,this thing that nobody noticed except his friends and family,除了耶稣的朋友和家人 几乎没人注意到这件普通的小事turned out to have the power to transform the entire Roman Empire and the course of human history然而这件事却有力量改变整个罗马帝国 在过去的两千年more profoundly than any other single event over the past 2,000 years.比其他任何事件都更深刻地改变了 人类历史的进程The followers of Jesus will retell his story耶稣的追随者将会重述他的故事And use the power of the empire to sp his message.利用罗马帝国的力量传播耶稣的教诲1400 miles from Jerusalem,The imperial capital, Rome.耶路撒冷1400英里外 是帝国的首都 罗马The largest city on earth.Population: one million.这是世界上最大的城市 人口为一百万Its two and half times more densely populated Than modern Manhattan.罗马的人口密度 是如今曼哈顿人口密度的2.5倍But 18 years after the crucifixion,在耶稣被钉死在十字架上十八年以后A series of droughts creates a food shortage.连续的干旱导致了食物短缺Rome needs 200,000 tons of grain each year,罗马每年需要二十万吨的粮食Or its people will starve.否则人们就会挨饿201510/402161。
  • In addition to scientific equipment,the Voyager spacecraft each carry,out beyond the solar system,a golden record encoding information about the earth and our human civilization,These time capsules contain examples of the best aspects of humanity language,music,art,and scientific achievenments.除了科学仪器之外,每艘旅行者号飞船也,向太阳系之外携带了,编译有地球和我们人类文明信息的金质唱片。这些文物密藏器携带着人性中最美好一面的代表,语言,音乐,艺术以及科技成就。Environmental destruction,war and cable tv didnt make the list.Neither did garbage.And yet,every single time you throw something away,youre contributing to a collective time capsule.Because buried deep within the landfills that dot the Earth lies precious information about who we are,how we live and what we really care about.环境破坏,战争和电视当然不在列表之内。垃圾也没有。但是,每次你把某些东西扔出去时,都在为一个“时光胶囊”做着贡献。因为无数宝贵的信息深藏在斑驳与世界各地的垃圾场底下,关乎到我们是谁,我们怎么生活和我们在乎什么。Archaeologists use heaps of trash to study people and culture,and even have a special,nice-sounding name for garbage piles:middens.In one midden near Rome,archeologists uncovered 25 million containers for carrying olive oil,telling us that Romans used a LOT of olive oil,but almost none of it came from Rome,most was from Spain and Egypt.人类学家利用一堆堆垃圾研究人类和文化。甚至还给垃圾堆起了个特殊而好听的名字。Midden(中文:垃圾堆)。在罗马附近的一个垃圾堆里,人类学家发现了2500万个盛放橄榄油的容器,这说明罗马人曾使用大量的橄榄油,但橄榄油都不产自罗马。大多数来自西班牙和埃及。And we know from shell middens that the Maori people of New Zealand hunted moa and seals early on,but later had to switch to fish,shellfish,and small birds as the moa and seals became overhunted.Digging through more recent history,a midden outside of George Washingtons home revealed the belt buckles he wore,the china he used,and the meat he and his guest ate off of that china.我们从贝冢里可以发现 新西兰的毛利人早期曾捕猎恐鸟和海豹,但之后不得不转而捕捉鱼类,贝壳和小鸟,因为恐鸟和海豹被过度捕猎。纵观年代更近的历史。乔治。华盛顿家附近的一个垃圾堆里曾发现过他用过的皮带扣,他用过的瓷器 还有他与宾客曾从盘子中吃过的肉。Even now,in our era of modern record keeping and date,we some time need to look through the garbage to see what were really like,In the 1980s,there was huge outcry about the gross quantity of garbage humans were making,with many environmental groups painting a picture of disposable diapers and fast food packaging filling up our landfills.Around the same time,a professor in Tucson interviewed people about their eating habits,then went through their trash to see what they threw away.即使现在,在我们以现代方法保存记录和信息的时代,我们有时还得翻遍垃圾堆来找到我们的真爱。1980年代,人类制造垃圾的总量的问题曾引起过一场大型抗议,许多环保组织打出了一次性尿布的照片,同时还有充斥着填埋场的快餐包装盒。Its true that we were producing a lot of trash,but when researchers examined what was in those landfills,diapers and fast food containers accounted for less than 2 percent of new landfill volume,The majority was construction waste and paper.我们的确在制造者无数垃圾,但当研究者调查垃圾堆里到底有什么时,尿布和快餐盒仅占到了新制造垃圾总体积的不到2%。绝大多数还是建筑废料和纸张。大约同时Tucson的一位教授调查了一群人的饮食习惯,之后翻遍了这些人家的垃圾来查看他们扔掉了什么。It turns out that people and their garbage tell two very different stories,Participants overreported healthy foods,and underreported fools they considered bad,For example.they reported drinking only half as much alcohol as the bottles in their trash indicated.And everybody underreported how much fat they ate,except people who had lived through WWII.Those generations tended to overreport butter,which was heavily rationed during the war and consequently considered valuable and healthful.结果明,人们和垃圾所道出的事实截然不同。受访者夸大了健康食物的量,并低估了他们认为不好的食物的量。比如 他们仅报告了垃圾桶中酒瓶所体现,的一半的酒量。每个人都低估了他们所摄入的脂肪,除了曾生活在二战期间的人。那一代倾向于高估黄油的量,在战争期间黄油被严格限量供应,并以此被认为“有价值”及“健康”。So a survey or carefully crafted time capsule is probably biased towards the best parts of our lives-the parts we want people to remember and extraterrestrials to know about.But our trash doesnt lie.因此,调查和精心制作的时间胶囊 很可能会偏向人类最好的一面,我们想要人们记住的,让外星生命所知道的那些事。但是垃圾不会撒谎。201502/355425。
  • Save The Children伸出援手,拯救儿童We are all born to dream, or to achieve, or to discover.我们全都生而编织梦想,或成就大业,或探索未知。Some are born to be the fastest, the greatest, or simply the bestest.有些人天生就是最快的、最伟大的,或天生就是世界之最。But while some are born to grow old and wise, many more will never grow up at all.虽然有人生来福寿睿智,但更多人压根儿从来没有机会长大。Over eight million children under five die needlessly every year.每年超过八百万名五岁以下的幼童枉死。You can help keep their dreams alive. Join us at savethechildren.org.uk.你可以帮助他们筑梦踏实。参加savethechildren.org.uk。201504/369380。
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